It happened today – this day in history – August 30

1146: European leaders outlaw the crossbow, intending to end war for all time.

1751: George Frideric Handel completes his oratorio “Jephtha”.

1797: Birth of author Mary Shelley.

1835: Melbourne, Australia is founded.

1862: The Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Virginia, ends with a Confederate victory over Union forces.

1900: The last 2,000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt, South Africa, are freed.

1901: Hubert Cecil Booth patents the vacuum cleaner.

1914: The Battle of Tannenberg ends in a victory for Germany on the Eastern Front and the destruction of the Russian 2nd Narev army.

1918: Fanya Kaplan attempts but fails to assassinate Lenin, the new leader of Soviet Russia.

1932: Hermann Goering is elected chairman of the Reichstag.

1937: Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr for the heavyweight boxing title.

1938: Death of cosmetics manufacturer Max Factor.

1939: Poland mobilizes as German forces gather on its border.

1941: The Siege of Leningrad by German troops begins. On the same day, Winston Churchill is the first national leader to approve a nuclear programme.

1942: Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg.

1944: Soviet troops enter Bucharest, Romania.

1949: Country singer-songwriter Hank Williams goes into Herzog Studio in Cincinnati to record I’m So Lonesome I Could Cry.

1956: A white mob prevents enrolment of black students at Mansfield High School, Texas.

1960: East Germany imposes a partial blockade of West Berlin.

1961: The last Spanish troops leave Morocco.

1963: A hotline communication link between the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. and the Kremlin in Moscow is installed. On the same day, Soviet spy Guy Burgess dies of liver failure at 52.

1969: The second Isle of Wight Festival begins with Bob Dylan, The Who, The Band, Joe Cocker, Family, The Moody Blues and The Nice performing to a crowd of 150,000.

1970: Singles chart:

  1. The Wonder Of You – Elvis Presley
  2. Tears Of A Clown – Smokey Robinson and the Miracles
  3. Mama Told Me (Not To Come) – Three Dog Night
  4. Rainbow – Marmalade
  5. Give Me Just A Little More Time – Chairman of the Board
  6. Neanderthal Man – Hotlegs
  7. Make It With You – Bread
  8. 25 or 6 to 4 – Chicago
  9. Something – Shirley Bassey
  10. Sweet Inspiration – Johnny Johnson and the Bandwagon
1970: The Beatles – Let It Be

Album chart:


  1. A Question Of Balance – The Moody Blues
  2. Bridge Over Troubled Water – Simon and Garfunkel
  3. Let It Be – The Beatles
  4. On Stage, February 1970 – Elvis Presley
  5. Paint Your Wagon – Original Soundtrack
  6. In Rock – Deep Purple
  7. World Of Johnny Cash – Johnny Cash
  8. Something – Shirley Bassey
  9. Led Zeppelin II – Led Zeppelin
  10. Easy Rider – Original Soundtrack

1972: John Lennon and Yoko Ono play Madison Square Gardens to raise money for the One to One charity. Stevie Wonder and Roberta Flack also appear. Lennon bought $60,000 worth of tickets which were given to volunteers. On the same day, Australian teenage swimmer Shane Gould with a world record 4:19.04 for the 400m, wins her second of 3 gold medals at the Munich Olympics and Russian gymnast Ludmilla Tourischeva wins the individual all-round competition.

1974: An express train runs at full speed into a rail yard in Zagreb, Yugoslavia, killing 153 people.

1976: More than 100 police officers are taken to hospital after clashes at the Notting Hill Carnival in west London.

1979: The first recorded occurrence of a comet hitting the sun releases energy equal to one million hydrogen bombs. On the same day, John McEnroe defeats Ilie Nastase 6-4, 4-6, 6-3, 6-2 in the US Open. Nastase is defaulted by the umpire then reinstated. Also, actress Jean Seberg commits suicide at 40.

1980: Striking Polish workers win a sweeping victory in a battle with their Communist rulers for the right to independent trade unions and the right to strike.

1982: PLO leader Yasser Arafat is forced out of his Beirut headquarters after more than a decade.

1985: Jazz drummer Philly Joe Jones dies from a heart attack aged 62.

1986: Soviet authorities arrest American journalist Nicholas Daniloff.

1987: Carl Lewis is awarded gold in the 100m at the World Athletics Championships after Canadian Ben Johnson is disqualified.

1989: Izzy Stradlin from Guns N’ Roses is arrested for making a public disturbance on a US flight. He had urinated on the floor, verbally abused a stewardess and smoked in the non-smoking section of the aircraft.

1992: Nirvana play their last set in the UK at the Reading Festival with Kurt Cobain brought onstage in a wheelchair parodying speculation about his mental health.

1994: Director Lindsay Anderson dies aged 71.

1995: Sterling Morrison founder member of the Velvet Underground dies aged 53 of cancer.

2001: Former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic is informed by the International War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague that he is to be charged with genocide – the most serious of all war crimes.

2003: Veteran actor Charles Bronson dies aged 81.

2004: Sir Bobby Robson is sacked as manager of Newcastle United.

2006: Actor Glen Ford dies aged 90.

2013: Irish poet, playwright and Nobel Laureate Seamus Heaney dies aged 74.

2015: Author Frederick Forsyth reveals that he worked for MI6 for more than 20 years. On the same day, rapper Kanye West announces he will run for US President in 2020. Also, director Wes Craven dies aged 76.

2016: Singer Chris Brown is arrested on suspicion of assault with a deadly weapon after a beauty queen tells police he had threatened her with a gun.

2017: Late author Terry Prachett’s unfinished works are destroyed by steamroller as per his instructions. On the same day, Hurricane Irma forms near the Cape Verde Islands.

2019: Actress Valerie Harper dies aged 80.

BIRTHDAYS: John McNally, guitarist (The Searchers) 80; Fred Tackett, guitarist/songwriter (Little Feat), 76; Peggy Lipton, actress, 75; Micky Moody, guitarist (Whitesnake) 71; Antony Gormley, sculptor, 71; Dana, (Rosemary Brown), singer, 70; Peter Withe, footballer, 70; Horace Panter, bassist (The Specials) 68; Alexander Lukashenko, president of Belarus, 67; Muriel Gray, author/broadcaster/journalist, 63; Paul Oakenfold, DJ/producer, 58; Michael Chiklis, actor, 58; Cameron Diaz, actress, 49; Angel Coulby, actress, 41; Andy Roddick, tennis star, 39; Rachael Price, singer (Lake Street Dive) 36.