It happened today – this day in history – December 11

1282: Llywelyn ab Gruffydd/Llywelyn the last native Prince of Wales is killed at Cilmeri, near Builth Wells, south Wales.

1395: John “Eleanor” Rykener, a male cross-dressing prostitute, is brought to court in London for “committing that detestable unmentionable and ignominious vice” in late medieval England’s only recorded case on same-sex intercourse.

1620: The Mayflower Pilgrims come ashore at Plymouth Bay, Massachusetts. On the same day, military leader Myles Standish and a group of 18 settlers are attacked by 30 Native Americans, which becomes known as the “First Encounter”.

1688: James II is captured in Kent.

1730: Voltaire’s “Brutus” premieres in Paris.

1792: Louis XVI of France goes on trial accused of high treason and crimes against the state.

1803: Birth of French composer Hector Berlioz.

1816: Indiana becomes the 19th state of the Union.

1844: The first use of nitrous oxide in dentistry occurs in Hartford, Connecticut.

1866: The first yacht race across the Atlantic Ocean begins.

1878: British high commissioner Henry Bartle Frere presents an ultimatum to the Zulu Kingdom to submit to British rule or face war.

1902: The US signs a treaty with Cuba allowing for a 20 percent reduction of tariff rates on imported Cuban products.

1903: British forces march into Tibet.

1905: The Liberal government of Henry Campbell-Bannerman forms.

1908: Frederick Delius’ “In a Summer Garden” premieres in London.

1913: The “Mona Lisa” is recovered two years after it was stolen from the Louvre in Paris.

1916: David Lloyd George forms the British war government.

1917: German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia.

1928: Buenos Aires police thwart an assassination attempt on US President-elect Herbert Hoover.

1931: The Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland (Free State), and Newfoundland.

1937: Italy withdraws from the League of Nations.

1941: Germany and Italy declare war on the US.

1946: Spain is suspended from the UN.

1958: Burkina Faso gains autonomy from France.


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1959: Singles chart:

  1. What Do You Want? – Adam Faith
  2. What Do You Want To Make Those Eyes At Me For? – Emile Ford and the Checkmates
  3. Travellin’ Light – Cliff Richard and the Shadows
  4. Oh Carol – Neil Sedaka
  5. Seven Little Girls Sitting In The Back Seat – The Avons
  6. Red River Rock – Johnny and the Hurricanes
  7. Mack The Knife – Bobby Darin
  8. Put Your Head On My Shoulder – Paul Anka
  9. Teen Beat – Sandy Nelson
  10. Snow Coach – Russ Conway
1960: Elvis Presley – G I Blues

1960: Album chart:

  1. South Pacific – Original Soundtrack
  2. G I Blues – Elvis Presley
  3. Hi-Fi Companion Album – Ray Conniff
  4. The Black And White Minstrel Show – The George Mitchell Singers
  5. Me And My Shadows – Cliff Richard and the Shadows
  6. The Button Down Mind Of Bob Newhart – Bob Newhart
  7. Join Bing And Sing Along – Bing Crosby
  8. Down Drury Lane To Memory Lane – 101 Strings
  9. Party Time – Russ Conway
  10. Rhythms And Ballads Of Broadway – Johnny Mathis

1964: Singer Sam Cooke is shot dead by the manager at the Hacienda Motel in Los Angeles, who claims she opened fire in self defence. Police find Cooke’s body in Bertha Franklin’s apartment-office, wearing only a sports jacket and shoes. On the same day, Argentinian revolutionary Che Guevara speaks at the United Nations General Assembly. An unknown terrorist fires a mortar shell at the building during the speech.

1967: The People’s Front for the Liberation of Palestine is formed. On the same day, Concorde is shown for the first time in France.

1968: Filming begins for The Rolling Stones ‘Rock & Roll Circus’ with performances by Jethro Tull, The Who, Marianne Faithfull and a “supergoup” of Eric Clapton, John Lennon, Mitch Mitchell and Keith Richards. The Stones were unhappy with their own performance and withheld the film’s release for 28years. On the same say, Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O’Neill sacks Home Affairs Minister, William Craig.

