It happened today – this day in history – August 26

1346: Edward III’s longbows defeat Philip VI of France’s army at the Battle of Crécy. Cannons are used for the first time in battle.

1498: Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pietà in St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City.

1676: Birth of Robert Walpole, Britain’s first Prime Minister, in Norfolk.

1743: Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry, is born in Paris.

1819: Birth of Albert von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha, husband of Queen Victoria.

1843: Charles Thurber patents a typewriter.

1846: Felix Mendelssohn’s oratorio “Elijah” premieres at the Birmingham Festival.

1904: Birth of novelist Christopher Isherwood in Cheshire.

1910: Birth of Mother Teresa (Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu) in Skopje.

1914: The 8th German Army and the Russian Narev army engage in the Battle of Tannenberg, which eventually results in a German victory.

1915: German troops overrun Brest-Litovsk, Russia.

1924: The Ottoman army expels Greeks and other non-Turks from Asia Minor.

1937: Franco’s troops conquer Santander in the Spanish Civil War.

1940: Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies.

1942: Japanese troops land on Milne Bay, New Guinea. On the same day, 7,000 Jews are rounded up in Vichy and in Russia the Soviets launch a counter offensive.

1944: Bulgaria announces withdrawal and German troops are to be disarmed.

1950: Australia beats the USA to win the Davis Cup in tennis.

1958: Death of composer Ralph Vaughan Williams aged 85.

1959: The British Motor Corporation introduces the Morris Mini-Minor, designed by Alec Issigonis.

1962: Sherri Finkbine, a TV presenter from Phoenix, Arizona, and a mother of four returned home to a storm of controversy and threats after getting a legal abortion in Sweden. She decided to terminate her fifth pregnancy after discovering that tranquilisers she had taken in the first few weeks of her pregnancy contained the drug Thalidomide.

1967: The Beatles hold a press conference at University College in Bangor, North Wales with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. The band announce that they have become disciples of the guru and that they renounce the use of drugs (no they didn’t).

1970: Joni Mitchell, Jethro Tull, Joan Baez, ELP, The Doors, The Who, Miles Davis, Free and Jimi Hendrix in his last performance in the UK, appear at the Isle of Wight Festival.

1972: The Olympic Games open in Munich, West Germany.

1974: Guinee-Bissau becomes independent of Portugal. On the same day, Soyuz 15 carries two cosmonauts to space station Salyut 3. Also, aviator Chalres Lindbergh dies of lymphoma aged 72.


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1975: Talks between Ian Smith’s Rhodesian Government and the African National Council collapse acrimoniously.

1977: The Sensational Alex Harvey Band, Thin Lizzy, Aerosmith, The Doobie Brothers, Uriah Heep and Hawkwind appear at the Reading Festival.

1980: On TV (Tuesday)


THAMES

09.30Afloat

10.00A Big Country

10.25World Famous Fairy Tales

10.40Young Ramsay

11.30The Bailey’s Bird

11.55Mr. Magoo

12.00Paperplay

12.10Pipkins

12.30The Sullivans

13.00News at One

13.20Thames News

13.30Crown Court

14.00After Noon Plus

14.25Mid-week Racing
from Epsom


15.45Tell Me Another

16.15The Sooty Show

16.45The Square Leopard

17.15A Sharp Intake of Breath

17.45News at 5.45

18.00Thames News

18.35Crossroads

19.00The Krypton Factor Final

19.30Theatre Royal

20.30Robin’s Nest
Comedy series tarring Richard O’Sullivan


21.00ITV Playhouse

22.00News at Ten

22.30Girl Talk

23.00Border Country


BBC ONE

06.40Open University

07.55Closedown

10.00Noah and Nelly

10.05Jackanory

10.20The Perils of Penelope Pitstop

10.40Take Hart

11.00Closedown

13.30Trumpton

13.45Midday News

14.00Closedown

14.50DechrauCanu

15.25Home on Sunday

16.13Regional News (exc London) |

16.15Play School

16.40Battle of the Planets

17.00Newsround

17.10Stopwatch

17.35Fred Basset

17.40Evening News

17.55Nationwide

18.20Medic 1-6

18.50Film: Roustabout (1964)
Starring Elvis Presley, Barbara Stanwyck and Raquel Welch.


20.30Potter
Comedy starring Arthur Lowe


21.00Nine O’Clock News

21.25Ladies from Hell

22.15Play for Today: Just a Boy’s Game
Starring singer Frankie Miller


23.25News Headlines and Weather


BBC TWO

06.40Open University

07.55Closedown

11.00Play School

11.25Closedown

16.50Open University

18.55To Catch a Trout

19.20Mid-Evening News

19.30Live from the Proms
BBC2 joins with Radio 3 in stereo for a live relay of the first half of tonight’s Henry Wood Promenade Concert from the Royal Albert Hall


20.35My Music

21.00The Six Wives of Henry VIII
Episode 5: Catherine Howard


22.30Festival 80

22.55Newsnight

1981: Voyager 2 takes photos of Saturn’s moon Titan.

