1643: Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War.
1806: Death of William Pitt the Younger aged 46.
1913: The ‘Young Turks’ lead a coup d’etat against the Turkish Government.
1924: Ramsey MacDonald forms Britain’s first Labour Government.
1930: Clyde Tombaugh photographs Pluto.
1932: El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers.
1944: Death of Norwegian painter Edvard Munch aged 80.
1956: Rock ‘n’ Roll fans in Cleveland aged under 18 are banned from dancing in public unless accompanied by an adult.
1962: Intelligence officer Kim Philby defects to the USSR.
1971: Riots break out in the Shankill Road area of Belfast.
1973: President Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end Vietnam War.
1978: Terry Kath, guitarist with the band Chicago accidentally shot himself dead. After a party he pointed a gun at his head, knowing the clip was empty, but was unaware that a bullet remained in the chamber. He died instantly.
1983: Tennis champion Bjorn Borg announces his retirement at the age of 26.
1989: Death of surrealist Salvador Dali aged 84.
2005: Happy Mondays dancer Bez, won the £50,000 Celebrity Big Brother prize, after gaining 54% of the final viewer vote.
2015: Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud is crowned King of Saudi Arabia, on the death of this half-brother King Abdullah.
2017: Bernie Ecclestone removed as Formula One boss as Liberty Media completes $8 billion takeover.
2018: Singer Neil Diamond retires after being diagnosed with Parkinson’s Disease.
2019: Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido declares himself acting President amid widespread violent protests against President Nicolas Maduro’s regime.
BIRTHDAYS: Sonny Chiba, actor, 81; Anita Pointer, singer (The Pointer Sisters), 72; Richard Dean Anderson, actor, 70; Robin Zander, singer (Cheap Trick) 67; Earl Falconer, bass player (UB40) 61; Mariska Hargitay, actress, 56; Arjen Robben, former footballer, 36.