It happened today – this day in history – January 16

550: The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege by bribing the Isaurian garrison.

1362: A storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German island of Strand and the city of Rungholt

1493: Christopher Columbus leaves the New World and sets sail for Spain.

1547: Seventeen year-old Ivan the Terrible crowns himself first tsar of Moscow.

1572: Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.

1581: Parliament passes laws against Catholicism.

1707: The Act of Union is ratified by the Scottish Parliament.

1756: Britain and Prussia sign the Treaty of Westminster.

1761: The British capture Pondicherry, India, from the French.

1777: Vermont declares independence from New York.

1780: The British fleet under Admiral Sir George Rodney defeats the Spanish at the Battle of Cape St Vincent.

1793: Louis XVI of France is sentenced to death by the National Convention.

1809: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna in the Peninsula War.

1862: A disaster at the Hartley Colliery in Northumberland results in 204 deaths.

1870: Virginia becomes the eighth state readmitted to US after the civil war.

1900: The US gains control over Tutuila in Samoa and several other smaller Pacific islands.

1920: Georgia declares independence from Russia.

1924: The Conservative government of Stanley Baldwin resigns.

1933: Australian batsman Bert Oldfield’s skull is fractured by a delivery bowled by England’s Harold Larwood during the third “Bodyline” test in Adelaide.

1939: The IRA begins a bombing campaign in England.

1942: Actress Carole Lombard (Jane Peters), wife of Clark Gable, dies in a plane crash aged 33.

1943: The Red Army recaptures Pitomnik Airport at Stalingrad.

1944: General Dwight D Eisenhower takes command of the Allied Invasion Force in London.

1945: Hitler moves into his underground bunker in Berlin.

1947: Vincent Aurial is elected President of France.

1951: The Viet Minh launch an offensive against Hanoi.

1956: President Nasser of Egypt pledges to reconquer Palestine.

1957: The Cavern Club opens in Matthew Street, Liverpool.


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1963: Nikita Khrushchev claims the Soviet Union has a 100-megaton nuclear bomb. On the same day, The Whiskey A-Go-Go opens in LA.

1966: Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi becomes the leader of Nigeria after a military coup.

1969: Soviet Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 perform the first crew transfer in space.

1970: Two days after it opened, the Bag One Gallery in London is raided by police who remove eight John Lennon lithographs under the Obscene Publications Act.

1972: The Dallas Cowboys beat the Miami Dolphins, 24-3 to win the Super Bowl.

1979: The Shah of Iran flees the country following months of increasingly violent protests against his regime. On the same day, Addams Family actor Ted Cassidy dies aged 46 from complications after heart surgery.

On TV today (Tuesday):

THAMES


9.31Seeing and Doing

9.47Reading With Lenny

10.01Watch Your Language!

10.18Looking At Television

10.41Facts for Life

11.05Leapfrog

11.22Good Health

11.39The Land

12.00Issi Noho

12.10Rainbow

12.30The Cedar Tree

13.00News at One

13.20Thames News

13.30Crown Court

14.00After Noon Plus

14.25Tuesday Matinee

16.20Michael Bentine’s Potty Time

16.45Magpie

17.15Emmerdale Farm

17.45News at 5.45

18.00Thames at 6

18.25Help!

18.35Crossroads

19.00Give Us a Clue
Charades quiz with team captains Una Stubbs and Lionel Blair


19.30Charlie’s Angels
Series starring Kate Jackson and Jaclyn Smith


20.30Room Service

21.00Strangers
Crime series starring Don Henderson


22.00News at Ten

22.30A Tale of Two Cities

23.30International Snooker


BBC ONE

09.10For Schools, Colleges

12.30Closedown

12.45Midday News

13.00Pebble Mill

13.45Playboard

14.00You and Me

14.14For Schools, Colleges

15.00Closedown

15.20Pobol y Cwm

15.53Regional News (exc London)

15.55Play School

16.20Winsome Witch

16.25Jackanory

16.40Screen Test

17.05John Craven’s Newsround

17.10Grange Hill

17.40Evening.News

17.55Nationwide

18.50The Osmonds

19.20Blake’s Seven
Cheaply made sci-fi series which became a cult


20.10Dallas
Stars Larry Hagman as J R Ewing


21.00Nine O’Clock News

21.25Play for Today: The Chief Mourner
For a successful man with public responsibilities Alan Berry is strangely reluctant to help the police when his wife is murdered.


