1607: The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.
1610: Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, fourth satellite of Jupiter.
1625: Death of Flemish painter Pieter Bruegel “the Older”.
1695: Jonathan Swift is ordained as an Anglican priest in Ireland.
1785: John Walter publishes the first issue of “The Times” of London.
1794: The US flag changes to 15 stars and stripes.
1864: Death of composer Stephen Foster aged 37.
1882: Wagner completes his opera “Parsifal”.
1893: The British Independent Labour Party forms with Kier Hardie as its leader.
1908: Henri Farman becomes the first person to fly an observed circuit of more than 1km.
1915: Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, presents plan for assault on Dardanelles.
1929: Wyatt Earp dies aged 80.
1938: The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution.
1941: Author James Joyce dies in Switzerland aged 58.
1943: Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca. On the same day, Hitler declares “Total war”.
1953: Marshal Josip Broz (Tito) is chosen as president of Yugoslavia.
1959: French President Charles de Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 Algerians sentenced to death.
1965: The first day of recording sessions for Bob Dylan’s album Bringing It All Back Home album were held at Studio A, Columbia Recording Studios in New York City. Dylan recorded “Subterranean Homesick Blues” and “It’s All Over Now, Baby Blue.”
1968: Johnny Cash played a show, which was recorded, for his forthcoming live album at Folsom Prison, near Sacramento, California in front of 2,000 inmates.
1979: Soul singer/songwriter Donny Hathaway committed suicide falling from a 15th floor New York hotel window.
1987: Seven top New York City Mafia bosses sentenced to 100 years in prison each.
1992: Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer pleads guilty but insane.
2003:Pete Townshend of The Who was arrested in London on suspicion of possessing indecent images of children. He was later cleared.
2004: Dr Harold Shipman, who is believed to have killed more than 200 of his patients in Manchester, is found hanged in his prison cell.
2010: Soul singer Teddy Pendergrass died at the age of 59 following a difficult recovery from colon cancer surgery.
2014: Cristiano Ronaldo wins the Ballon d’Or.
2017: Lord Snowden dies aged 86.
2018: An early-morning ballistic missile alert sent across Hawaii in error is revoked after 38 minutes.
BIRTHDAYS: Fred White, drummer (Earth, Wind and Fire) 65; Trevor rabin, guitarist (YES/AWR) 65; Mark O’Meara, golfer, 63; Wayne Coyne, musician (The Flaming Lips) 59; Suggs (Graham MacPherson) singer (Madness) 59; Julia Louis-Dreyfuss, actress/comedian 59; Penelope Ann Miller, actress, 56; Bill Bailey, comedian, 55; Patrick Dempsey, actor, 54; Stephen Hendry, snooker player, 51; Shonda Rhimes, screenwriter, 50; Orlando Bloom, actor, 43; Ruth Wilson, actress, 38; Liam Hemsworth, actor, 30.