It happened today – this day in history – August 22

565: St Columba reports seeing a monster in Loch Ness.

1138: English defeat the Scottish at Cowton Moor, Yorks.

1485: Henry Tudor’s forces defeat Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field, the final battle in the War of the Roses.

1582: James VI of Scotland is captured.

1642: The English Civil War begins between Royalists and Parliament.

1717: Spanish troops land on Sardinia.

1770: James Cook’s expedition lands on the east coast of Australia.

1848: The US annexes New Mexico.

1862: Birth of French composer Claude Debussy.

1864: The first Geneva Convention is adopted “for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field” and signed by 12 nations.

1894: Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal.

1903: Death of former Prime Minister Lord Salisbury aged 73.

1910: Japan annexes Korea.

1921: J Edgar Hoover becomes assistant director of the FBI.

1922: Irish nationalist leader Michael Collins is killed aged 31 in an ambush by anti-treaty forces during the Irish Civil War.

1926: Gold is discovered in Johannesburg, South Africa.

1930: Australia regain The Ashes.

1932: The BBC begins experimental regular TV broadcasts.

1941: Nazi troops reach Lenningrad.

1942: Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan and Italy.

1952: The penal colony on Devil’s Island is permanently closed.

1953: The Shah of Iran returns to Tehran.

1954: Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina clinches his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by winning Swiss Grand Prix at Bremgarten in a Maserati.


1956: Elvis Presley begins work on his first film, Love Me Tender.

1962: An assassination attempt on French president Charles de Gaulle fails.

1963: Singles chart:

  1. Bad To Me – Billy J Kramer and the Dakotas
  2. Sweets For My Sweet – The Searchers
  3. I’m Telling You Know – Freddie and the Dreamers
  4. Confessin’ – Frank Ifield
  5. In Summer – Billy Fury
  6. Theme From The Legion’s Last Patrol – Ken Thorne
  7. Twist And Shout – Brian Poole and the Tremeloes
  8. Da Doo Ron Ron – The Crystals
  9. I’ll Never Get Over You – Johnny Kidd and the Pirates
  10. Wipe Out – The Surfaris

1964: Match of the Day is shown for the first time (in black and white) with highlights from Liverpool v Arsenal. The BBC2 audience is thought to have been little more than attended the match.

1966: ICI, Britain’s largest manufacturing company, announces 1,000 redundancies at its nylon-fibre producing factories.

1968: Fed up with the bickering in the studio during the recording of The White Album, Ringo Starr walks out on The Beatles and goes on holiday.

1969: The Beatles meet at John Lennon’s Tittenhurst Park home for their last ever photo session.

1971: Approximately 130 non-Unionist councillors announce their withdrawal from participation on district councils across Northern Ireland in protest against Internment.

1972: Rhodesia is barred from the Munich Olympics four days before the opening ceremony in the face of mounting international pressure. On the same day, an IRA bomb explodes prematurely at a customs post at Newry, County Down, killing nine people, including three members of the IRA and five Catholic civilians.

1978: Kenyan president, Jomo Kenyatta, dies aged 89.

1986: Deputy chief constable of Greater Manchester police John Stalker is cleared of misconduct following allegations that he had been at social events attended by known criminals.

1999: Farmer Tony Martin is arrested after a burglar is shot and killed at his Norfolk farmhouse.

2004: The Scream and Madonna, paintings by Edvard Munch are stolen at gunpoint from the Munch Museum in Oslo, Norway. On the same day, Justine Henin of Belgium wins the women’s singles tennis gold medal at the Athens Olympics 6-3, 6-3 over Amélie Mauresmo of France.

2010: Eminem – Recovery

2010: Album chart:

  1. The Final Frontier – Iron Maiden
  2. Recovery – Eminem
  3. Headlines – The Saturday
  4. The Defamation Of Strickland Banks – Plan B
  5. The Suburbs – Arcade Fire
  6. Crazy Love – Michael Buble
  7. Sunny Side Up – Paolo Nutini
  8. Eliza Doolittle – Eliza Doolittle
  9. The Fame – Lady Gaga
  10. The Illusion Of Safety – The Hoosiers

2011: Songwriter and producer Jerry Leiber dies aged 78. On the same day, songwriter Nicholas Ashford dies from throat cancer.

2014: John Lennon’s killer, Mark David Chapman, is denied parole by New York State officials for the eighth time.

2015: A vintage Hawker Hunter plane crashes onto the A27 dual carriageway road during the Shoreham airshow in Britain killing at least 11 people. On the same day, the World Athletics Championships open in Beijing, China.

2019: South Korea says it is leaving an intelligence-sharing pact with Japan in an escalation of the rift between the two countries.

2020: Fires burning in Northern California are declared a major disaster.

2021: UB40 saxophonist Brian Travers dies aged 62 from cancer.

2022: Jerry Allison, drummer with The Crickets, dies aged 82.

Kristin Wiig

BIRTHDAYS: Alan Birchenall, footballer, 78; Steve Davis, snooker champion, 66; Vernon Reid, singer (Living Colour) 65, Mark Williams, actor/writer, 64; Debbie Peterson, drummer (The Bangles), 62; Roland Orzabal, singer/musician/songwriter (Tears For Fears) 62; Tori Amos, singer-songwriter, 60; Mats Wilander, tennis star, 59; Ty Burrell, actor, 56; Steve Cradock, guitarist (Ocean Colour Scene/Paul Weller) 54; Richard Armitage, actor, 52; Kristen Wiig, actress/writer, 50; Sheree Murphy, actress, 48; James Corden, actor/writer/US TV host, 45; Stephen Ireland, footballer, 37; Vladimir Coufal, footballer, 31; Dua Lipa, singer-songwriter, 28.