1620: 102 Mayflower Pilgrims and about 30 crew land at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts. On that first day military leader Myles Standish and a group of 18 settlers are attacked by 30 Native Americans.
1688: King James II is captured in Kent.
1792: France’s Louis XVI goes on trial accused of high treason and crimes against the state.
1803: Birth of composer Hector Berlioz in France.
1862: Battle of Fredricksburg begins in the American Civil War.
1878: British high commissioner Henry Bartle Frere presents an ultimatum to the Zulu Kingdom to submit to British rule or face war.
1903: British forces march into Tibet.
1913: The Mona Lisa is recovered two years after it was stolen from the Louvre.
1937: Italy withdraws from the League of Nations.
1941: Germany and Italy declare war on the US.
1946: Spain is suspended from the UN. On the same day, UNCEF is founded.
1964: Soul singer Sam Cooke was shot dead at the Hacienda Motel in Los Angeles. Bertha Franklin, manager of the motel, told police that she shot and killed Cooke in self-defence. Police found Cooke’s body in Franklin’s apartment-office, clad only in a sports jacket and shoes, but no shirt, pants or underwear. The shooting was ultimately ruled a justifiable homicide. On the same day, Che Guevara speaks at the United Nations General Assembly in New York.
1968: Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O’Neill sacks Home Affairs Minister, William Craig.
1971: A bomb explodes outside a furniture showroom on the mainly loyalist Shankill Road in Belfast; four civilians (including two babies) were killed and 19 wounded.
1972: Astronauts Cernan & Harrison become 11th & 12th people on the Moon.
1981: Muhammad Ali loses to Trevor Berbick in his last ever fight.
1982: The Jam played their final gig in Brighton.
1986: South Africa censors the press.
1994: Russian troops enter Chechnya.
2001: China joins the World Trade Organization.
2008: Death of pin up Bettie Page aged 85.
2012: Indian musician Ravi Shankar died after undergoing heart valve replacement surgery. On the same day, Stephen Hawking wins the $3 million Fundamental Physics Prize, the most lucrative academic prize in the world.
2015: Playboy magazine publishes its last nude issue, featuring Pamela Anderson on the cover.
2017: Death of TV presenter Keith Chegwin aged 60.
BIRTHDAYS: McCoy Tyner, jazz pianist, 81; David Gates, songwriter, 79; Chester Thompson, drummer (Zappa/Genesis) 71; Philip “Spike” Edney, session musician, 68; Jermaine Jackson, singer, 65; Nikki Sixx (Frank Feranna), bassist (Motley Crue) 61; Darryl Jones, bassist (The Rolling Stones) 58; Marco Pierre White, chef, 58; Justin Currie, musician (Del Amitri) 55; Ben Shephard, TV presenter, 45; Zacky Vengeance (Zachary Baker) musician (Avenged Sevenfold) 38.Hailee Steinfeld, actress, 23.