1236: Henry III marries Eleonora of Provence.
1690: The clarinet is invented in Germany.
1724: King Philip V of Spain abdicates.
1742: Death of astronomer and mathematician Edmond Halley aged 85.
1892: Death of Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, now often mentioned as a possible suspect by investigations into the identity of Jack The Ripper.
1898: Death of author Lewis Carroll (Charles Dodgson) aged 65.
1900: Puccini’s opera “Tosca” premieres in Rome.
1943: Franklin D Roosevelt becomes the first American president to travel by airplane when he flies to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill and Charles de Gaulle in Casablanca.
1954: Baseball star Joe Dimaggio marries Marilyn Monroe.
1957: Death of actor Humphrey Bogart from cancer aged 57.
1969: Sir Matt Busby retires as manager of Manchester United.
1972: Margrethe II becomes the first Queen of Denmark since 1412.
1973: Two RUC officers are killed in Derry by a booby-trap bomb attached to their car by the IRA.
1975: 17-year-old heiress Lesley Whittle is kidnapped in Shropshire by the “Black Panther” Donald Nielson.
1977: Death of former prime minister Anthony Eden aged 79. On the same day, actor Peter Finch dies aged 60.
1978: The Sex Pistols played their last show, disintegrating onstage at the Winterland Ballroom in San Francisco where Johnny Rotten yelled to the crowd, “Ever get the feeling you’ve been cheated?” On the same day, Chariots of Fire athlete Harold Abrahams dies aged 78.
1992: Jerry Nolan, former drummer with the New York Dolls, suffers a fatal stroke aged 45.
1994: The Duchess of Kent converts to Catholicism, the first member of the Royal Family to do so in more than 300 years.
2004: The national flag of Georgia is restored to official use after a hiatus of some 500 years.
2006: Actress Shelley Winters dies aged 85.
2016: Death of actor Alan Rickman aged 69.
BIRTHDAYS: Jack Jones, singer, 82; Faye Dunaway, actress, 79; Carl Weathers, actor, 72; Chas Smash (Cathal Smyth), singer/trumpet (Madness) 61; Steven Soderbergh, director, 57; Mark Addy, actor, 56; Jemma Redgrave, actress, 55; Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, TV chef, 55; Zakk (Zachary) Wylde, guitarist, 53; Emily Watson, actress, 53; LL Cool J, (James Smith) rapper/actor 52; Dave Grohl, musician (Foo Fighters) 51; Jason Bateman, actor, 51; Denise van Outen, TV personality/actress, 46; Caleb Followill, guitarist (Kings of Leon) 38; Jack P Shepherd, actor, 32; Frankie Sandford Bridge, singer (The Saturdays) 31; Grant Gustin, actor, 30.