It happened today – this day in history – January 23

1368: Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as Hongwu Emperor, initiating the Ming Dynasty.

1556: The deadliest earthquake ever recorded kills 830,000 in Shaanxi Province, China.

1570: Civil war breaks out then the Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, is assassinated.

1643: Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians in the English Civil War.

1668: England, The Netherlands and Sweden sign a Triple Alliance against the French.

1719: Liechtenstein becomes a sovereign member state of the Holy Roman Empire.

1806: Death of prime minister William Pitt the Younger aged 46.

1832: French impressionist painter Edouard Manet is born in Paris.

1870: 173 Blackfoot native Americans including 140 women and children, are killed in Montana by the US Army.

1913: The “Young Turks” lead a coup d’etat against the Turkish Government.

1920: The Dutch refuse to turn over former Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany to the allies.

1924: Ramsay MacDonald forms Britain’s first Labour Government.

1930: Clyde Tombaugh photographs the planet Pluto.

1931: Russian prima ballerina Anna Pavlova dies pf pneumonia aged 49.

1932: The El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers.

1943: The British 8th army marches into Tripoli.

1944: Norwegian painter Edvard Munch dies aged 80 and bequeaths all of his work to the city of Oslo.

1955: Fourteen people die and dozens are injured when an express train travelling from York to Bristol derails at Sutton Coldfield.

1956: Rock ‘n’ Roll fans in Cleveland aged under 18 are banned from dancing in public unless accompanied by an adult.

1958: Dictator Marcos Perez Jiménez flees Venezuela. On the same day, Hanif Mohammed scores a record 337 runs for Pakistan against the West Indies in just over 16 hours, the longest innings in cricket test history.

1962: British Intelligence officer Kim Philby defects to the Soviet Union.

1967: Pink Floyd begin recording Arnold Layne and Candy And A Current Bun at Sound Techniques Studios, Chelsea.

1969: Working at Apple studios, The Beatles record ten takes of the song Get Back.

1971: Riots break out in the Shankill Road area of Belfast.

1972: The entire population of Istanbul is put under 24-hour house arrest.

Singles chart:

  1. I’d Like To Teach The World To Sing – The New Seekers
  2. Mother Of Mine – Neil Reid
  3. Telegram Sam – T Rex
  4. Horse With No Name – America
  5. Brand New Key – Melanie
  6. I Just Can’t Help Believing – Elvis Presley
  7. Stay With Me – The Faces
  8. Where Did Our Love Go – Donnie Elbert
  9. Morning Has Broken – Cat Stevens
  10. Let’s Stay Together – Al Green
1972: Carole King – Tapestry

Album chart:


  1. Concert For Bangladesh – George Harrison & Friends
  2. Electric Warrior – T Rex
  3. Teaser And The Firecat – Cat Stevens
  4. A Nod’s As Good As A Wink – The Faces
  5. Bridge Over Troubled Water – Simon and Garfunkel
  6. Imagine – John Lennon
  7. Every Picture Tells A Story – Rod Stewart
  8. Led Zeppelin IV – Led Zeppelin
  9. Jesus Christ Superstar – Studio Cast
  10. Tapestry – Carole King

1973: US president, Richard Nixon, appears on national television to announce “peace with honour” in Vietnam. On the same day, Icelandic volcano Helgafell erupts for the first time in 7,000 years. Also, jazz trombonist Kid Ory dies aged 86.

TV on this day (Tuesday)


09.30For Schools

10.30This Week

12.05Inigo Pipkin

12.25Pinky and Perky

12.40First Report

13.00Lunchtime with Wogan

13.30Emmerdale Farm

14.00Harriet’s Back in Town

14.30Good Afternoon

15.00About Britain-Burns Country


16.25Junior Showtime


17.20I Dream of Jeannie
Classic US sit com starring Larry Hagman and Barbara Eden




18.55Father, Dear Father
Sit com starring Patrick Cargill

19.25Film: The Snorkel (1958)
Murder thriller B film

21.00Love Story

22.00News at Ten

22.30Deadline Leeds


23.45The Smith Family


09.38For Schools, Colleges

12.30Ar y Trywydd


13.00Pebble Mill at One

13.30Andy Pandy

13.45Cartoon Time

14.05For Schools, Colleges

14.50Going for a Song

15.20Rolf Harris

15.45Behaviour and Belief

16.10Play School



17.10John Craven’s Newsround

17.15Vision On

17.40Magic Roundabout

17.45National News


18.50Tom and Jerry

19.00British Film Comedy: Raising a Riot (1955)
Kenneth More, as a naval commander who comes home on leave to find himself in charge of his three mischievous children.

