1189: Crusaders begin the Siege of Acre under Guy of Lusignan.
1521: Belgrade is captured by troops of Turkish Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent.
1609: Explorer Henry Hudson discovers and explores Delaware Bay.
1640: Charles I’s army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn.
1749: Birth of writer and philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in Frankfurt.
1789: William Herschel discovers Saturn’s moon Enceladus.
1837: Pharmacists John Lea and William Perrins manufacture Worcestershire Sauce.
1850: Richard Wagner’s opera “Lohengrin” premieres at Weimar, Germany.
1859:A geomagnetic storm causes the Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis) to shine so brightly that it is seen clearly over parts of USA, Europe, and even as far afield as Japan.
1884: The first known photograph of a tornado is taken near Howard, South Dakota, by F N Robinson.
1898: Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink “Pepsi-Cola”.
1906: Birth of poet laureate John Betjeman in London.
1914: The British fleet beats the Germans at the Battle of Helgoland.
1916: Germany declares war on Romania. Italy declares war on Germany.
1917: Birth of Marvel Comics cartoonist Jack Kirby.
1919: John Smuts becomes premier of South Africa.
1924: Georgia stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union.
1938: Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria.
1939: Journalist Care Hollingworth observes “large numbers of troops, literally hundreds of tanks, armored cars and field guns” Germany had aligned along the Polish border.
1943: Denmark declares a universal strike against Nazi occupiers.
1955: Teenager Emmett Til, 14, is kidnapped and lynched in Money, Mississippi.
1963: Dr Martin Luther King gives his iconic “I have a dream” speech to a quarter of a million civil rights protesters at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC.
1964: The Beatles meet Bob Dylan for the first time at The Delmonico Hotel, New York where Dylan and mutual journalist friend Al Aronowitz introduce the band to marijuana. On the same day, a race riot breaks out in Philadelphia.
1965: The Rolling Stones announced that Allen Klein, who they had met three days earlier, would co-manage the group along with Andrew Loog Oldham. On the same day, Bob Dylan is booed for playing electric guitar at a concert in New York’s Forest Hills at the start of a world tour which saw him play half acoustic/half electric.
1967: Death of Charles Darrow, inventor of the board game Monopoly.
1968: Working at Trident Studios, London, the only 8-track facility in the country, The Beatles start recording a new John Lennon song “Dear Prudence” with Paul McCartney filling in on drums as Ringo Starr had walked out six days earlier and gone on holiday. On the same day, country singer Tammy Wynette records ‘Stand By Your Man’ at Epic studios after an idea that came from producer, Billy Sherrill. Wynette and Sherril completed the song in 15 minutes. Also, MP Gerry Fitt, tables a House of Commons motion criticising the Royal Ulster Constabulary at Dungannon “citizens of Northern Ireland should be allowed the same rights of peaceful demonstration as those in other parts of the United Kingdom”.
1972: Prince William of Gloucester is killed after his light aircraft crashes and bursts into flames during an air race near Wolverhampton. On the same day, Australian teenage swimmer Shane Gould sets a world record 2:23.07 to win the 200m individual medley at the Munich Olympics and Soviet gymnast Olga Korbut wins gold in the team event.
1977: Singles chart:
- Way Down – Elvis Presley
- Float On – The Floaters
- Angelo – Brotherhood of Man
- You Got What It Takes – Showaddywaddy
- Magic Fly – Space
- Nights On Broadway – Candi Staton
- The Crunch – The Rah Band
- That’s What Friends Are For – Deniece Williams
- Nobody Does It Better – Carly Simon
- Silver Lady – David Soul
- 20 All Time Greats – Connie Francis
- Oxygene – Jean Michel Jarre
- Rumours – Fleetwood Mac
- A Star Is Born – Original Soundtrack
- 40 Greatest – Elvis Presley
- Moody Blue – Elvis Presley
- Going For The One – Yes
- The Johnny Mathis Collection – Johnny Mathis
- I Remember Yesterday – Donna Summer
- Stranglers IV (Rattus Norvegicus) – The Stranglers
1978: Donald Vesco rides a 21′-long Kawasaki motorcycle at 318.598mph.
1981: Mott The Hoople producer Guy Stevens died aged 38 from an overdose of prescription drugs he was taking to reduce his alcohol dependency. On the same day, Sebastian Coe sets a record for the mile of 3:47.33.
1983: Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin resigns.
1985: East German couple Reinhard and Sonja Schulze of Cranford in Middlesex appear before Horseferry Road Magistrates Court in London facing espionage charges.
1988: 70 people are killed when three Italian air force fighters crash at an air show at Ramstein, Germany.
1993: A dam breaks in Qinghai West China, killing 223 people.
1994: Thousands of shops in England and Wales open legally for the first time following a change in the Sunday trading laws.
1996: Issac Hayes, who co-wrote the Sam and Dave’s classic ‘Soul Man’, sent a protest letter to presidential candidate Bob Dole, demanding Dole stop using his song, which supporters had changed to ‘I’m A Dole Man.’ On the same day, “Michael Collins” directed by Neil Jordan and starring Liam Neeson wins the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival.
1998: Pakistan’s National Assembly passes a constitutional amendment to make the “Qur’an and Sunnah” the “supreme law” but the bill is defeated in the Senate.
2003: Prime Minister Tony Blair tells the inquiry into the death of weapons expert Dr David Kelly he would have had to resign if claims in a BBC report that the government “sexed up” an Iraq weapons dossier were true. On the same day, an electricity blackout cuts off power to around 500,000 people living in south east England and brings 60% of the London Underground to a halt.
2004: Kelly Holmes wins 1500m gold in Athens and secures the middle distance double. On the same day, Britain wins gold in the 4×100 relay.
2009: Noel Gallagher quit Oasis minutes before a gig in Paris, saying he could no longer work with his brother Liam.
2013: China and Russia walk out of a UN Security Council meeting after the US pushes for immediate action against Syria’s use of chemical weapons.
2014: Former Jethro Tull bassist Glenn Cornick dies aged 67 from heart failure.
2019: Prime Minister Boris Johnson prorogues Parliament, suspending it for five weeks to limit opposition to a no deal Brexit.
BIRTHDAYS: Clem Cattini, drummer (The Tornadoes), 81; David Soul, actor/singer 77; Hugh Cornwell, singer-songwriter/guitarist (The Stranglers) 71; Wayne Osmond, guitarist (The Osmonds) 69; Daniel Stern, actor, 63; Ai Weiwei, artist, 63; Emma Samms (Elizabeth Wylie Samuelson) actress, 60; David Fincher, director, 58; Paul Allen, footballer, 58; Shania Twain (Eilleen Edwards) singer, 55; Billy Boyd, actor, 52; Jason Priestly, actor, 51; Mary McCartney, photographer, 51; Jack Black, actor/musician 51; LeAnn Rimes, singer, 38; Florence Welch, singer (Florence and the Machine) 34.