1261: Jacques Pantaleon is elected as Pope Urban IV.
1350: The English fleet under Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships at the Battle of Winchelsea.
1526: The Hungarian Empire is conquered by the Ottoman Empire led by Suleiman the Magnificent.
1640: Charles I signs a peace treaty with Scotland.
1708: British troops occupy Menorca and Sardinia.
1793: Slaves in Haiti are freed.
1799: Death of Pope PiusVI.
1831: Michael Faraday demonstrates the first electric transformer.
1833: Britain’s Slavery Abolition Act becomes law.
1842: Britain and China sign the Treaty of Nanking, ending the Opium War.
1862: The Second Battle of Bull Run, fought in Manassas, Virginia begins.
1864: William Huggins discovers the chemical composition of nebulae.
1883: Seismic sea waves created by the eruption of Krakatoa create a rise in the English Channel 32 hours after the explosion.
1885: Gottlieb Daimler receives the German patent for a motorcycle. On the same day, boxing’s first heavyweight title fight with 3-oz gloves and 3-minute rounds takes place between John L Sullivan and Dominick McCaffrey.
1896: Chop suey is invented in New York City by the chef of the visiting Chinese Ambassador.
1898: The Goodyear tyre company is founded.
1900: Gaetano Bresci, the assassin of King Umberto I of Italy, is tried and sentenced to life imprisonment.
1914: New Zealand forces capture German Samoa.
1916: Paul von Hindenburg replaces Von Falkenhayn as German chief of staff.
1920: Birth of jazz saxophonist, Charlie Parker in Kansas.
1929: Aviator Anne Morrow Lindbergh makes her first solo flight.
1941: The German Einsatzkommando in Russia kills 1,469 Jewish children.
1943: The Danish Navy scuttles its warships so as not to be taken by Germany.
1945: The British liberate Hong Kong from Japan.
1950: British troops arrive in Korea to bolster US forces. On the same day, the International Olympic Committee votes to admit West Germany and Japan in 1952.
1953: The USSR explodes its first hydrogen bomb.
1958: George Harrison joins The Quarrymen after auditioning for John Lennon on the top deck of a Liverpool bus.
1960: Jordan’s premier Hazza-el-Madjali is fatally injured in a bomb attack. On the same day, Dawn Fraser wins the blue ribband 100m freestyle gold medal at the Rome Olympics.
1965: Gemini V returns to Earth.
1966: The Beatles play their last concert before a paying audience at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
1967: The final TV episode of “The Fugitive” starring David Janssen is watched by an American audience of 78 million people.
1975: Death of former Irish president Eamon de Valera aged 92.
1976: Singer Jimmy Reed dies in San Francisco following an epileptic seizure just before his 51st birthday. On the same day, The Clash, The Sex Pistols and The Buzzcocks appear at a showcase event at The Screen On The Green, Islington.
1977: Three people are arrested in Memphis after trying to steal Elvis Presley’s body.
1981: The two-day Rock on the Tyne festival begins in Gateshead, featuring Ian Dury, Elvis Costello, U2, Rory Gallagher and Lindisfarne.
1982: Hollywood star Ingrid Bergman dies on her 67th birthday.
1985: TV on this day (Thursday)
|06.15||TV-am: Good Morning Britain|
|09.25||Thames News Headlines|
|09.30||The Little Rascals|
|12.10||Mooncat and Co.|
|13.00||News at One|
|13.30||Little House on the Prairie|
|14.25||Home Cookery Club|
|14.30||Something to Treasure|
|15.00||Take the High Road|
|15.25||Thames News Headlines|
|15.30||Sons and Daughters|
|16.45||Garfield in the Rough|
|17.45||News at 5.45|
|18.25||What It’s Worth|
|19.30||Film: Smokey and the Bandit II (1980) |
Comedy starring Burt Reynolds
|21.25||Thames New Season Preview|
|21.30||Seeds of Hope|
|22.00||News at Ten|
Starring Telly Savalas
|23.30||Belief in Action|
|14.30||Film: Chance of a Lifetime (1950) |
Depiction of industrial relations during post war austerity, starring, directed and co-written by Bernard Miles.
