1327: Edward III acceeds to the English throne after the abdication of Edward II.
1533: Henry VIII marries his second wife Anne Boleyn.
1554: Founding of the city of São Paulo in Brazil.
1759: Birth of Scottish poet Robert Burns in Alloway.
1802: Napoleon Bonaparte becomes President of the Italian republic.
1817: Premiere of Gioachino Rossini’s opera “La Cenerentola” (Cinderella) in Rome.
1839: Henry Fox Talbot exhibits early photographs to the Royal Institution.
1840: American naval expedition under Charles Wilkes is the first to identify Antarctica as a new continent.
1858: “The Wedding March” by Felix Mendelssohn is first played, at the wedding of Queen Victoria’s daughter Princess Victoria, to crown prince Frederick of Prussia.
1877: The US Congress establishes the Electoral Commission to determine the disputed presidential election between Rutherford B Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden.
1881: Inventors Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.
1882: Birth of author Virginia (Adeline) Woolf in London.
1890: Journalist Nellie Bly beats Phileas Fogg’s fictitious time around world by eight days.
1915: Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated when Alexander Graham Bell in New York calls Thomas Watson in San Francisco.
1916: Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary.
1918: Russia is declared a republic of Soviets.
1919: Founding of the League of Nations.
1924: The first Winter Olympic Games open in Chamonix, France.
1939: Joe Louis KOs John Henry Lewis in Round 1 for the heavyweight boxing title. On the same day the first nuclear fission experiment (splitting of a uranium atom) in the US occurs in the basement of Pupin Hall, Columbia University by a team including Enrico Fermi.
1947: Gangster Al Capone dies of syphillis aged 48.
1955: Russia ends state of war with Germany. On the same day, Columbia University scientists develop an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years.
1961: Military coup in El Salvador.
1962: Singles chart:
- The Young Ones – Cliff Richard
- Stranger On The Shore – Acker Bilk
- Happy Birthday Sweet Sixteen – Neil Sedaka
- Let There Be Drums – Sandy Nelson
- Multiplication – Bobby Darin
- I’d Never Find Another You – Billy Fury
- Run To Him – Bobby Vee
- Forget Me Not – Eden Kane
- Midnight In Moscow – Kenny Ball and his Jazzmen
- Walk On By – Leroy Van Dyke
1964: The Beatles get their first No 1 single in the US with I Want To Hold Your Hand.
1971: General Idi Amin seizes power in Uganda while President Milton Obote is away on a foreign visit. On the same day, Charles Manson is convicted for his part in the murders of actress Sharon Tate and her house guests in 1969.
1980: The Dutch government demands its athletes boycott the Moscow Olympics. On the same day, Paul McCartney is released from a Tokyo jail and deported after trying to enter Japan with marijuana in his luggage.
1981: Chairman Mao’s widow Jiang Qing is sentenced to death in China. On the same day, the Oakland Raiders beat the Philadelphia Eagles, 27-10 to win the Super Bowl.
1990: Death of film star Ava Gardner aged 67.
1981: Former Labour cabinet ministers Shirley Williams, Roy Jenkins, William Rodgers and David Owen announce their intention to form their own political party, which they refer to as a “council for social democracy”.
1986: Bob Dylan’s former manager Albert Grossman dies of a heart attack while flying on Concorde from New York to London.
1987: The New York Giants beat the Denver Broncos, 39-20 to win the Super Bowl.
1990: Thirty nine people die when a storm hits England and Wales.
1992: Monica Seles defeats American Mary Joe Fernández 6-2, 6-3 to win the Australian Open.
1995: After being sent off in a Premier League match at Crystal Palace, Manchester United’s Eric Cantona launches a king-fu attack on Palace fan Matthew Simmonds. He receives an eight-month ban from football.
1998: Spice Girl Victoria Adams and footballer David Beckham announce their engagement. On the same day, The Queen Mother, 97, has hip replacement surgery. Also, the Denver Broncos beat the Green Bay Packers, 31-24 to win the Super Bowl.
1999: An earthquake in Columbia kills 1,000 people. On the same day, six members of the International Olympic Committee face expulsion following an inquiry into a corruption scandal. On the same day, horror film “The Blair Witch Project” premieres at the Sundance Film festival.
2004: NASA’s Opportunity Rover lands on the surface of Mars.
2009: Album chart:
- To Lose My Life – White Lies
- Only By The Night – Kings of Leon
- The Script – The Script
- The Fame – Lady Gaga
- Songs For You Truths For Me – James Morrison
- Rockferry – Duffy
- I Am Sasha Fierce – Beyonce
- We Sing We Dance We Steal Things – Jason Mraz
- Chasing Lights – The Saturdays
- Oracular Spectacular – MGMT
2011: Revolution begins in Egypt with a series of street demonstrations, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, strikes and violent clashes in Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities.
2015: Greek singer Demis Roussos dies aged 68.
2017: Actress/producer Mary Tyler Moore dies aged 80. On the same day, actor John Hurt dies aged 77.
2019: The longest-ever US government shutdown ends after 35 days when President Donald Trump agrees to three week of negotiations on border security by a House-Senate conference committee. On the same day, Roger Stone, a political lobbyist for Trump, is arrested as part of Mueller investigation for obstruction of justice, witness tampering and making false statements.
BIRTHDAYS: Tostão (Eduardo Gonçalves de Andrade), Brazilian footballer, 75; John Cooper Clarke, poet, 73; Peter Tatchell, activist, 70; Malcolm Green, drummer, (Split Enz) 69; Andy Cox, guitarist (Fine Young Cannibals) 66; David Ginola, footballer, 55; Nuno Espirito Santo, football manager, 48; Xavi (Xavier Hernández Creus) Spanish footballer, 42; Alicia Keys (Cook), singer-songwriter, 41; Robinho (Robson de Souza) Brazilian footballer, 38; Jordan Stephens, rapper (Rizzle Kicks) 30; Adama Traore, footballer, 26.