It happened today – this day in history – August 30

1146: European leaders outlaw the crossbow, intending to end war for all time.

1751: George Frideric Handel completes his oratorio “Jephtha”.

1797: Birth of author Mary Shelley.

1835: Melbourne, Australia is founded.

1862: The Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Virginia, ends with a Confederate victory over Union forces.

1900: The last 2,000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt, South Africa, are freed.

1901: Hubert Cecil Booth patents the vacuum cleaner.

1914: The Battle of Tannenberg ends in a victory for Germany on the Eastern Front and the destruction of the Russian 2nd Narev army.

1918: Fanya Kaplan attempts but fails to assassinate Lenin, the new leader of Soviet Russia.

1932: Hermann Goering is elected chairman of the Reichstag.

1937: Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr for the heavyweight boxing title.

1938: Death of cosmetics manufacturer Max Factor.

1939: Poland mobilizes as German forces gather on its border.

1941: The Siege of Leningrad by German troops begins. On the same day, Winston Churchill is the first national leader to approve a nuclear programme.

1942: Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg.

1944: Soviet troops enter Bucharest, Romania.

1949: Hank Williams goes into Herzog Studio in Cincinnati to record ‘I’m So Lonesome I Could Cry’.

1956: A white mob prevents enrolment of black students at Mansfield High School, Texas.

1960: East Germany imposes a partial blockade on West Berlin.

1961: The last Spanish troops leave Morocco.

1963: A hotline communication link between the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. and the Kremlin in Moscow is installed. On the same day, Soviet spy Guy Burgess dies of liver failure at 52.

1968: Senior members of the Royal Family attend the funeral of Princess Marina, the Duchess of Kent.

1969: More than 150,000 people attend the second Isle Of Wight festival featuring Bob Dylan, The Band, Joe Cocker, Free, The Who, The Moody Blues and The Nice.

1972: John Lennon and Yoko Ono played Madison Square Gardens to raise money for the One to One charity. Lennon bought $60,000 worth of tickets which were given to volunteers. On the same day, Australian teenage swimmer Shane Gould with a world record 4:19.04 for the 400m, wins her second of 3 gold medals at the Munich Olympics and Russian gymnast Ludmilla Tourischeva wins the individual all-round competition.

1974: An express train runs at full speed into a rail yard in Zagreb, Yugoslavia, killing 153 people.

1976: More than 100 police officers are taken to hospital after clashes at the Notting Hill Carnival.

1979: The first recorded occurrence of a comet hitting the sun releases energy equal to one million hydrogen bombs. On the same day, John McEnroe defeats Ilie Nastase 6-4, 4-6, 6-3, 6-2 in the US Open. Nastase is defaulted by the umpire then reinstated. Also, actress Jean Seberg commits suicide at 40.

1980: Striking Polish workers win a sweeping victory in a battle with their Communist rulers for the right to independent trade unions and the right to strike.

1981: Singles chart:

  1. Tainted Love – Soft Cell
  2. Japanese Boy – Aneka
  3. Love Action (I Believe In Love) – The Human League
  4. Hold On Tight – ELO
  5. Hooked on Classics – The Royal Phiharmonic Orchestra
  6. She’s Got Claws – Gary Numan
  7. One In Ten – UB40
  8. Green Door – Shakin’ Stevens
  9. Abacab – Genesis
  10. The Caribbean Disco Show – Lobo
1981: The Pretenders

Album chart:

  1. Time – ELO
  2. Love Songs – Cliff Richard
  3. Duran Duran – Duran Duran
  4. Secret Combination – Randy Crawford
  5. Official BBC Album Of The Royal Wedding – Original Soundtrack
  6. Shot Of Love – Bob Dylan
  7. Present Arms – UB40
  8. Hi Infidelity – REO Speedwagon
  9. Classic Rock – Rock Classics – The London Symphony Orchestra
  10. Pretenders II – The Pretenders

1982: Leader of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, Yasser Arafat, leaves his Beirut headquarters after more than a decade as ge is forced out of Lebanon by invading Israeli forces.

1985: Jazz drummer Philly Joe Jones dies from a heart attack aged 62.

1986: Soviet authorities arrest American journalist Nicholas Daniloff.

1987: Carl Lewis wins gold in the 100m at the World Athletics Championships after Canadian Ben Johnson is disqualified.

1988: Bruce Springsteen’s wife wife Julianne filed for a divorce.

1989: Izzy Stradlin from Guns N’ Roses was arrested for making a public disturbance on a US air flight. Stradlin had urinated on the floor, verbally abused a stewardess and smoked in the non-smoking section of the aircraft. On the same day, director Roman Polanski marries actress Emmanuelle Seigner.

1992: Suede, Ride, Public Enemy, Manic Street Preachers and Nirvana in their last UK appearance played at the Reading Festival.

1994: Death of director Lindsay Anderson aged 71.

1995: Sterling Morrison founder member of the Velvet Underground died of cancer at his home in New York City.

2003: Veteran actor Charles Bronson dies aged 81.

2006: Actor Glen Ford dies aged 90.

2013: Irish poet, playwright and Nobel Laureate Seamus Heaney dies aged 74.

2015: Author Frederick Forsyth reveals that he worked for MI6 for more than 20 years. On the same day, rapper Kanye West announces he will run for US President in 2020. Also, director Wes Craven dies aged 76.

2016: Singer Chris Brown was arrested on suspicion of assault with a deadly weapon after a beauty queen told police he had threatened her with a gun.

2017: Late author Terry Prachett’s unfinished works are destroyed by steamroller as per his instructions. On the same day, Hurricane Irma forms near the Cape Verde Islands.

2019: Actress Valerie Harper dies aged 80.

BIRTHDAYS: Fred Tackett, guitarist/songwriter (Little Feat), 75; Micky Moody, guitarist (Whitesnake) 70; Antony Gormley, sculptor, 70; Dana (Rosemary Brown) singer, 69; Horace Panter, bassist (The Specials) 67; Paul Oakenfold, producer, remixer, DJ, 57; Michael Chiklis, actor, 57; Cameron Diaz, actress, 48; Andy Roddick tennis star, 38.

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Mick Ferris

Editor Email: [email protected]