1560: Birth of Elizabeth Bathory, Hungarian countess and most prolific female serial killer in history, in Nyírbátor.
1573: Francis Drake’s fleet returns to Plymouth after a year spent raiding for Spanish treasure.
1606: First performance of Shakespeare’s “Macbeth” in the Great Hall at Hampton Court Palace for James I.
1802: Napoleon orders the re-instatement of slavery on St Domingue (Haiti).
1914: Lord Kitchener “Your country needs you” poster appears across the UK. On the same day, Russia invades East Prussia .
1930: A large mob estimated at 2,000, lynch two young black men Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith in Marion, Indiana.
1933: The Iraqi Government slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Sumail.
1934: The US Court of Appeals upholds a lower court ruling striking down the government’s attempt to ban James Joyce’s novel “Ulysses”.
1936: Argentina wins the polo gold medal beating Britain 11-0 in the final at the Berlin Olympics, the last time the sport is contested at the Games.
1940: Churchill recognizes De Gaulle’s French government in exile. On the same day, Alsace Lorraine is annexed by Nazi Germany.
1942: The first American offensive in the Pacific during the Second World War at Guadalcanal. On the same day, the Dutch resistance bombs Rotterdam railway station.
1947: Adventurer Thor Heyerdahl and the crew of the Kon-Tiki crash into a reef in the Tuamotu Islands, French Polynesia, after 101 days crossing the Pacific Ocean.
1948: Fanny Blankers-Koen of the Netherlands wins her fourth track & field gold medal of the London Olympics as part of the Dutch 4 x 100m relay team.
1950: Ferdi Kübler becomes first Swiss rider to win the Tour de France.
1955: Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, begins selling its first transistor radios in Japan.
1956: The British government sends three aircraft carriers to Egypt.
1957: Comedy legend Oliver Hardy dies aged 65.
1958: Washington’s Court of Appeals quashes playwright Arthur Miller’s conviction for contempt of Congress after a two-year legal battle. Miller had been convicted for refusing to tell the House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) the names of alleged Communist writers with whom he attended five or six meetings in New York in 1947.
1959: Explorer 6 transmits the first TV photo of Earth from space.
1960: The Ivory Coast gains independence from France.
1964: Turkey begins an air attack on Greek Cypriots.
1966: A race riot breaks out in Lansing, Michigan.
1970: The Goose Lake International Music Festival was held in Leoni, Michigan. Over 200,000 fans attended the three day festival which features Jethro Tull, 10 Years After, Mountain, Chicago, Bob Seger, John Sebastian, The James Gang, The Stooges, The MC5 and Rod Stewart. On the same day, Christine Perfect joins Fleetwood Mac. Also, a shootout at Marin Courthouse in San Rafael, California, kills four including the presiding judge.
1971: Apollo 15 returns to Earth.
1972: Ugandan leader, Idi Amin, sets a 90-day deadline for the expulsion of most of the country’s Asians.
1976: US Viking 2 goes into Martian orbit after an 11-month flight from Earth.
1980: John Lennon began recording his final album, ‘Double Fantasy’ at The Hit Factory, in New York City.
- Give It Up – KC and The Sunshine Band
- Wherever I Lay My Hat – Paul Young
- IOU – Freeez
- Double Dutch – Malcolm McLaren
- Club Tropicana – Wham!
- The Crown – Gary Byrd
- Who’s That Girl – Eurythmics
- Long Hot Summer/Paris Match – The Style Council
- I’m Still Standing – Elton John
- Everything Counts – Depeche Mode
- The Very Best Of… – The Beach Boys
- 18 Greatest Hits – Michael Jackson Plus The Jackson 5
- Punch The Clock – Elvis Costello & The Attractions
- Fantastic – Wham!
- No Parlez – Paul Young
- Thriller – Michael Jackson
- The Crossing – Big Country
- You And Me Both – Yazoo
- The Principle Of Moments – Robert Plant
- Synchronicity – The Police
1984: Soul singer Esther Phillips died from liver and kidney failure aged 48.
1985: Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan’s first astronauts.
1987: Lynne Cox, 30, becomes the first woman to swim the Bering Strait from Alaska to Siberia.
1990: The US deploys troops to Saudi Arabia at the beginning of Operation Desert Shield.
1994: The first telephone link between Israel and Jordan.
1998: At least 200 people are killed and many more injured when the American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania are bombed.
2001: The government re-nationalises a private hospital for the first time, paying £27million for the luxury Heart Hospital just off Harley Street in central London. On the same day, harmonica player Larry Adler dies aged 87.
2003: Mechanic Amrozi bin Nurhasyim, 41, is convicted of the Bali nightclub bombings which killed 190 people in 2002.
2008: Elvis Presley’s peacock jumpsuit, was sold at auction for $300,000, making it the most expensive piece of Elvis memorabilia ever sold at an auction. On the same day, Georgia moves troops into self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Tskhinva who are supported by Russia at the beginning of the Russo-Georgian War.
2010: Robbie Williams marries actress Ayda Field in Beverly Hills.
2011: Marshall Grant, who played bass for Johnny Cash in the Tennessee Two, from 1954 to 1980, died at the age of 83.
2015: US Presidential hopeful Donald Trump says in a CNN interview that news anchor Mergyn Kelly had “blood coming out of her eyes, blood coming out of her wherever”.
2016: British swimmer Adam Peaty records a world record 57.13 to win the gold medal in the men’s 100m breaststroke at the Rio Olympics.
2018: China bans release of Winnie the Pooh movie “Christopher Robin”, after character used to mock Chinese President Xi Jinping. On the same day, Australia’s population hits 25 million according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
BIRTHDAYS: B J Thomas, singer, 78; Rodney Crowell, guitarist, 70; Alexei Sayle, comedian, 68; Bruce Dickinson, singer (Iron Maiden), airline pilot, 62; David Duchovny, actor, 60; Raul Malo, singer-songwriter/guitarist (The Mavericks) 55; Kristin Hersh, singer-songwriter/guitarist (Throwing Muses) 54; Dominic Cork, cricketer, 49; Michael Shannon, actor, 46; Charlize Theron, actress, 45; Samantha Ronson, DJ, 43; Tina O’Brien, actress, 37.