On TV today (Wednesday)

THAMES
15.15Design For Christams
15.40Mad Movies
16.10Honey Lane
16.40The Tingha and Tucker Club
16.55Little Big Time
17.20Freewheelers
17.50News from ITN
18.04Today
18.45Mike and Bernie’s Show
Starring Mike and Bernie Winters
19.30Coronation Street
20.00The Avengers
Stars Patrick Macnee as Steed and Linda Thorson as Tara King.
21.00Party Political Broadcast
On behalf of the Conservative Party.
21.05The Sex Game
22.00News at Ten
22.30Horne A’Plenty
23.00Professional Wrestling

BBC ONE
09.15For Schools And Colleges
12.25Apna Hi Ghar Samajhiye
13.00Ryan A Ronnie
13.30Watch With Mother
13.45News and Weather
14.00For Schools And Colleges
16.00Skills For Managers
16.40Jackanory
16.55Journey To The Centre Of The Earth
17.15Animal Magic
17.44The Magic Roundabout
17.50News and Weather
18.00The Wednesday Show With David Jacobs
18.40Tomorrow’s World
A weekly look at the world’s fast-changing scientific, medical, and technological scene introduced by Raymond Baxter.
19.05The Newcomers
19.29News Headlines
19.30The Benny Hill Show
20.15B and B
Starring Bernard Braden and Barbara Kelly
20.40Points Of View
20.50The News
21.00A Party Political Broadcast
21.05Sword Of Honour
Dramatisation of the story by Evelyn Waugh starring Edward Woodward.
22.40Twenty-Four Hours
23.05International Football
Highlights of tonight’s England v Bulgaria game at Wembley
23.50News and Weather

BBC TWO
11.00Play School
19.00Make It My Place
19.30Newsroom
20.00Man Alive
Planners vs People
20.50The Cool Of The Evening
21.00A Party Political Broadcast
21.05The Hollywood Musical: A Song To Remember (1945)
The life of Frederic Chopin starring Cornel Wilde and Merle Oberon
22.55News Summary And The Weather
23.00Late Night Line-Up

1971: A bomb explodes outside a furniture showroom on the mainly-Protestant Shankill Road, Belfast. Four civilians (including two babies) are killed and 19 wounded.

1972: Apollo 17 astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt become the 11th and 12th people on the Moon.

1975: An Icelandic gunboat opens fire on unarmed British fishery support vessels in the North Atlantic as the cod war intensifies.

1979: The Rhodesian parliament passes a bill to end 14 years of illegal independence from Britain, transferring full authority to Lord Soames until elections can be held.

1981: Muhammad Ali loses his last fight to Trevor Berbick. On the same day,Javier Pérez de Cuélla of Peru is chosen as Secretary-General of the United Nations.

1982: The Jam play their last ever gig as a band in Brighton.

1986: Church leaders condemn a BBC radio campaign about AIDS for “condoning promiscuity”.

1994: Russian president Boris Yeltsin orders ground troops into Chechnya after a two-week bombing campaign fails to bring the break-away territory to heel.

1997: Delegates from 150 industrial nations attending a UN climate conference in Kyoto, Japan, reach agreement to control greenhouse gases.

2001: China joins the World Trade Organization.

2005: A series of massive explosions leads to an enormous fire at the Buncefield Oil Depot near Hemel Hempstead in Herts.

2008: Bernard Madoff is arrested and charged with securities fraud in $50 billion Ponzi scheme. On the same day, legendary pin-up model Bettie Page dies aged 85.

2012: Sitar player Ravi Shankar dies aged 92 after undergoing heart valve replacement surgery. On the same day, Professor Stephen Hawking wins the $3 million Fundamental Physics Prize, the most lucrative academic prize in the world.

2014: CIA Director John Brennan defends interrogation methods used after 9/11 but admits some methods were “abhorrent”. On the same day, the world’s first penis transplant procedure is carried out by a team from Stellenbosch University and Tygerberg Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa.

2015: Playboy magazine publishes its last nude issue.

2017: Saudi Arabia announces an end to its 35-year ban on cinemas. On the same day, TV presenter Keith Chegwin dies aged 60.

2019:Botanist and TV presenter, David Bellamy dies aged 86.

BIRTHDAYS: Rita Moreno, actress/dancer, 90; David Gates, singer-songwriter, 81; John Kerry, US envoy for climate, 78; Brenda Lee (Tarpley) singer, 77; Teri Garr, actress, 77; Chester Thompson, drummer, 73; Jermaine Jackson, bassist/singer (The Jacksons) 67; Nikki Sixx (Frank Feranna), bassist/songwriter (Motley Crue), 63; Chris Hughton, football manager, 63; Marco Pierre White, chef, 60; Darryl Jones, bassist, 60; Nigel Winterburn, football, 58; Justin Currie, singer-songwriter (Del Amitri) 57; Mos Def (Yasiin Bey) rapper/actor, 48; Ben Shephard, TV personality, 47; Leighton Baines, footballer, 37; Hailee Steinfeld, actress, 25.

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