1419: Rouen surrenders to Henry V in the Hundred Years War.
1806: Britain re-occupies the Cape of Good Hope following victory in the Battle of Blaauwberg over French vassal, the Batavian Republic. Establishes British rule in South Africa.
1809: Birth of author Edgar Allen Poe.
1825: Ezra Daggett and nephew Thomas Kensett patent food storage in tin cans.
1839: Birth of French artist Paul Cezanne.
1853: Guiseppe Verdi’s opera “Il Trovatore” premieres in Rome.
1915: Four people in Norfolk are killed in the first German Zeppelin air raid attack on the UK.
1937: Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h 28m 25s).
1942: Japanese forces invade Burma.
1963: The Beatles made their first national TV appearance in the UK on ‘Thank Your Lucky Stars’ performing ‘Please Please Me’.
1966: Indira Gandhi is elected Prime Minister of India.
1967: The Beatles begin recording ‘A Day In The Life’ at EMI Studions in Abbey Road.
1971: Tracks from The Beatles’ White Album (including ‘Helter Skelter), were played in the courtroom at the Sharon Tate murder trial to find out if any songs could have influenced Charles Manson and his followers to commit murder.
1983: Klaus Barbie, SS chief in Lyon in Nazi-occupied France, is arrested in Bolivia.
1988: Bon Jovi and Mötley Crüe manager Doc McGhee pleaded guilty to importing more than 40,000lb of marijuana into the US from Colombia via a shrimp boat.
1995: Jean-Claude Juncker (28) is sworn in as premier of Luxembourg.
1998: Songwriter Carl Perkins died aged 65 from throat cancer.
2000: Death of film star and inventor of radio guidance system for Allied torpedoes in WWII, Hedy Lamarr, dies aged 86.
2001: Mexican drug lord Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán escapes from Puente Grande maximum-security prison near Guadalajara by bribing prison guards and hiding in a laundry cart.
2006: Soul singer Wilson Pickett died in hospital near his Ashburn, Virginia home of a heart attack aged 64.
2007: Former Mamas and the Papas singer Denny Doherty died at the age of 66 after a short illness.
2010: Death of Scottish rugby commentator Bill McLaren.
2013: Lance Armstrong admits to doping in all seven of his Tour de France victories.
2015: Coronation Street actress Anne Kirkbride (Deirdre) dies aged 60.
BIRTHDAYS: Michael Crawford, actor/performer 78; Dolly Parton, country music legend, 74; Katy Sagal, actress, 66; Simon Rattle, conductor, 65; Caron Wheeler, singer, 57; Martin Bashir, journalist, 57; John Bercow, former Speaker of the House of Commons, 57; Wiley (Richard Kylea Cowie Jr ) rapper, 41. Jenson Button, former Formula 1 champion, 40; Tommy Fleetwood, golfer, 29.