20.30Whatever Happened to the Likely Lads?
Comedy series starring James Bolam and Rodney Bewes.

21.00Nine O’Clock News

21.25The Heavyweight Championship of the World
Recorded highlights of Joe Frazier vs George Foreman from Jamaica

22.15Film 73
Joan Bakewell looks at the week’s new films, including Shamus, starring Burt Reynolds and Dyan Cannon.


23.30Late Night News




11.00Play School


17.50Open University


19.05Open University

19.30News Summary

19.35Art at any Price?

20.05International Tennis

21.00A Voyage Around My Father
Dramatisation of the autobiographical story by John Mortimer.

22.20The Old Grey Whistle Test
Presented by Bob Harris with Roberta Flack in the studio.

23.05News Extra

1976: Singer/actor and civil rights activist Paul Robeson dies aged 77.

1978: Guitarist with the band Chicago, Terry Kath, accidentally shoots himself dead. Kath picked up a semi automatic 9mm pistol and, leaning back in a chair, said: “Don’t worry about it … look, the clip is not even in it.” Kath then put the gun to his temple and pulled the trigger, unaware that there was still one round in the chamber. On the same day, Sweden becomes the first nation in the world to ban aerosol sprays, believed to be damaging to the ozone layer.

1983: Bjorn Borg announces his retirement from tennis.

1985: A House of Lords debate is televised for the first time.

1986: Chuck Berry, Jerry Lee Lewis, James Brown, Ray Charles, Buddy Holly, Fats Domino, The Everly Brothers and Elvis Presley are the first inductees to the Rock n Roll Hall Of Fame.

1989: A powerful earthquake strikes Tajikistan. On the same day, Spanish surrealist Salvador Dali dies aged 84.

1990: Allen Collins, guitarist and lead songwriter for Lynyrd Skynyrd dies of pneumonia aged 37.

1991: The world’s largest oil spill is caused by embattled Iraqi forces in Kuwait.On the same day, Tutsis are massacred in and around Ruhengeri, Northern Rwanda.

1993: Graham Gooch scores his 100th century. On the same day, the US female Figure Skating championship is won by Nancy Kerrigan.

1996: The first version of the Java programming language is released.Bez

1999: Princess Caroline of Monaco marries Prince Ernst August of Hanover.

2002: Journalist Daniel Pearl kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan, and subsequently murdered.

2005: Happy Mondays dancer Bez, wins the £50,000 Celebrity Big Brother prize after receiving 54% of the final viewer vote.

2009: The UK officially enters recession.

2012: The EU agrees to embargo Iranian oil in protest against Iran’s alleged nuclear weapons program.

2013: Chelsea’s Eden Hazard is sent off in the Capital One Cup semi final against Swansea for kicking a ballboy. On the same day, the US armed forces overturn a 1994 ban on women serving in combat.

2014: Justin Bieber is arrested after racing his Lamborghini against another car on a Miami Beach street.

2015: Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud is crowned King of Saudi Arabia on the death of this half-brother King Abdullah.

2016: The Zika virus outbreak in Brazil prompts Ecuador, Colombia, El Salvador and Jamaica to recommend women delay pregnancies for up to two years.

2017: Bernie Ecclestone is removed as Formula One boss as Liberty Media completes $8 billion takeover.

2018: Singer-songwriter Neil Diamond retires after being diagnosed with Parkinson’s Disease. On the same day, 12 camels are disqualified from the King Abdulaziz Camel beauty contest in Saudi Arabia after their owners used botox on their lips.

2019: Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido declares himself acting President amid widespread violent protests against President Nicolas Maduro’s regime.

2020: Actress Annabella Sciorra testifies in court that movie mogul Harvey Weinstein raped her 25 years ago.

BIRTHDAYS: Sonny Chiba, actor/martial artist, 82; Gil Gerard, actor, 78; Gary Burton, jazz vibraphonist, 78; Richard Dean Anderson, actress, 71; Robin Zander, singer (Cheap Trick) 68; Princess Caroline of Hanover, 64; Earl Falconer, bassist, (UB40) 62; Mariska Hargitay, actress, 57; Andrei Kanchelskis, footballer, 52; Ewen Bremner, actor, 49; Tiffani Amber Thiessen, actress, 47; Arjen Robben, Dutch footballer, 37; Steven Taylor, footballer, 35.