910: The last major Viking army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward and Earl Aethelred in what is now part of Wolverhampton.
1100: Henry I is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.
1305: William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.
1388: The Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northumberland.
1543: French and Turkish troops occupy Nice.
1583: Humphrey Gilbert claims Newfoundland for the British crown.
1716: Habsburgs under Eugene of Savoy defeat the Turks at the battle of Petrovaradin.
1745: Jacobite forces capture British company of troops under Captain Scott.
1763: British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac’s native American Indians at Bushy Run.
1792: Death of former British prime minister Lord North, aged 60.
1846: Oregon territory is divided between the US and Britain at the 49th parallel.
1861: The US Army abolishes flogging.
1882: Martial law is imposed in Japan.
1884: The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty is laid on Bedloe’s Island, New York.
1901: Peter O’Connor of Ireland, sets the first officially recognised world long jump record at 24′ 11 3/4″ in Dublin.
1905: The first meeting of the Russian and Japanese peace commissioners takes place in US President Theodore Roosevelt’s home in Oyster Bay, New York state.
1914: Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico and Argentina proclaim neutrality in the First World War. On the same day, in the first battle of the war, the Germans launch a massive assault on forts around the Belgium city of Liège and Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary.
1917: British troops attack the canal of Ypres in Boesinghe, Belgium.
1918: The last German air raid on England occurs, with four Zeppelins dropping bombs in the Midlands and the north east.
1925: Plaid Cymru is formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language.
1936: US athlete Jesse Owens wins the 200m in world record time (20.7) for his third gold medal of the Berlin Olympics.
1943: During the Battle of Troina, Mount Etna erupts sending ash and lava miles into the sky.
1944: German forces begin the mass killing of between 40,000 and 50,000 Polish civilians in the Wola district of Warsaw.
1949: An earthquake hits Quito, Ecuador, killing 6,000 people.
1957: The comic strip “Andy Capp” makes its debut in The Daily Mirror.
1960: Burkina Faso declares independence from France.
1962: Hollywood icon Marilyn Monroe is found dead in bed at her home in LA.
1963: Craig Breedlove sets the world land speed record of 407.477mph in Spirit of America on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah.
1964: The US begins bombing North Vietnam. On the same day, Mel Brooks marries actress Anne Bancroft at the Manhattan Marriage Bureau.
1968: Country guitarist Luther Perkins died at the age of 40 as a result of severe burns and smoke inhalation after falling asleep in his home with a cigarette in his hand.
1969: George Harrison had his new Moog synthesizer brought into the studio for The Beatles to use in finishing their forthcoming album Abbey Road. It was immediately used to overdub a synth line onto the end of the song Because. On the same day, Mariner 7 flies past Mars and the UVF plants its first bomb in the Republic of Ireland, damaging the RTÉ Television Centre in Dublin.
1970: Black Panther leader Huey Newton is freed from jail after two trials ended in hung juries and the district attorney decides against a fourth.
1973: Two Arab gunmen open fire on a crowded passenger lounge at Athens airport, killing three and wounding 55.
- I’m The Leader Of The Gang – Gary Glitter
- Welcome Home – Peters and Lee
- Alright Alright Alright – Mungo Jerry
- 48 Crash – Suzi Quatro
- Yesterday Once More – The Carpenters
- Going Home – The Osmonds
- Life On Mars – David Bowie
- Spanish Eyes – Al Martino
- The Ying Tong Song – The Goons
- Bad Bad Boy – Nazareth
- That’ll Be The Day – Various Artists
- We Can Make It – Peters and Lee
- Aladdin Sane – David Bowie
- Now and Then – The Carpenters
- Hunky Dory – David Bowie
- The Dark Side Of The Moon – Pink Foyd
- And I Love You So – Perry Como
- The Beatles 67-70 – The Beatles
- Love Devotion Surrender – Carlos Santana and John McLoughlin
- The Foreigner – Cat Stevens
1974: US President Richard Nixon admits he withheld information about the Watergate break-in.
1975: The Forestry Commission warns that Dutch elm disease, which has already affected 3 million trees, is spreading. On the same day, drummer Sandy West and guitarist Joan Jett formed The Runaways, the first ever all female heavy rock band after being introduced by producer Kim Fowley. Singer Cherie Currie, guitarist Lita Ford and bassist Jackie Fox completed the line-up.
