It happened today – this day in history – February 11

660BC: The traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu.

55: Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome, clearing the way for Nero to become emperor.

1503: Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII, dies on her 38th birthday.

1650: French philosopher Rene Descartes dies of pneumonia aged 53.

1659: The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses.

1806: William Grenville becomes Prime Minister following the death of William Pitt the Younger.

1809: Robert Fulton patents the steamboat.

1810: Napoleon I marries second wife, Marie-Louise of Austria.

1811: President James Madison prohibits trade with Britain for the third time in four years.

1847: Birth of inventor Thomas Edison in Ohio.

1852: The first British public female toilet opens in Bedford Street, London.

1878: The first weekly weather report is published in the UK.

1896: Oscar Wilde’s “Salome” premieres in Paris.

1903: Anton Bruckner’s 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna.

1916: Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships from March 1.

1928: The second Winter Olympic Games open in St Moritz, Switzerland.

1940: Death of author John Buchan, First Baron Tweedsmuir and Governor General of Canada.

1944: German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy.

1945: Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin sign the Declaration of Liberated Europe at the end of the Yalta Conference.

1948: Death of Russian director Sergei Eisenstein aged 50. On the same day, John Costello succeeds Eamon Da Valera as premier of Ireland.

1950: Englishman Jack Holden wins the Empire Games marathon in Auckland, New Zealand, running the last nine miles barefoot after his shoes fell apart.

1953: The USSR breaks diplomatic relations with Israel.

1956: Two British diplomats, Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean, who vanished in mysterious circumstances five years ago deny being spies after reappearing in the Soviet Union. Two others from their spy ring were still operating in Britain.


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1963: In one 10-hour session at EMI Studios, Abbey Road, The Beatles record their first album Please Please Me in its entirety. The record’s closing track, Twist And Shout is the last song recorded and has to be done in one take as John Lennon knew he would not be able to sing it more than once. By the time they had finished, Lennon had not only given an iconic vocal performance, but the band had created something that would signal a sea change in pop music. On the same day, poet Sylvia Plath commits suicide aged 30.

1964: The Beatles make their live concert debut in the US at the Washington Coliseum to more than 8,000 screaming fans.

1965: Beatles drummer Ringo Starr marries hairdresser Maureen Cox.

On TV (Thursday)


REDIFFUSION

11.15For Schools

16.20Crossroads

16.45Small Time

17.00Junior Criss Cross Quiz

17.25Space Patrol

17.55News and Weather

18.08Three After Six

18.30Cannonball
Adventure drama series about two lorry drivers


19.00Double Your Money
Quiz hosted by Hughie Green


19.30Little Big Business

20.00The AvengersStarring Patrick Macnee and Honor Blackman

20.55News

21.10This Week
The background behind the news


21.40The Alfred Hitchcock Hour

22.35What the Papers Say

22.50News Headlines

22.55Management in Action

23.25Dateline

23.35Life’s Work


BBC ONE

09.10For Schools

10.45Watch With Mother
Rag, Tag, and Bobtail


11.05For Schools

13.05Heddiw Topical items in Welsh

13.25News

13.30Watch With Mother
Andy Pandy


14.05For Schools

17.05Blue Peter
with Christopher Trace and Valerie Singleton


17.30Tales From Europe

17.55News

18.05Town And Around

18.30Derry Dando

18.55Tonight
Introduced by Cliff Michelmore with Alan Whicker, Fyfe Robertson
Trevor Philpott, Kenneth Allsop, Macdonald Hastings, Christopher Brasher, Julian Pettifer, Cathal O’Shannon and Magnus Magnusson.


19.30Top of the Pops
Alan Freeman introduces The Hollies, Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders, The Animals, The Ivy League, Tom Jones, The Kinks, Val Doonican and The Seekers.


