1676: The Swedish army of 8,000 defeats a much larger joint Danish/Dutch force of 13,000 at the Battle of Lund during the Scanian War.
1689: The first recorded successful separation of conjoined twins Elisabet and Catherina Meijerin, by Swiss surgeon Johannes Fatio in Basel.
1694: English parliamentary elections are set for every three years.
1730: Colley Cibber is appointed Poet Laureate by George II.
1736: Astronomer Anders Celsius takes measurements that confirm Sir Isaac Newton’s theory that the earth is ellipsoid in shape rather than the previously accepted sphere.
1828: Andrew Jackson is elected president of the USA.
1854: More than 20 gold miners at Ballarat, Victoria, in Australia are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences.
1857: Novelist Joseph Conrad is born in Berdychiv, Poland.
1881: Journalist and explorer, Henry Morton Stanley founds Leopoldville (now Kinshasa).
1894: Novelist Robert Louis Stevenson dies aged 45.
1908: Edward Elgar’s 1st Symphony in A premieres in Manchester, performed by the Hallé Orchestra.
1910: Neon lights are publicly displayed for the first time at the Paris Auto Show.
1912: The Naval Battle of Elli takes place during the First Balkan War.
1914 The Dutch army opens fire on interned Belgian soldiers, killing eight.
1915: General Joseph Joffre becomes Commander-in-Chief of the French Armies.
1919: French impressionist painter Pierre Auguste Renoir dies aged 78.
1920: Turkey and Armenia agree to a peace treaty.
1926: Novelist Agatha Christie mysteriously disappears for 11 days.
1931: Alka Seltzer goes on sale.
1943: Beginning of the Battle of Monte Cassino in Italy.
1944: Britain’s Home Guard is officially stood down at a special parade in Hyde Park.
1946: The US government asks the UN to order dictator Francisco Franco out of Spain.
1947: Tennessee Williams’ “A Streetcar Named Desire” premieres in New York.
1956: Britain and France pull troops out of Egypt.
1965: For the first time an all-white jury in Alabama convicts members of the Klu Klux Klan over the murder of white civil rights activist Viola Liuzzo. On the same day, Keith Richards is knocked unconscious by an electric shock on stage with the Rolling Stones at the Memorial Hall In Sacramento, California.
1966: Ray Charles is given a five year suspended prison sentence and a $10,000 fine after being convicted of possessing heroin and marijuana.
1967: The first human heart transplant is performed at the Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa by Dr Christiaan Barnard on grocer Louis Washkansky.
1969: The Rolling Stones recorded Brown Sugar at Muscle Shoals studios in Alabama. The song would not be released until 1971.
1971: India declares a state of emergency as airports are hit during an attack by Pakistan.
1975: Laos falls to communist forces.
1976: A giant 40ft inflatable pig could be seen floating above London after breaking free from its moorings at Battersea Power Station during a photo shoot for the cover of the next Pink Floyd album Animals. On the same day, seven gunmen burst into Bob Marley’s Kingston home injuring Marley, his wife Rita and manager Don Taylor.
1978: Singles chart:
- Mary’s Boy child – Boney M
- Do Ya Thin I’m Sexy? – Rod Stewart
- Too Much Heaven – The Bee Gees
- A Taste Of Aggro – The Barron Knights
- Rat Trap – The Boomtown Rats
- I Lost My Heart To A Starship Trooper – Sarah Brightman and Hot Gossip
- Hanging On The Telephone – Blondie
- Le Freak – Chic
- Always And Forever – Heatwave
- Hopelessly Devoted To You – Olivia Newton John
- Grease – Original Soundtrack
- 20 Golden Greats – Neil Diamond
- Blondes Have More Fun – Rod Stewart
- The Singles 1974-78 – The Carpenters
- Jazz – Queen
- Midnight Hustle – Various Artists
- Emotions – Various Artists
- Lionheart – Kate Bush
- Nightflight To Venus – Boney M
- Tonic For The Troops – The Boomtown Rats
1979: Eleven people are trampled to death at a concert by The Who at The Riverfront Coliseum, Cincinnati.
1980:British fascist leader Oswald Moseley dies aged 84.
1982: Thomas “Hitman” Hearns wins the WBC Super Welterweight crown in a majority points decision over Wilfred Benitez in New Orleans.
1984: A dense cloud of lethal gas escapes from the Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, killing hundreds of people.
1986: Judas Priest were sued by two families alleging that the band were responsible for their sons shooting themselves in a suicide pact. The parents and their legal team alleged that a subliminal message of ‘do it’ had been included in the song Better By You, Better Than Me from the Stained Class album.
1988: Health minister Edwina Currie provokes outrage by saying in a TV interview that most of Britain’s egg production is infected with salmonella.
1989: President George Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev declare an end to the Cold War after two days of talks at the Malta summit.
1992: Two IRA bombs explode in the centre of Manchester. On the same day, the UN Security Council votes unanimously for US-led forces to enter Somalia. Also, the Greek oil tanker Aegean Sea, carrying 80,000 tonnes of crude oil, runs aground in a storm while approaching La Coruña, Spain, and spills much of its cargo.
1999: NASA loses radio contact with the Mars Polar Lander moments before the spacecraft enters the Martian atmosphere. On the same day, comedy actress Madeline Kahn, dies aged 56.
2005: Marilyn Manson (Brian Warner) marries burlesque performer Dita Von Teese (Heather Sweet) in Ireland.
2014: Protests erupt in cities across the US after a grand jury decides not to charge the New York City police officer who killed Eric Garner with a choke-hold. On the same day, keyboards player Ian McLagan of The Small Faces then The Faces died of a stroke age 69.
2015: Stone Temple Pilots and Velvet Revolver singer Scott Weiland died aged 48 after being found in cardiac arrest on his tour bus in Bloomington, Minnesota, just before he was scheduled to go on stage with his band The Wildabouts.
2018: Real Madrid midfielder Luka Modric wins the Ballon d’Or.
BIRTHDAYS: Valerie Perrine, actress, 77; Ralph McTell, singer-songwriter, 76; Ozzy (John) Osbourne, singer-songwriter (Black Sabbath), 72; Kimberley Rew, songwriter/guitarist (The Soft Boys/Katrina and The Waves) 69; Mike Stock, songwriter/producer, 69; Eamonn Hoolmes, TV presenter, 61; Julianne Moore (Julie Ann Smith), actress, 60; Daryl Hannah, actress, 60; Holly Marie Combs, actress/producer, 47; Daniel Bedingfield, singer-songwriter, 41; Anna Chumsky, actress, 40; Michael Essien, footballer, 38; Amanda Seyfried, actress, 35; Christian Benteke, footballer, 30.