1981: True to his word, President Regan fires 11,500 striking air traffic controllers.
1983: Twenty two members of the IRA are jailed for a total of more than 4,000 years after one of Northern Ireland’s biggest mass trials. On the same day, singer-songwriter David Crosby was sentenced to five years in jail in Texas for cocaine and firearms offences. Crosby had slept through most of his trial.
1984: American Joan Benoit wins first Olympic marathon for women (2:24:52) at the LA Games. On the same day, Edwin Moses wins the 400m hurdles gold medal, his 105th consecutive race victory. Also, actor Richard Burton dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at 58.
1986: Keyboard player Michael Rudetsky is found dead at Boy George’s London home in Hampstead. On the same day, Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway sets the 5,000m world record (14:37.33) in Stockholm.
1989: The NASA Venus probe Magellan is launched from the Space shuttle. On the same day, General elections are held in Nicaragua with the Sandinista Front winning a majority.
1992: Jeff Porcaro, drummer with the band Toto, died age 38, supposedly after an allergic reaction to pesticide he had been using on his garden.
1994: Billy Idol is admitted to hospital after a drug overdose.
1995: The city of Knin, a significant Serb stronghold, is captured by Croatian forces. On the same day, the Athletics World Championships open at Gothenburg, Sweden.
1997: Ramzi Yousef, mastermind of the first world trade centre bombing in New York goes on trial.
2000: Police were called to Gary Glitter’s west London home after a crowd gathered outside and started to shout abuse. The former pop star and convicted paedophile was back in London to attend to business affairs before heading abroad again. On the same day, actor Sir Alec Guinness died of liver cancer aged 86.
2003: A car bomb explodes in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta outside the Marriott Hotel killing 12 and injuring 150.
2007: DNA testing on about a dozen people who claimed late soul star James Brown was their father revealed that at least two of them were telling the truth.
2008: Singer, songwriter Robert Hazard, who wrote the Cyndi Lauper hit “Girls Just Wanna Have Fun” died after surgery for pancreatic cancer.
2009: Aerosmith singer Steven Tyler was airlifted to hospital after falling off stage during a gig at the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally in South Dakota.
2011: A rogue Polar Bear attacks and kills a British schoolboy on Svelbard, an archipelago off the coast of Norway. On the same day, NASA launches its Juno space probe from Cape Canaveral to orbit and study Jupiter.
2012: A gunman opens fire on a Sikh temple in Oak Creek, Wisconsin killing six people before committing suicide.
2013: Musician, composer, singer and producer George Duke died from chronic lymphocytic leukemia aged 67. On the same day, the world’s first bovine stem cell lab-grown burger is eaten in London.
2015: A fishing boat carrying around 600 migrants sinks off the coast of Libya. 373 are rescued. On the same day, actor George Cole dies aged 90.
2016: The Summer Olympic Games officially open in the Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
2017: The UN Security Council votes to impose sanctions on North Korea for its continued missile program.
2018: Swimmer Adam Peaty breaks his own world record in 57.00 as he wins his ninth European 100m breaststroke title in Glasgow.
2019: Strikes in Hong Kong and demonstrations against Chinese policy towards the territory bring huge disruption. On the same day, Brazilian drug dealer Clauvino da Silva tries and fails to escape Rio de Janeiro jail by dressing up as his teenage daughter.
BIRTHDAYS: Airto Moreira, percussionist (Weather Report/Miles Davis) 79; Rick Derringer (Zehringer), guitarist, 73; Willie Weeks, bassist, 73; Ray Clemence, goalkeeper, 72; Eddie “Fingers” Ojeda, guitar, (Twisted Sister) 65; Louis Walsh, boyband manager, 63; Pat Smear (Georg Ruthenberg) guitarist (Foo Fighters) 61; Tawny Kitaen, actress, 59; Jennifer Finch, bassist, (L7) 54; James Gunn, director, 50; Dan Hipgrave, guitarist (Toploader) 45; Antony Cotton, actor, 45; Wayne Bridge, footballer, 40; Patrick Reed, golfer, 30.