1608: Birth of poet John Milton.
1783: The first execution at Newgate Jail (now the site of The Old Bailey criminal court).
1854: Alfred Tennyson’s poem “Charge of the Light Brigade” is published in “The Examiner”.
1931: Spain becomes a republic.
1941: China declares war on Japan, Germany and Italy. On the same day, Hitler orders US ships to be torpedoed.
1960: Coronation Street is broadcast for the first time.
1964: John Coltrane’s quartet record the album A Love Supreme in New Jersey.
1967: Jim Morrison is arrested on stage for disturbing the peace at the New Haven Arena, Connecticut, making him the first rock star to be taken into custody during a performance. On the same day, Nicolae Ceaușescu becomes President of Romania.
1990: Lech Walesa wins Poland’s first direct presidential election.
1994: Death of Maureen Starkey, former wife of Ringo Starr, of leukemia at 48.
2003: Ozzy Osbourne was admitted to hospital with serious injuries after being in a quad bike accident at his UK home.
2012: Death of astronomer and broadcaster Sir Patrick Moore aged 89.
BIRTHDAYS: Dame Judi Dench, actress, 85; Beau Bridges, actor, 78; Neil Innes, musician (Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band/The Rutles) 75; Joan Armatrading, singer/songwriter, 69; Michael Dorn, actor, 67; John Malkovich, actor, 66; Jean-Claude Junker, former president of the European Commission, 65; Donny Osmond, singer, 62; Nick Seymour, bassist (Crowded House) 61; Felicity Huffman, actress, 57; Paul Landers, guitarist (Rammstein) 55; Geoff Barrow, instrumentalist (Portishead) 48; Tre Cool (Frank Wright III) drums (Green Day) 47; Reiko Aylesworth, actress, 47; Imogen Heap, singer/songwriter 42; Jesse Metcalf, actor, 41; Simon Helberg, actor, 39;