1492: The first Spanish settlement, La Navidad, in the New World (Môle-Saint-Nicolas, Haiti) is founded by Christopher Columbus.
1606: The first known performance of William Shakespeare’s tragedy “King Lear” before the court of King James I at Whitehall.
1620: The most prolific female serial killer in history, Hungarian Countess Elizabeth Bathory’s crimes are uncovered.
1659: The Long Parliament reforms in Westminster.
1776: General George Washington defeats the Hessians at the Battle of Trenton in the American Revolutionary War.
1791: Birth of Charles Babbage, inventor of the calculating machine.
1860: The first ever inter-club football match between Hallam F.C. and Sheffield F.C. at Sandygate Road ground in Sheffield.
1893: Birth of Mao Zedong, chairman of the Chinese communist party.
1941: Winston Churchill becomes first British prime minister to address a joint meeting of the US Congress.
1967: BBC Television broadcast The Beatles movie ‘Magical Mystery Tour’ in black and white.
1970: Death of athlete Lillian Board aged 22 fron cancer.
1972: Franz Beckenbauer wins the Ballon d’Or. On the same day, former US President Harry Truman dies aged 88.
1974: Comedian Jack Benny dies aged 80.
1976: The Sex Pistols recorded ‘God Save The Queen’ at Wessex Studios, London.
1978: India’s former Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi is released from prison.
1979: Soviet Special forces take over the presidential palace in Kabul, Afghanistan.
1985: Zoologist Dian Fossey is murdered in Rwanda aged 53.
1990: Garry Kasparov beats Antatoly Karpov to retain chess championship.
1996: Six-year-old pageant queen JonBenét Ramsey is found beaten and strangled in the basement of her family home in Boulder, Colorado.
1999: American soul, R&B, and funk singer, songwriter Curtis Mayfield died aged 57. He was quadraplegic after a lighting rig collapsed on him during a gig years before.
2004: A 9.3 magnitude earthquake creates a tsunami causing devastation in Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Maldives and edges of the Indian Ocean, killing 230,000 people.
2006: At 40 years, 268 days, Teddy Sheringham scores for West Ham United against Portsmouth to become the oldest goalscorer in Premier League history. On the same day, former US President Gerald Ford dies aged 93.
2012: Singer Fontella Bass died from complications following a heart attack aged 72. On the same day, Gerry Anderson, creator of puppet shows Fireball XL5, Stingray, Thunderbirds and Captain Scarlett dies aged 83.
BIRTHDAYS: Abdul “Duke” Fakir, singer (The Four Tops) 84; Phil Spector, producer, 80; Richard Skinner, DJ, 68; Dermot Murnaghan, broadcaster, 62; Lars Ulrich, drummer (Metallica) 56; Jared Leto, actor/musician, 48; Alexander Wang, fashion designer, 36; Kit Harrington, actor, 33; Aaron Ramsey, footballer, 29.