|16.10||The Three Stooges|
|16.30||The Gong Show|
|17.00||TV Movie: Ice Castles (1978) |
Romantic drama about a young figure skater
|19.00||Channel Four News|
|21.00||The Weekly’s War|
|09.20||The Pink Panther Show|
|09.40||The Red Hand Gang|
|10.25||C-P and Qwikstitch|
|10.50||Cricket: Sixth Test |
England v Australia from The Oval
|13.05||News After Noon|
|13.40||Cricket: Sixth Test|
|18.00||The Six O’Clock News|
|18.35||Regional news magazines|
|19.55||Top of the Pops |
Introduced by Janice Long and John Peel. Featuring Bananarama, Madness and The Thompson Twins.
|20.25||The Laughter Show |
Starring Les Dennis and Dustin Gee
|21.00||The Nine O’Clock News|
|21.25||Crimewatch UK |
with Nick Ross and Sue Cook
|09.00||Pages from Ceefax|
|16.15||Cricket: Sixth Test|
|18.15||Leonard Nimoy: Star Trek Memories|
|19.05||Sgt Bilko |
It’s For The Birds – classic comedy series starring Phil Silvers
|21.25||Alec Clifton-Taylor’s English Towns|
|21.55||Summer Season: After You Hugo|
|23.30||Cricket: Sixth Test|
1986: Britain’s oldest twins May and Marjorie Chavasse celebrate their 100th birthday.
1987: Actor Lee Marvin dies of a heart attack aged 63.
1990: Elton John checks into a rehab center in Chicago to receive treatment for bulimia, alcoholism and drugs.
2003: Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, is assassinated in a terrorist bombing, along with nearly 100 worshippers as they leave a mosque in Najaf.
2004: Ferrari driver Michael Schumacher clinches his fifth straight Formula 1 World Drivers Championship with a second place in the Belgian Grand Prix.
- These Words – Natasha Bedingfield
- Baby Cakes – 3 Of A Kind
- Dumb – 411
- She Will Be Loved – Maroon 5
- Guns Don’t Kill People Rappers Do – Goldie Looking Chain
- Thunderbirds – Busted
- Dry Your Eyes – The Streets
- Caught In A Moment – The Sugarbabes
- Is It Cos I’m Cool – Mousse T ft Emma Lanford
- Stand Up Tall – Dizee Rascal
- Always Outnumbered Never Outgunned – The Prodigy
- Songs About Jane – Maroon 5
- Hopes And Fears – Keane
- Anastacia – Anastacia
- Scissor Sisters – Scissor Sisters
- Final Straw – Snow Patrol
- A Grand Don’t Come For Free – The Streets
- Everyone Is Here – The Finn Brothers
- Confessions – Usher
- Under My Skin – Avril Lavigne
2005: Hurricane Katrina hits New Orleans, flooding 80% of the city when defensive barriers are overwhelmed (or some claim deliberately breached to save more affluent areas).
2009: The LA coroner confirmed Michael Jackson’s death was homicide, primarily caused by the powerful anaesthetic Propofol and the sedative Lorazepam. On the same day, Cristiano Ronaldo makes his debut for Real Madrid.
2012: The USADA strips drugs cheat Lance Armstrong of his seven Tour de France titles.
2014: Riots break out in Guinea following rumours that health workers are deliberately transmitting the Ebola virus to locals.
2016: Death of actor/writer Gene Wilder aged 83.
2018: Germany hands back human remains of Namibian Herero and Nama people murdered during 1904-08 genocide at church service in Berlin. On the same day, former Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond resigns from the Scottish National Party amid sexual abuse allegations.
BIRTHDAYS: William Friedkin, director, 85; Elliott Gould, actor, 82; Dick Halligan Keyboards, flute (Blood Sweat and Tears) 77; Chris Copping, bassist (Procol Harum) 75; Diamanda Galás, singer/composer, 65; Elizabeth Fraser, singer (Cocteau Twins) 62; Sir Lenny Henry, actor/comedian, 62; Rebecca De Mornay, actress, 61; Eddi Reader, singer, 61; Carla Gugino, actress, 49; Lea Michele (Sarfati) actress, 34; Liam Payne, singer (One Direction) 27.