It happened today – this day in history – August 25

1482: Death of Margaret of Anjou, wife of Henry VI aged 52.

1530: Birth of Ivan the Terrible, first tsar of Russia.

1609: Galileo demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers.

1688: Death of Welsh pirate Henry Morgan aged 53.

1768: Captain James Cook departs from Plymouth on his first voyage aboard the Endeavour.

1804: Alicia Thornton becomes the first female jockey in England.

1814: British forces destroy the US Library of Congress in Washington DC, containing 3,000 books.

1819: Death of inventor James Watt aged 83.

1822: Astronomer William Herschel , who discovered Uranus, dies aged 83.

1825: Uruguay declares independence from Brazil.

1829: US President Andrew Jackson makes an offer to buy Texas, but the Mexican government refuses.

1867: Death of scientist Michael Faraday, aged 75.

1870: Composer Richard Wagner marries Franz Listz’s daughter Cosima in Switzerland.

1875: Captain Matthew Webb completes the first observed solo swim across the English Channel in 21 hours and 45 minutes.

1894: Japanese scientist Shibasaburo Kitasato discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague.

1900: Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche dies aged 55.

1904: James J Jeffries scores a second round TKO win over Jack Munroe in defence of his world boxing title.

1908: Death of physicist Henri Becquerel (discovered radioactivity) aged 55.

1914: German Zeppelins bomb Antwerp. German troops in occupied Belgium begin the six-week “Sack of Louvain,” destroying historical buildings and killing hundreds of civilians. On the same day, German troops march into France.

1917: Robert Lindley Murray beats Nathaniel W. Niles 5-7, 8-6, 6-3, 6-3 in the US National Tennis Championships at Forest Hills, New York.

1919: Start of the first scheduled passenger service by plane (Paris-London).

1920: Russia suffers a final decisive defeat against Poland in the Battle of Warsaw.

1921: The US signs a peace treaty with Germany.

1928: Arsenal (Division 1 v Sheffield Wednesday) and Chelsea (Division 2 v Swansea) become the first Football League sides to have numbers on their shirts to identify players.

1937: The Japanese fleet blockades the Chinese coast.

1940: Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are incorporated into the Soviet Union.

1941: British and Soviet troops attack pro-Germany Iran. On the same day, singer Billie Holiday marries trombonist Jimmy Monroe.

1943: Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten is appointed Supreme Allied Commander in SE Asia.

1944: General Charles de Gaulle enters Paris after French and US troops liberate the city from the Nazis.


1946: Ben Hogan wins the PGA Golf Championship.

1950: Sugar Ray Robinson KOs Jose Basora to win the middleweight boxing title.

1955: The last Soviet forces leave Austria.

1960: The Olympic Games open in Rome.

Singles chart:

  1. Apache – The Shadows
  2. Please Don’t Tease – Cliff Richard
  3. A Mess Of Blues – Elvis Presley
  4. When Will I Be Loved – The Everly Brothers
  5. Shakin ‘ All Over – Johnny Kidd and the Pirates
  6. Because They’re Young – Duane Eddy
  7. If She Should Come To You – Anthony Newley
  8. Love Is Like A Violin – Ken Dodd
  9. Good Timin’ – Jimmy Jones
  10. Tie Me Kangaroo Down Sport – Rolf Harris
1963: The Beatles – Please Please Me

1963: Album chart:

  1. Please Please Me – The Beatles
  2. Greatest Hits – The Shadows
  3. Cliff’s Hits Album – Cliff Richard
  4. West Side Story – Original Soundtrack
  5. Meet The Searchers – The Searchers
  6. I’ll Remember You – Frank Ifield
  7. Reminiscing – Buddy Holly
  8. It Happened At The World’s Fair – Elvis Presley
  9. Concert Sinatra – Frank Sinatra
  10. Billy – Billy Fury

1967: The leader of the American Nazi party, George Lincoln Rockwell, is shot and killed by a sniper at a shopping centre in Arlington, Virginia. On the same day, The Beatles go to Wales to study transcendental meditation with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. A policeman mistakes Cynthia Lennon for a fan and prevents her from getting on the train.

1970: Elton John makes his US live debut with a show at The Troubadour in LA which was attended by Leon Russell, Quincy Jones and Don Henley. It is the single most important show of his career.

