It happened today – this day in history – January 14

1690: The clarinet is invented in Nürnberg, Germany.

1724: King Philip V abdicates the Spanish throne.

1742: Astronomer Edmond Halley dies aged 85.

1784: The US Revolutionary War ends with the Congress of the Confederation ratifying the Treaty of Paris.

1785: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completes his “Dissonanzenquartett / “Dissonance quartet” (opus 10).

1794: Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom, Virginia, performs the first successful Cesarean section operation in the US on his wife.

1858: French Emperor Napoleon III escapes an assassination attempt by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed.

1873: Celluloid is registered as a trademark by its inventor, John Wesley Hyatt.

1898: Writer Lewis Carroll (Charles Dodgson) dies aged 65.

1900: Giacomo Puccini’s opera “Tosca” premieres in Rome.

1907: An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica, kills more than 1,000.

1933: One of the biggest shocks in FA Cup history as third division Walsall beat the country’s top team Arsenal 2-0 in the third round.

1943: Japan begins the withdrawal of its troops from Guadalcanal. On the same day, the Casablanca Conference begins between Winston Churchill, Franklin D Roosevelt and Charles de Gaulle.

1945: Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens.

1957: Film star Humphrey Bogart dies of oesophageal cancer aged 57.

1960: Elvis Presley is promoted to Sergeant in the US Army.

1963: George Wallace is sworn in as Governor of Alabama, and states: “segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!”

1966: David Jones changes his name to David Bowie.


1969: Sir Matt Busby announces he will step down as manager of Manchester United at the end of the season.

1972: Margrethe II becomes the first Queen of Denmark since 1412.

1973: The Miami Dolphins beat Washington Redskins, 14-7 to win the Super Bowl. On the same day, two Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are killed in Derry by a booby-trap bomb attached to their car by the IRA.

Singles chart:

  1. Long Haired Lover From Liverpool – Jimmy Osmond
  2. Blockbuster – The Sweet
  3. The Jean Genie – David Bowie
  4. You’re So Vain – Carly Simon
  5. Hi Hi Hi/C Moon – Wings
  6. Ball Park Incident – Wizzard
  7. Solid Gold Easy Action – T Rex
  8. Crazy Horses – The Osmonds
  9. Always On My Mind – Elvis Presley
  10. Big Seven – Judge Dread
1973: Slade – Slayed?

Album chart:

  1. Back To Front – Gilbert O’Sullivan
  2. Slayed? – Slade
  3. Greatest Hits – Simon and Garfunkel
  4. 20 Fantastic Hits Vol 2 – Various Artists
  5. Portrait Of Donny – Donny Osmond
  6. 25 Rockin and Rollin Greats – various Artists
  7. 22 Dynamic Hits Vol 2 – Various Artists
  8. Never A Dull Moment – Rod Stewart
  9. Too Young – Donny Osmond
  10. The Rise And Fall Of Ziggy Stardust And The Spiders From Mars – David Bowie

1975: 17-year-old heiress Lesley Whittle is kidnapped from her home in Shropshire by Donald Neilsen, the Black Panther.

1977: Former Prime Minister Anthony Eden dies of liver cancer aged 79. On the same day, actor Peter Finch dies aged 60 and French author Anais Nin dies aged 73.

1978: The Sex Pistols play their last chaotic show at the Winterland Ballroom in San Francisco with Johnny Rotten yelling to the crowd as the band fell apart on stage, “Ever get the feeling you’ve been cheated?” On the same day, Olympic althlete Harold Abrahams dies aged 78.

1983: Film editor Stephen Waldorf is critically injured in West London during a police ambush aimed at capturing an escaped prisoner.

1992: Drummer, Jerry Nolan from The New York Dolls dies from a fatal stroke aged 45.

1994: The Duchess of Kent becomes the first member of the Royal Family to convert to Catholicism for more than 300 years.

2002: With no reported cases in the farming community for three months the UK is declared free of foot-and-mouth disease.

2006: Actress Shelley Winters (Schrift) dies aged 85.

2010: Led Zeppelin guitarist Jimmy Page is honoured with the UN’s first ever Pathways To Peace Award.

2011: Tunisian president Ben Ali, flees to Saudi Arabia.

2014: Justin Bieber was questioned by police over the egging of his neighbour’s house in Calabasas, California.

2016: Actor Alan Rickman dies aged 69 from cancer.

BIRTHDAYS: Clarence Carter, singer-songwriter, 85; Faye (Dorothy) Dunaway, actress, 80; Carl Weathers, actor, 73; Chas Smash (Cathal Smith) trumpet/backing vocals (Madness) 62; Steven Soderbergh, director, 58; Mark Addy, actor, 57; Jemma Redgrave, actress, 56; Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, TV chef, 56; Zakk Wylde, guitarist (Black Label Society) 54; Emily Watson, actress, 54; L L Cool J (James Todd Smith), rapper/actor, 53; Dave Grohl, guitarist/drummer/singer-songwriter (Foo Fighters) 52; Jason Bateman, actor, 52; Denise Van Outen, actress/broadcaster, 47; Caleb Followill, guitarist/singer-songwriter (Kings of Leon) 39; Jack P. Shepherd, actor, 33; Frankie Bridge, singer (The Saturdays) 32; Grant Gustin, actor, 31.