It happened today – this day in history – January 20

1356: Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots.

1921: Republic of Turkey declared out of remnants of Ottoman Empire.

1936: Edward VIII succeeds his father George V.

1941: Bartok’s 6th string quartet, premieres in New York.

1942: Nazi officials hold the Wannsee Conference in Berlin to organize the “final solution”, the extermination of Europe’s Jews.

1945: Franklin D Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented fourth term as US President.

1949: FBI chief J Edgar Hoover gives child star Shirley Temple a tear gas fountain pen.

1961: John F Kennedy is inaugurated as President of the United States.

1965: Legendary American disc-jockey Alan Freed died from uraemia and cirrhosis brought on by alcoholism at the age of 42.

1967: The Monkees TV show was shown for the first time in the UK.

1969: Richard M Nixon inaugurated as US president.

1972: Number of people out of work and claiming unemployment benefit in UK rises to over 1 million.

1980: President Jimmy Carter announces US boycott of the Olympic Games in Moscow.

1981: Ronald Reagan is inaugurated as the 40th President of the US. On the same day, diplomats and citizens held hostage at the US embassy in Tehran are released and begin their journey home after 444 days.

1982: Ozzy Osbourne bites the head off a bat on stage in Des Moines, Iowa, thinking it’s a plastic toy.

1989: George Bush Sr is inaugurated as 41st US President.

1993: Fleetwood Mac re-formed to perform at Bill Clinton’s inauguration. On the same day, actress Audrey Hepburn dies aged 63.

1994: Death of former Manchester United manager Sir Matt Busby aged 84.

2009: Barack Obama inaugurated as the 44th President of the US.

2012: Singer Etta James died from complications of leukemia at the age of 73.

2015: Death of German musician Edgar Froese (Tangerine Dream) aged 70.

2017: Donald Trump is inaugurated as the 45th President of the US.

BIRTHDAYS: Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin, astronaut, 90; Tom Baker, actor, 86; Eric Stewart, musician (10cc) 75; David Lynch, director, 74; Ian Hill, musician (Judas Priest) 68; Paul Stanley, guitarist/singer (Kiss) 68; Bill Maher, comedian/political commentator 64; Heather Small, singer, 55; Rainn Wilson, actor, 53; Nicky Wire (Nicholas Jones), bassist (Manic Street Preachers) 51; Gary Barlow, singer/songwriter (Take That) 49; Sid Wilson, DJ/musician (Slipknot) 43; Will Young, singer, 41; Nathan Connolly, musician (Snow Patrol) 39; Owen Hargreaves, former footballer, 39.

Mick Ferris

Editor Email: [email protected]