1983: Floods destroy most of the old town of Bilbao, Spain.

1984: Singles chart:

  1. Careless Whisper – George Michael
  2. I Just Called To Say I Love You – Stevie Wonder
  3. Agadoo – Black Lace
  4. Like To Get To Know You Well – Howard Jones
  5. Self Control – Laura Brannigan
  6. Passengers – Elton John
  7. Dr Beat – Miami Sound Machine
  8. Whatever I Do (Wherever I Go) – Hazel Dean
  9. Two Tribes – Frankie Goes To Hollywood
  10. Stuck on You – Trevor Walters
1984: Queen – The Works

Album chart:

  1. Now That’s What I Call Music 3 – Various Artists
  2. Private Dancer – Tina Turner
  3. Can’t Slow Down – Lionel Richie
  4. Legend – Bob Marley & The Wailers
  5. Diamond Life – Sade
  6. The Works – Queen
  7. Parade – Spandau Ballet
  8. Phil Fearon and Galaxy – Phil Fearon & Galaxy
  9. Human’s Lib – Howard Jones
  10. Thriller – Michael Jackson

1985: Zola Budd smashes the world 5,000m record at Crystal Palace with a time of 14 minutes 48.07 seconds.

1993: Peter Reid is sacked as manager of Manchester City. On the same day, a double sided acetate of The Beatles performing at The Cavern in Liverpool sells for £16,500 at auction at Christie’s in London.

1994: Arthur Cornhill is given the world’s first battery-operated heart in a pioneering operation at Papworth Hospital, Cambs. On the same day, singer Frankie Miller suffers a massive brain haemorrhage in New York, leaving him in a coma for five months.

1997: Chad Smith, drummer with the Red Hot Chili Peppers is admitted to hospital after crashing his motorbike on Sunset Boulevard.

1999: Michael Johnson of the US breaks the 400m world record with a time of 43.18 seconds.

2004: Singer Laura Brannigan dies of a brain aneurysm.

2005: Northern Irish politician Gerry Fitt dies aged 79.

2012: 17 villagers in Afghanistan’s Kajaki district are beheaded by an unknown organisation.

2013: All 25,000 applicants to the University of Liberia fail their entrance examination.

2014: Kate Bush makes her stage comeback at Hammersmith Apollo to an ecstatic response from fans at her first live concert for 35 years. The 22 shows sold out in 15 minutes. On the same day, the Democratic Republic of Congo’s health ministry informs the WHO of an outbreak of Ebola; later confirmed as a different strain to that affecting west Africa.

2015: TV reporter Alison Parker and cameraman Adam Ward are fatally shot live on TV by an ex-colleague in Moneta, Virginia.

2016: San Francisco 49ers player Colin Kaepernick kneels in protest during the US national anthem at San Diego’s Qualcomm Stadium while playing against the San Diego Chargers, objecting to racial injustice and police brutality in the US.

2017: Half a million people take part in a peace march in Barcelona, following terrorist attacks.

2018: Emmerson Mnangagwa is sworn in as President of Zimbabwe. On the same day, Pope Francis asks for forgiveness in a speech on child abuse in Dublin, during first papal visit to Ireland since 1979. Meanwhile Archbishop Carlo Maria Vigano, former US Vatican Ambassador, claims The Pope knew of and ignored sex abuse allegations against Cardinal Theodore McCarrick. Also, playwright Neil Simon dies aged 91.

2019: At a meeting in Biarritz, the G7 agrees on a $20 million aid package to fight fires in the Amazon. Leonardo DiCaprio’s environmental organization Earth Alliance donates $5million.

2021: Two bomb blasts at Kabul Airport, Afghanistan, kill at least 60 people, including 12 US soldiers, amid international efforts to evacuate citizens out of the country.

Chris Pine

BIRTHDAYS: Moe Tucker, drummer (Velvet Underground), 79; Alison Steadman, actress, 77; Valerie Simpson, singer/songwriter, 75; Steve Wright, broadcaster, 69; Branford Marsalis, jazz saxophonist, 63; Shirley Manson, singer (Garbage), 57; Michael Gove MP, cabinet minister, 56; Chris Boardman, cyclist, 55; Melissa McCarthy, actress/screenwriter, 53; Sir James Duddridge MP, politician, 52; Mike Colter, actor, 47; Chris Pine, actor, 43; Macaulay Culkin, actor, 43.

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