22.35Tonight

23.15On the Rocks

23.40Weatherman/Regional News


BBC TWO

10.30Worktalk

10.55Interval

11.00Playschool

11.25Closedown

14.30The Business World

14.55Interval

15.00Crime Writers

15.25Interval

15.30The Living City

15.55Interval

16.00Conversazioni

16.25Closedown

17.00Open University

17.40Charlie Chaplin

18.10News on 2 Headlines

18.15In the Making

18.35Indoor Bowls

19.05The Great Egg Race

19.35The Master Game

20.05The Mid-Evening News

20.10Life on Earth
The story of life from the first primitive cells to the plants and animals that now live around us. Written and presented by David Attenborough.


21.05Call My Bluff

21.35Man Alive

22.25George Hamilton IV and Friends

23.15Late News

23.30The Old Grey Whistle Test
Anne Nightingale introduces Chuck Mangione and UFO.

1980: Paul McCartney is jailed for nine days in Tokyo for possession of marijuana after being found with 219g on his arrival at Narita Airport.

1981: Northern Ireland civil rights campaigner and former Westminster MP, Bernadette McAliskey, is shot by gunmen at her home in County Tyrone.

1984: Paul and Linda McCartney are arrested in Barbados-possession of cannabis.

1985: David Bowie’s schizophrenic half-brother Terry Burnes kills himself aged 47 after laying down on the railway lines at Coulsdon South station, London. He is killed instantly by a passing train.

1987: TV presenter Jools Holland is suspended from Channel 4’s The Tube for six weeks, after using the phrase “groovy f*****s” in a live trailer broadcast during children’s hour.

1988: Czech dissident Vaclav Havel is arrested in Prague for taking part in demonstrations against the communist government.

1990: Guitarist Ike Turner is convicted of driving under the influence of cocaine in California and sentenced to four years in prison.

2000: Will Jones, bass vocalist for The Coasters, dies aged 71 from the effects of diabetes.

2001: The President of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Laurent Kabila, is shot and seriously wounded by a bodyguard. On the same day, a fuel tanker runs aground off the island of San Cristobal. On the same day, US President Bill Clinton awards former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honour for his service as one of the legendary “Rough Riders” in the Spanish–American War.

2002: The UN Security Council establishes an arms embargo and freezes the assets of Osama bin Laden, Al-Qaida, and the Taliban.

2004: Michael Jackson appears in court and pleads not guilty to seven charges of child molestation.

2005: Romanian university lecturer Adriana Illiescu gives birth aged 66, becoming the oldest new mother in the world.

2006: Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf is sworn in as president of Liberia and Africa’s first female elected head of state.

2009: Boy George is sentenced to 15 months in prison after being convicted of falsely imprisoning a male escort.

2011: Singles chart:

  1. Grenade – Bruno Mars
  2. Do It Like A Dude – Jessie J
  3. What’s My Name? – Rihanna ft Drake
  4. Lights On – Katy B ft Ms Dynamite
  5. When We Collide – Matt Cardle
  6. Who’s That Chick – David Guetta ft Rihanna
  7. Make You Feel My Love – Adele
  8. The Time (Dirty Bit) – Black Eyed Peas
  9. Like A G6 – Far East Movement/Cataracs/Dev
  10. Eyes Wide Shut – JLS
2011: Ellie Goulding – Lights

Album chart:

  1. Loud – Rihanna
  2. The Defamation Of Strickland Banks – Plan B
  3. The Lady Killer – Cee Lo Green
  4. Seasons Of My Soul – Rumer
  5. Sigh No More – Mumford & Sons
  6. 19 – Adele
  7. Lights – Ellie Goulding
  8. Disc-Overy – Tinie Tempah
  9. Eliza Doolittle – Eliza Doolittle
  10. Progress – Take That

2017: Astronaut Eugene Cernan, 12th man on the Moon, dies aged 82.

2019: Prime Minister Theresa May wins a vote of no confidence in her government by 325 votes to 306. On the same day, Cairo is engulfed by a huge sandstorm.

2020: The impeachment trial of US President Donald Trump begins in the Senate.

BIRTHDAYS: Ronnie Milsap, country singer, 78; Cliff Thorburn, snooker champion, 73; John Carpenter, director/screenwriter/composer, 73; Debbie Allen, actress/dancer, 71; Sade (Helen Folasade Adu) singer-songwriter, 62; James May, TV presenter,, 58; Roy Jones Jr, boxer, 52; Kate Moss, model, 47; Lin-Manuel Miranda, composer/playwright/actor, 41; Nick Valensi, guitarist (The Strokes) 40; Bobby Zamora, football pundit, 40; Samuel Preston, guitarist (The Ordinary Boys) 39; Nicklas Bendtner, footballer, 33; FKA Twigs (Tahliah Barnett) singer-songwriter/actress, 33.