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1327: Teenager Edward III is crowned king of England buut the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer.
1587: Elizabeth I signs the death warrant of her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots.
1793: France declares war on Britain and The Netherlands.
1814: Lord Byron’s ‘Corsair’ sells 10,000 copies on its day of publication.
1851: Novelist Mary Shelley dies of a brain tumour aged 53.
1884: The first edition of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.
1896: Puccini’s opera La Boheme premieres in Turin.
1908: King Carlos I of Portugal and his heir Prince Luis Filipe are assassinated by republican sympathisers in Lisbon.
1910: The first British labour exchange opens.
1924: Ramsey MacDonald’s incoming Labour government officially recognises the Soviet Union.
1944: Abstract painter Piet Mondrian dies aged 71.
1946: Trygve Lie becomes first secretary general of the UN.
1948: Nine Malay sultanates and two British Straits settlements (Penang and Malacca) form the Federation of Malaya.
1949: RCA released the first 45rpm single.
1958: First US satellite (Explorer I) launched.
1960: Rod Laver wins his first Grand Slam title with the Australian Championship.
1963: Nyasaland (now Malawi) becomes self-governing under Hastings Banda.
1965: James Brown recorded ‘Papa’s Got A Brand New Bag’ at the Arthur Smith Studios in North Carolina. On the same day, Martin Luther King and 700 demonstrators are arrested in Selma, Alabama.
1966: Death of silent film star Buster Keaton aged 70.
1968: Richard Nixon announces his candidacy for US president. On the same day, Saigon police chief Nguyễn Ngọc Loan executes Viet Cong officer Nguyễn Văn Lém with a pistol shot to head. The execution is captured by photographer Eddie Adams and becomes an anti-war icon.
1972: Prime Minister Edward Heath announces the appointment of Lord Chief Justice Lord Widgery to undertake an inquiry into the 13 deaths on ‘Bloody Sunday’ two days earlier.
1978: Director Roman Polanski skips bail and flees to France after pleading guilty to charges of engaging in sex with a 13-year-old girl.
1979: Ayatollah Khomeini returns to Iran after 15 years in exile. On the same day, Trevor Francis becomes Britain’s first £1 million soccer player when he transfers from Birmingham City to Nottingham Forest.
1988: Child actor Heather O’Rourke (Poltergeist) dies aged 12.
1989: Diana, Princess of Wales visits New York.
1991: South African President F W de Klerk says he will repeal all apartheid laws.
1994: Jeff Gillooly pleads guilty for his part in attack on American Olympic figure skater Nancy Kerrigan; plea bargain, confesses to racketeering in exchange for testimony implicating ex-wife Tonya Harding.
1995: Richey Edwards of Manic Street Preachers disappeared without a trace. He has never been found and was declared dead in 2008.
2003: Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard.
2004: Janet Jackson’s breast is exposed during the half-time show of Super Bowl XXXVIII.
2005: Arsenal’s English Premier League record 33-game unbeaten streak at home ends when the Gunners go down, 4-2 to Manchester United at Highbury.
2008: NASA announced that ‘Across The Universe’ by The Beatles would be the first song beamed directly into space.
2013: John Kerry succeeds Hilary Clinton as US Secretary of State.
2016: Myanmar’s first freely elected parliament in 50 years has its opening session in Nay Pyi Taw.
2017: British MPs vote in favour of the European Union Bill, allowing the government to begin Brexit.
2018: Dennis Edwards of The Temptations dies following a stroke aged 74.
BIRTHDAYS: Don Everly, singer/musician, 83; Mike Campbell, guitarist (Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers/Fleetwood Mac) 70; Linus Roache, actor, 56; Sherilyn Fenn, actress, 55; Princess Stephanie of Monaco, 55; Lisa Marie Presley, 52; Kevin Kilbane, former footballer, 43; Darren Fletcher, footballer, 36; Laura Marling, singer/songwriter, 30; Harry Styles, singer, 26.