771: Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman.
1492: ChristopherColumbus discovers Hispanola.
1791: Death of composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart aged 35.
1792: George Washington is re-elected as President of the US.
1804: Thomas Jefferson is re-elected as President of the US.
1830: Hector Berlioz’s “Symphonique Fantastique” premieres in Paris
1832: Andrew Jackson is re-elected as President of the US.
1848: President James K Polk triggers the Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming a gold discovery in California.
1870: Death of French writer Alexandre Dumas aged 68.
1872: The ship Mary Celeste is discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean.
1901: Birth of Walt Disney in Chicago.
1914: The Italian parliament proclaims the country’s neutrality.
1917: Austro-German Forces launch an offensive against the Italians.
1926: Death of French impressionist painter Claude Monet from lung cancer aged 86.
1932: Albert Einstein is granted a visa to enter America.
1933: Prohibition ends in the US.
1947: Joe Louis beats Jersey Joe Walcott for the world heavyweight boxing title.
1949: Ezzard Charles beats Jersey Joe Walcott for the world heavyweight boxing title.
1955: Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery, Alabama, by Rosa Parks.
1957: President Sukarno of Indonesia expels all Dutch people.
1958: Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) is inaugurated in the UK by The Queen when she speaks to the Lord Provost in a call from Bristol to Edinburgh. On the same day, the Preston bypass, the UK’s first stretch of motorway, opens to traffic.
1965: The Beatles played their last ever show in their home town when they appeared at The Liverpool Empire.
1974: The BBC broadcasts the final episode of Monty Python’s Flying Circus.
1979: Ireland premier Jack Lynch resigns.
1987: The Jesus And Mary Chain were banned from appearing on a US music TV show after complaints of blasphemy when the group’s name was flashed across the screen. The CBS show asked the band to be called JANC, but the group didn’t agree.
1993: Doug Hopkins co-founder of the band Gin Blossoms died of self-inflicted gunshot wounds age 32. The guitarist and songwriter was in a detox unit in Phoenix, Arizona when he snuck out and bought a .38 caliber pistol. The next day Hopkins committed suicide.
2005: The Civil Partnership Act comes into effect in the UK.
2007: Death of German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen.
2008: Human remains previously found in 1991 are finally identified by Russian and American scientists as those of Tsar Nicholas II. On the same day, O J Simpson is sentenced to 33 years in prison for kidnapping and armed robbery.
2012: Death of jazz pianist Dave Brubeck aged 91.
2013: Death of Nelson Mandela aged 95.
2017: Russia is banned from the next Winter Olympics in South Korea over state-sponsored doping.
BIRTHDAYS: Little Richard (Richard Penniman) rock n roll legend 87; Eddie ‘The Eage’ Edwards, former ski jumper, 56; Ronnie O’Sullivan, snooker champion, 44; Frankie Muniz, actor, 34.