1170: Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket is assassinated before the high alter of Canterbury Cathedral by four knights.
1778: British troops occupy Savannah, Georgia.
1835: Treaty of New Echota is signed between the US government and representatives of a minority Cherokee political faction to cede all lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States.
1862: The bowling ball is invented.
1890: The US 7th Cavalry massacre 200+ captive Sioux at Wounded Knee, South Dakota.
1894: Death of poet Christina Rossetti aged 64.
1902: Scott Joplin copyrights a number of piano rag compositions including The Entertainer.
1916: Grigor Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, is assassinated by Russian aristocrats.
1940: Worst German air raid on London as over 10,000 bombs including the 1st incendiary bombs are dropped on the city as part of the Blitz.
1962: Graham Hill wins the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1966: Working at Abbey Road studios, Paul McCartney began work on his new song ‘Penny Lane’, recording six takes of keyboard tracks and various percussion effects.
1970: Gerd Muller wins the Ballon d’Or.
1980: Singer, songwriter Tim Hardin died of a heroin overdose.
1981: Karl-Heinz Rummenigge wins the Ballon d’Or.
1986: Death of Harold Macmillan aged 92.
1989: Vaclav Havel is selected to be president of Czechoslovakia by the Federal Assembly.
1998: Leaders of the Khmer Rouge apologize for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed over a million people.
2003: Death of comedian Bob Monkhouse.
2012: 200 people are executed by the Syrian army in Homs.
2013: Formula 1 legend Michael Schumacher suffers a serious head injury in a ski accident in the French Alps; his condition still remains unclear.
BIRTHDAYS: Bernard Cribbins, actor, 91; John Voight, actor, 81; Marianne Faithfull, singer, 73; Ted Danson, actress, 72; Laurel Masse, singer (Manhattan Transfer) 68; Jim Reid, musician (Jesus and Mary Chain) 58; Lily Wachowski, director, 52; Aled Jones, singer/broadcaster 49; Jude Law, actor, 47; Mekhi Pfeifer, actor, 46; Danny McBride, actor, 43; Alison Brie, actress, 37; Alexa Rae Joel, singer/songwriter, 34; Danny Wagner, drummer (Greta Van Fleet) 21.