1971: Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party Gerry Fitt presents a number of allegations of brutality by the security forces in Northern Ireland to representatives of the UN.

1984: Author Truman Capote dies from liver cancer aged 59.

1988: Iran and Iraq begin talks to end their eight-year war.

1989: NASA’s Voyager 2 sends back the first close up pictures of Neptune.

1990: The UN security council authorizes military action against Iraq.

1992: Leeds Utd striker Eric Cantona becomes the first player to score a hat-trick in the Premier League during their 5-0 win over Tottenham Hotspur at Elland Road.

1993: Snoop Doggy Dogg is released on $1million bail after he was accused of being involved in the murder of a member of the By Yerself gang during a shooting in Los Angeles. He was acquitted in 1996.

1997: A court in Berlin sentences the former East German leader, Egon Krenz, to six-and-a-half years in prison for instigating the shoot to kill policy against people trying to flee East Germany via the Berlin Wall.

1999: Rob Fisher of duo Climie Fisher died of cancer aged 39.

2000: Academy Award-winning film score composer and record producer Jack Nitzsche dies aged 63 from a heart attack.

2001: Singer/actress Aaliyah is killed aged 22 when the small plane she is travelling in crashes in the Bahamas.

2003: Two powerful bomb blasts hit Bombay within minutes of each other, killing 52 and injuring 150.

2006: Former Ukrainian prime minister Pavlo Lazarenko is sentenced to nine years in prison for money laundering, wire fraud, and extortion.

2010: A selection of previously unseen photographs of The Beatles go on display at the Victoria Gallery and Museum in Liverpool. The images were taken by Astrid Kirchherr, the girlfriend of original bass player Stuart Sutcliffe, who took pictures of the band’s early years after meeting them in Hamburg in 1960. The exhibition included images of the band on holiday in Tenerife and filming A Hard Day’s Night in 1964.

2012: Voyager 1 becomes the first spacecraft to enter interstellar space. On the same day, astronaut Neil Armstrong, first man on the moon, dies aged 82.

2017: US President Donald Trump grants a presidential pardon to Joe Arpaio, who had been convicted of contempt of court for racial profiling. On the same day, Indian spiritual leader Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh is convicted of raping two of his followers in Panchkula.

2018: Afghan Islamic State leader Abu Saad Erhabi and 10 others are killed in an air strike in the province of Nangarhar.

2020: England’s Jimmy Anderson becomes first fast bowler to reach 600 wickets in Test cricket.

2021: England cricketer Ted Dexter dies aged 86.

BIRTHDAYS: Wayne Shorter, saxophonist, 89; Tom Skerritt, actor, 89; Frederick Forsyth, author, 84; Marshall Brickman, screenwriter, 83; Baron Black of Crossharbour, newspaper publisher, 78; Anne Archer, actress, 75; Howard Jacobson, author, 75; Gene Simmons (Chaim Weitz), bassist/singer (Kiss), 73; Martin Amis, author, 73; Pamela Armstrong, journalist, 71; Rob Halford, singer (Judas Priest) 71; Geoff Downes, keyboards (Buggles/Asia/Yes) 70; Vivien Goldman, journalist, 70; Elvis Costello, (Declan McManus), singer-songwriter, 68; Matt Aitken, songwriter/record producer, 66; Tim Burton, director/writer, 64; Billy Ray Cyrus, singer, 61; Joanne Whalley, actress, 60; Vivian Campbell, guitarist (Def Leppard), 60; Candida Doyle, keyboardist (Pulp), 59; Blair Underwood, actor, 58; Clive Myrie, journalist/TV presenter, 58; Will Gompertz, journalist, 57; Derek Sherinian, keyboards (Dream Theatre) 56; Tracy Ann Oberman, actress, 56; Julia Davis, actor/writer, 56; Tom Hollander, actor, 55; Jeff Tweedy, sonwriter/musician (Wilco), 55; Claudia Schiffer, actress/model, 52; Joe Wright, director, 50; Ben Falcone, actor/director/screenwriter, 49; Alexander Skarsgård, actor, 46; Marlon Harewood, former footballer, 43; Rachel Bilson, actress, 41; Amy MacDonald, singer-songwriter, 35; Blake Liveley, actress, 35; Ray Quinn, actor/singer, 34; Alexandra Burke, singer, 34; Luke Ayling, footballer, 31; Holly Gibbs, actress, 25.