1665: Birth of Queen Anne (Stuart) in St James’ Palace.
1685: The Duke of York becomes King James II of England and VII of Scotland upon the death of his brother Charles II.
1778: Britain declares war on France.
1783: Death of Lancelot “Capability” Brown, English landscape architect.
1804: Death of chemist Joseph Priestley, who discovered oxygen.
1819: Stamford Raffles founds Singapore as a British trading port.
1836: HMS Beagle, carrying Charles Darwin arrives in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania).
1840: The Treaty of Waitangi is signed between 40 Māori Chiefs (later signed by 500) and representatives of the British crown in Waitangi, New Zealand.
1843: Frontiersman Kit Carson (33) married Josefa Jaramillo (14).
1854: Composer Robert Schumann is saved from a suicide attempt when he throws himself into the River Rhine.
1855: Government formed by Viscount Palmerston.
1894: The bottle opener is patented by William Painter.
1899: Prince Alfred of Edinburgh, dies at 24 in mysterious circumstances.
1911: Fire destroys downtown Constantinople (Istanbul).
1918: Britain grants women aged 30 and over the vote. On the same day, Austrian painter Gustav Klimt dies aged 55.
1921: Release of silent film ‘The Kid’ starring Charlie Chaplin and Jackie Coogan.
1922: Cardinal Achille Ratti is elected Pope Pius XI.
1935: The board game Monopoly goes on sale.
1936: The fourth Winter Olympic Games open in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.
1939: The Spanish government flees to France.
1941: British troops conquer Bengazi, Libya.
1952: Queen Elizabeth II succeeds her father George VI to the British throne.
1958: Eight Manchester United players and three staff plus 10 others perish when their plane crashes during take off in snow from Munich. On the same day, George Harrison joined Liverpool group The Quarrymen. The group featured John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Len Garry, Eric Griffiths and John Lowe.
1964: Great-Britain and France sign an accord over building a channel tunnel.
1967: Muhammad Ali pummels Ernie Terrell for 15 rounds to retain his world heavyweight boxing crown at Houston Astrodome.
1968: The tenth Winter Olympic Games opens in Grenoble, France.
1969: The New Ulster Movement forms, promoting moderate and non-sectarian policies and to assist those candidates who support Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O’Neill.
1971: The IRA shoots and kills Gunner Robert Curtis, the first British soldier to die during the ‘Troubles’. On the same day, James Saunders (22), a member of the IRA, is shot and killed by the British Army during a gun battle near the Oldpark Road, Belfast and Bernard Watt (28), a Catholic civilian, is shot and killed by the British Army during street disturbances in Ardoyne, Belfast.
1974: The US House of Representatives begins determining grounds for the impeachment of President Richard Nixon.
1980: John Wayne Gacy goes on trial for the murder of 33 young men in Cook County, Illinois.
1983: The trial of former Gestapo commandant Klaus Barbie begins in France.
1989: Jamaican sound engineer, and producer King Tubby died after being shot in the street outside his home.
1990: Billy Idol suffered serious injuries when he failed to pull up at a stop sign and crashed from his Harley-Davidson motorbike into a car. On the same day, more than 200 women filed court actions against Chuck Berry after it was alleged that he had been secretly filming them in the toilets of the restaurant he owned.
1993: Riddick Bowe TKOs Michael Dokes in Round 1 for the heavyweight boxing title. On the same day, tennis player Arthur Ashe dies of AIDS-related pneumonia aged 49.
1995: Rapper Tupac Shakur is convicted on sexual assault charge and sentenced to up to 4 1/2 years in prison.
1997: Diane Blood, 32, wins the right to use her dead husband’s sperm.
1998: Carl Wilson from The Beach Boys died aged 51 after a long battle with lung cancer. On the same day, singer Falco (Johann Hölzel) died in a car crash in the Dominican Republic.
2007: Singer, songwriter and actor Frankie Laine died aged 93.
2010: Death of British jazz legend John Dankworth aged 82.
2011: Guitarist and singer Gary Moore died aged 58 in his sleep of a heart attack in his hotel room while on holiday in Spain.
2014: The Taliban and Pakistani government begin peace negotiations.
2018: Maldives President Abdulla Yameen declares a state of emergency, ordering the arrest of two judges.
BIRTHDAYS: Jimmy Tarbuck, comedian, 80; Dave Berry (Grundy), singer, 79; Mike Batt, composer, 70; Cathy Najimi, actress, 63; Simon Phillips, drummer, 63; Axl (William) Rose, singer (Guns n Roses) 58; Rick Astley, singer/songwriter, 54; Tim Sherwood, football pundit/manager 51; Alice Eve, actress, 38; Darren Bent, former footballer, 36.