17: Death of Roman poet Ovid.
1570: Ivan the Terrible’s march to Novogrod begins.
1757: British troops occupy Calcutta.
1815: Lord Byron marries Anne Isabella Milbanke.
1839: The first photo of the moon by Louis Daguerre.
1843: Wagner’s opera “The Flying Dutchman” premieres in Dresden.
1879: Test cricket’s first “hat-trick” as Australian fast bowler Fred Spofforth dismisses three English batsmen with consecutive deliveries during the third test at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
1885: General Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum.
1903: US President Theodore Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black.
1905: Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia.
1920: Birth of scientist and sci-fi writer Isaac Asimov.
1926: The first issue of The Melody Maker went on sale priced at 3d.
1933: Don Bradman holds off England’s hostile pace bowling to score an unbeaten 103, leading Australia to a 111 run victory in the second ‘Bodyline’ test at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
1935: Bruno Hauptmann goes on trial for the kidnap and murder of aviator Charles Lindberg’s baby.
1955: Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated.
1960: Senator John F Kennedy announces his candidacy for the US Presidency.
1966: The first Jewish child is born in Spain since 1492 expulsion.
1968: Christiaan Barnard performs the second heart transplant on Philip Blaiberg in South Africa. On the same day, Cecil Day-Lewis is appointed Poet Laureate.
1969: Filming began at Twickenham studios in England of The Beatles rehearsing for an album originally called Get Back but eventually released the following year as Let It Be. On the same day, Rupert Murdoch gains control of the ‘News of the World’.
1971: 66 football fans dies in a spectator crush at Ibrox Park after the old firm game between Rangers and Celtic.
1972: Mariner 9 begins mapping Mars.
1974: US country singer, actor and radio presenter Tex Ritter died of a heart attack as he was trying to bail a member of his band out of jail in Nashville.
1977: Death of jazz pianist Erroll Garner.
1979: Sid Vicious went on trial in New York accused of murdering his girlfriend Nancy Spungen.
1983: Death of comedian Dick Emery.
1984: Major-General Muhammadu Buhari is declared head of state in Nigeria following a military coup.
1996: The US deploys troops in Northern Bosnia with the intention of maintaining order and peace between Bosnian Serbs and Muslims.
1997: Randy California, guitarist with Spirit drowned when rescuing his 12-year old son when he was sucked into a riptide off Hawaii.
2019: US international Christian Pulisic becomes the most expensive American soccer player when he moves from Borussia Dortmund to Chelsea for £58million.
BIRTHDAYS: Kerry Minnear, musician (Gentle Giant), 72; Tia Carrere, actress, 53; Francois Pienaar, former South African rugby captain, 53; Cuba Gooding Jr, actor, 52; Christy Turlington, model, 51; Taye Diggs, actor, 49; Lucy Davis, actress, 47; Dax Shepard, actor/director 45; Suranne Jones, actress, 41; Greta Thunberg, activist, 17.