20.00Dr. Kildare
American drama seeries starring Richard Chamberlain


20.50Andy Stewart

21.15News

21.25Amateur Boxing

22.25Gallery
The political scene at Westminster and beyond


22.55News Extra and Weather

23.05Komm Mit!
German for beginners


23.30Roadworks Report


BBC TWO

11.00Play School

19.07News

19.10Wheelbase

19.30Encounter

20.00Time Out

20.50Many Happy Returns
Comedy series starring John Mcgiver as the complaints manager of a large department store.


21.15Thursday Theatre

22.35Newsroom and Weather

23.00Late Night Line-Up

1975: Margaret Thatcher becomes leader of the Conservative Party.

1976: John Curry wins Britain’s first Olympic gold in figure skating.

1978: China lifts a ban on Aristotle, Shakespeare and Dickens.

1979: Ayatollah Khomeini seizes power in Iran.

1987: Party planner Cynthia Payne is acquitted of nine charges of controlling prostitutes at her home in south-west London.

1990: Nelson Mandela is released after 27 years imprisonment in South Africa. On the same day, James ‘Buster’ Douglas knocks out Mike Tyson in Japan to win the world heavyweight boxing title.

Singles chart:

  1. Nothing Compares 2 U – Sinead o’Connor
  2. Get Up (Before The Night Is Over) – Technotronic ft Ya Kid K
  3. Dub Be Good To Me – Beats International
  4. Happenin’ All Over Again – Lonnie Gordon
  5. I Don’t Know Anybody Else – Black Box
  6. Walk On BY – Sybil
  7. I Wish It Would Rain Down – Phil Collins
  8. Got To Have Your Love – Mantronix ft Wondress
  9. Tears On My Pillow – Kylie Minogue
  10. Live Together – Lisa Stansfield
1990: Eric Clapton – Journeyman

Album chart:

  1. But Seriously… – Phil Collins
  2. Journeyman – Eric Clapton
  3. Affection – Lisa Stansfield
  4. Pump Up The Jam – Technotronic
  5. The Very Best Of – Cat Stevens
  6. The Sweet Keeper – Tanita Tikaram
  7. Carved In Sand – The Mission
  8. The Road To Hell – Chris Rea
  9. Heart Of Stone – Cher
  10. The Language Of Life – Everything But The Girl

2000: Death of French director Roger Vadim aged 71.

2006: Jaws author Peter Benchley dies aged 65.

2009: Ronettes singer Estelle Bennett dies aged 67.

2010: Fashion designer Alexander McQueen commits suicide aged 40.

2011: A revolution in Egypt culminates in the resignation of Hosni Mubarak and the transfer of power to the Supreme Military Council after 18 days of protests (Arab Spring).

2012: Singer Whitney Houston is found dead submerged in the bathtub in her suite at the Beverly Hilton Hotel.

2013: Pope Benedicxt XVI announces his resignation from February 28, the first pope to resign since 1415.

2016: A riot between rival drug cartels at a prison in Monterrey, Mexico, leaves 52 dead.

2020: Snow falls in Baghdad, Iraq, for only the second time in a century.

2021: Joe Biden rescinds the national emergency order used by former President Donald Trump to fund the border wall with Mexico.

Jennifer Aniston

BIRTHDAYS: Dame Mary (Barbara) Quant (Plunket-Greene), fashion designer, 93; Dennis Skinner, former Labour MP, 91; Derek Shulman, vocalist (Gentle Giant) 76; Sheryl Crow, singer-songwriter, 61; Sarah Palin, US politician, 59; Jennifer Aniston, actress, 54; Damian Lewis OBE, actor, 52; Steve McManaman, football pundit, 51; D’Angelo (Michael Archer) singer-songwriter, 49; Brandy (Brandy Rayana Norwood), singer/actress, 44; Kelly Rowland, singer, 42; Natalie Dormer, actress, 41; Rafael van der Vaart, Dutch footballer, 40; Georgia May Foote, actress, 32; Taylor Lautner, actor, 31.

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