It happened today – this day in history – December 11

1620: 102 Mayflower Pilgrims and about 30 crew land at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts. On that first day military leader Myles Standish and a group of 18 settlers are attacked by 30 Native Americans.

1688: King James II is captured in Kent.

1792: France’s Louis XVI goes on trial accused of high treason and crimes against the state.

1803: Birth of composer Hector Berlioz in France.

1862: Battle of Fredricksburg begins in the American Civil War.

1878: British high commissioner Henry Bartle Frere presents an ultimatum to the Zulu Kingdom to submit to British rule or face war.

1903: British forces march into Tibet.

1913: The Mona Lisa is recovered two years after it was stolen from the Louvre.

1937: Italy withdraws from the League of Nations.

1941: Germany and Italy declare war on the US.

1946: Spain is suspended from the UN. On the same day, UNCEF is founded.

1964: Soul singer Sam Cooke was shot dead at the Hacienda Motel in Los Angeles. Bertha Franklin, manager of the motel, told police that she shot and killed Cooke in self-defence. Police found Cooke’s body in Franklin’s apartment-office, clad only in a sports jacket and shoes, but no shirt, pants or underwear. The shooting was ultimately ruled a justifiable homicide. On the same day, Che Guevara speaks at the United Nations General Assembly in New York.

1968: Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O’Neill sacks Home Affairs Minister, William Craig.

1971: A bomb explodes outside a furniture showroom on the mainly loyalist Shankill Road in Belfast; four civilians (including two babies) were killed and 19 wounded.

1972: Astronauts Cernan & Harrison become 11th & 12th people on the Moon.

1981: Muhammad Ali loses to Trevor Berbick in his last ever fight.

1982: The Jam played their final gig in Brighton.

1986: South Africa censors the press.

1994: Russian troops enter Chechnya.

2001: China joins the World Trade Organization.

2008: Death of pin up Bettie Page aged 85.

2012: Indian musician Ravi Shankar died after undergoing heart valve replacement surgery. On the same day, Stephen Hawking wins the $3 million Fundamental Physics Prize, the most lucrative academic prize in the world.

2015: Playboy magazine publishes its last nude issue, featuring Pamela Anderson on the cover.

2017: Death of TV presenter Keith Chegwin aged 60.

BIRTHDAYS: McCoy Tyner, jazz pianist, 81; David Gates, songwriter, 79; Chester Thompson, drummer (Zappa/Genesis) 71; Philip “Spike” Edney, session musician, 68; Jermaine Jackson, singer, 65; Nikki Sixx (Frank Feranna), bassist (Motley Crue) 61; Darryl Jones, bassist (The Rolling Stones) 58; Marco Pierre White, chef, 58; Justin Currie, musician (Del Amitri) 55; Ben Shephard, TV presenter, 45; Zacky Vengeance (Zachary Baker) musician (Avenged Sevenfold) 38.Hailee Steinfeld, actress, 23.

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Mick Ferris

Editor Email: [email protected]