1371: King Robert II of Scotland is crowned, becoming the first monarch of the House of Stewart.
1506: The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrive at the Vatican.
1689: William of Orange (future King William III of Britain), summons Convention Parliament to discuss ruling jointly with his wife Mary (daughter of exiled King James II).
1771: Spain cedes the Falkland Islands to Britain.
1788: Birth of Lord Byron in London.
1831: Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam at Christ’s College, Cambridge, coming tenth out of 171 candidates.
1859: Brahms’ 1st piano concerto (in D minor) premieres in Hanover.
1879: The Battle of Rorke’s Drift: British garrison of 150 holds off 3,000-4,000 Zulu warriors.
1901: Queen Victoria dies aged 81 and is succeeded by Edward VII.
1945: Heavy US air raid on Okinawa.
1953: Arthur Miller’s play “Crucible” premieres in New York.
1959: Alone with an acoustic guitar and tape recorder in his New York apartment Buddy Holly made his last recordings, including ‘Peggy Sue Got Married’, ‘Crying, Waiting, Hoping’, ‘That’s What They Say’, ‘What To Do’, ‘Learning The Game’ and ‘That Makes It Tough’. The recordings would be overdubbed posthumously.
1964: Kenneth Kaunda becomes premier of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia).
1966: The Beach Boys went into the studio to record ‘Wouldn’t It Be Nice’, which would be the opening track on their forthcoming album Pet Sounds.
1971: John Lennon and Yoko Ono record Power To The People.
1973: George Foreman defeats Joe Frazier in 2 rounds to win WBC & WBA heavyweight boxing titles in Kingston, Jamaica. On the same day, former US President Lyndon B Johnson dies at his Texas ranch aged 64.
1980: Russian dissidents Andrei Sakharov and Jelena Bonner arrested in Moscow and banished to Gorky.
1991: Kuwaiti oil facilities are destroyed by Iraqi forces.
1997: Singer Billy MacKenzie from The Associates committed suicide aged 39.
2002: Keyboardist Peter Bardens of the band Camel died from lung cancer aged 57.
2008: Actor Heath Ledger dies of a drug overdose aged 28.
2017: Bass guitar player Pete Overend Watts, founding member of Mott the Hoople died from throat cancer aged 69. On the same day drummer Jaki Leibezeit (Can) died from pneumonia aged 78.
2018: Death of former footballer Jimmy Armfield aged 82.
BIRTHDAYS: Piper Laurie (Rosetta Jacobs) actress, 88; Nigel Pegrum, drummer (Steeleye Span) 71; Steve Perry, singer (Journey) 67; Jim Jarmusch, director, 67; Linda Blair, actress, 61; Andrew Roachford, singer, 55; Steven Adler, drummer (Guns n Roses), 55; Diane Lane, actress, 55; Stan Collymore, former footballer, 49; Jonathan Woodgate, Middlesborough FC manager, 40.