It happened today – this day in history – February 13

1258: Baghdad falls to the Mongols as the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed and tens of thousands are slaughtered.

1542: Catherine Howard, fifth wife of Henry VIII is beheaded for adultery aged 18. On the same day Jane Boleyn, Viscountess Rochford, sister-in-law of Henry VIII is also beheaded.

1578: Tycho Brahe first sketches his “Tychonic system” of the solar system.

1633: Astronomer Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing the belief that earth revolves around the sun.

1689: Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights which establishes the rights of parliament and places limits on the crown.

1692: Glencoe Massacre: about 38 MacDonalds killed early in the morning by rival Campbell clan members, allegedly for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.

1777: The Marquis de Sade is arrested without charge and imprisoned in Vincennes fortress.

1832: First appearance of cholera in London.

1858: Sir Richard Burton and John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa.

1861: Abraham Lincoln is declared US president.

1866: Jesse James holds up his first bank, stealing $15,000 from the Clay County Savings Association in Liberty, Missouri.

1883: Death of composer Richard Wagner aged 69.

1895: The moving picture projector is patented.

1907: Suffragettes storm the British Parliament and 60 women are arrested.

1912: England cricket team regains the Ashes.

1917: Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari (Margaretha Zelle) is arrested in Paris on suspicion of being a German spy.

1935: Bruno Hauptmann is found guilty of kidnap and murder of the Lindbergh baby.

1940: Actress Lana Turner marries bandleader Artie Shaw.

1942: Hitler’s invasion of England, Operation Sealion, is cancelled.

1945: Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die. On the same day, USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle.

1955: Israel acquires four of the Dead Sea scrolls.

1961: Officials in the Congolese province of Katanga declare former Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba has been killed by villager trying to take him into custody. On the same day, Frank Sinatra launches his own record label, Reprise on the founding principal that each artist signed will have full creative freedom and at some point complete ownership of their work.

1968: The US sends 10,500 additional soldiers to Vietnam.


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1971: 12,000 South Vietnamese troops cross into Laos.

1974: Dissident writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn is expelled from the USSR.

1975: British mineworkers’ leaders agree to accept the coal board’s latest pay offer of up to 35%.

On TV (Thursday)

THAMES


09.30For Schools

10.35Western Civilisation

11.00For Schools

12.00Rainbow

12.15Flower Stories

12.30Jobs Around The House

13.00First Report

13.20Lunchtime Today

13.30Crown Court

14.00Good Afternoon

14.30General Hospital

15.00Boney

15.55Out of Town

16.25Cartoon

16.30Rainbow

16.50Cowboy in Africa

17.50News

18.00Today

18.35Crossroads

19.00The Six Million Dollar Man
Lee Majors stars as Steve Austin


20.00Love Thy Neighbour
Satirical sit com mocking racism


20.30This Week

21.00The Sweeney
Police series starring John Thaw and Dennis Waterman


22.00News at Ten

22.30Wish You Were Here…?

23.00People and Politices


BBC ONE

09.41For Schools, Colleges

12.25The 60 70 80 Show

12.55News

13.00Pebble Mill

13.45The Herbs

14.02For Schools, Colleges

15.58Regional News

16.00Play School

16.25Astronut

16.30Jackanory

16.45Blue Peter

17.10John Craven’s Newsround

17.15King Thrushbeard and the Proud Princess

17.45National News

18.00Nationwide

18.55Tomorrow’s World

19.20Top of the Pops
Noel Edmonds introduces Mud, Frankie Valli, Fox, Alvin Stardust, Queen, Cockney Rebel and Pilot.


20.00It Ain’t Half Hot Mum
A snake-charmer’s missing snake turns up in the Sergeant Major’s quarters. Comedy series starring Windsor Davies


20.30Taste for Adventure

21.00Nine O’Clock News

21.25Play for Today: Penda’s Fen by David Rudkin

22.55Midweek

23.28Weatherman/Regional News


BBC TWO

06.40Open University

07.55Closedown

11.00Play School

11.25Closedown

17.25Open University

18.15Test Cricket from Australia

18.40Middle Years at School

19.05Open University

19.30Newsday

19.55Jane Eyre

20.45The Roman Way

21.00Show of the Week: The Two Ronnies

21.45Man Alive

22.35News Extra

22.55Centre Play

1978: Anna Ford becomes ITN’s first female newsreader.

1980: The Winter Olympic Games open in Lake Placid, New York.

1984: Konstantin Chernenko succeeds Yuri Andropov as leader of the Soviet Union.

1988: The Winter Olympic Games open in Calgary, Canada.

1989: Samantha Fox and Mick Fleetwood host a Brit Awards littered with embarrassing errors

1991: Iraqi civilians including 130 children are killed in Baghdad by American bombers. On the same day, athletics commentator Ron Pickering dies after heart bypass surgery aged 60.

1994: Singles chart:

  1. Without You – Mariah Carey
  2. Things Can Only Get Better – D-Ream
  3. Breathe Again – Toni Braxton
  4. Return To Innocence – Enigma
  5. The Power Of Love – Celine Dion
  6. A Deeper Love – Aretha Franklin
  7. Move On Baby – Capella
  8. All For Love – Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart & Sting
  9. Let The Beat Control Your Body – 2 Unlimited
  10. Like To Move It – Reel To Real ft Mad Stuntman
1994: Tori Amos – Under The Pink

Album chart:

  1. Cross Of Changes – Enigma
  2. Under The Pink – Tori Amos
  3. Music Box – Mariah Carey
  4. In Pieces – Garth Brooks
  5. Troublegum – Therapy?
  6. Tease Me – Chaka Demus & Pliers
  7. Softly With These Songs: The Best Of – Roberta Flack
  8. One Woman: The Ultimate Collection – Diana Ross
  9. The Heart Of Chicago – Chicago
  10. Brave – Marillion

1996: Take That announce they are splitting up at a press conference in Manchester.

1998: Former Stone Roses singer, Ian Brown is arrested at Manchester Airport after an incident during a flight from Paris.

2002: Country singer-songwriter Waylon Jennings dies in his sleep after a lengthy fight with diabetes.

2011: The King’s Speech wins best film at the BAFTAS.

2012: Adele wins all six categories she is nominated for at The Grammy Awards.

2013: Ten civilians, including three children, are killed by a NATO air strike in the Kunar Province, Afghanistan.

2016: All four members of English indie rock group Viola Beach along with their manager Craig Tarry, die in a car crash in Södertälje, Sweden.

2017: Film star Harrison Ford is involved in a near miss while flying a plane at John Wayne Airport, Orange County.

2018: An Israeli Police report recommends Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu be prosecuted on bribery, fraud and breach-of-trust charges. On the same day, South African president Jacob Zuma is ordered to step down by the A.N.C.

BIRTHDAYS: Kim (Marilyn) Novak, actress, 88; George Segal, actor, 87; Jerry Springer, TV host, 77; Stockard Channing, actress, 77; Peter Gabriel, singer-songwriter, 71; Peter Hook, bassist (New Order) 65; Henry Rollins, singer/actor, 60; Hugh Dennis, comedian/actor, 59; Neal McDonough, actor, 55; Sonia, (Evans) singer, 50; Robbie Williams, singer-songwriter, 47; Katie Hopkins, broadcaster, 46; Feist (Lesley) , singer-songwriter, 45; Mena Suvari, actress, 42; Aston Merrygold, singer (JLS) 33.