1340: England’s Edward III is proclaimed king of France.
1531: An earthquake hits Lisbon, killing 30,000.
1564: The Council of Trent issues its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
1666: France declares war on England and Munster.
1697: Isaac Newton receives a 6 month time-limit problem from Jean Bernoulli and solves it before going to bed.
1736: Stanislaw I of Poland abdicates.
1788: Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoist the Union Flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, Australia.
1790: Mozart’s opera “Cosi Fan Tutte” premieres in Vienna.
1808: The Rum Rebellion is a short lived armed takeover of the government in Australia.
1823:The father of immunology, Edward Jenner, dies aged 73.
1837: Michigan becomes the 26th state of the USA.
1841: Hong Kong is proclaimed as a sovereign territory of Britain.
1857: Trinley Gyatso, 12th Dalai Lama, is born in Tibet.
1861: Louisiana secedes from the Union in the American Civil War.
1875: The electric dental drill is patented by George F Green.
1885: Mahdi rebels conquer Khartoum.
1891: Oscar Wilde’s “Duchess of Padua” premieres in New York.
1905: The world’s largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa.
1907: John Millington Synge’s “Playboy of Western World” opens in Dublin.
1911: Glenn Curtiss pilots the first successful hydroplane.
1926: John Logie Baird gives the first public demonstration of television in his laboratory in London.
1932: Sixty die when the British submarine M-2 sinks in English Channel.
1939: Franco’s troops conquer Barcelona.
1942: The first US forces in Europe during the Second World War go ashore in Northern Ireland.
1945: Soviet forces liberate the inmates at Auschwitz concentration camp.
1950: India becomes a republic.
1952: 20 people are killed and hundreds are injured in anti-British riots in Cairo.
1956: The Winter Olympic Games opens in Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy.
1957: India annexes Kashmir.
1962: Chubby Checker’s The Twist is banned from all catholic schools in the Buffalo diocese. On the same day, the US launches Ranger 3, which misses the Moon by 22,000 miles.
1965: The South Vietnamese military stages a coup under general Nguyen Khanh.
1969: Police break up a march by hundreds of demonstrators in central Prague. On the same day, Margaret Court wins the first Australian Open tennis tournament, beating Billie Jean King 6-4, 6-1.
1972: Serbian air stewardess Vesna Vulovic survives the highest ever fall without a parachute – 10,160m.
1973: Hollywood actor Edward G. Robinson (Goldenberg) dies aged 79.
1975: Singles chart:
- January – Pilot
- Ms Grace – The Tymes
- The Bump – Kenny
- Never Can Say Goodbye – Gloria Gaynor
- Morning Side Of The Mountain – Donny & Marie Osmond
- Down Down – Status Quo
- Help Me Make It Through The Night – John Holt
- Goodbye My Love – The Glitter Band
- Promised Land – Elvis Presley
- Sugar Candy Kisses – Mac and Katie Kissoon
- Elton John’s Greatest Hits – Elton John
- His Greatest Hits – Engelbert Humperdinck
- Tubular Bells – Mike Oldfield
- Can’t Get Enough – Barry White
- Sheer Heart Attack – Queen
- David Essex – David Essex
- The Dark Side Of The Moon – Pink Floyd
- The Singles 1969-1973 – The Carpenters
- Mud Rock – Mud
- Rollin’ – Bay City Rollers
1977: Former Fleetwood Mac guitarist and songwriter, Peter Green, is committed to a mental hospital after threatening his accountant with an air rifle when he tried to deliver a £30,000 royalty cheque to him.
1980: Israel & Egypt establish diplomatic relations. On the same day, Mary Decker becomes the first woman to run a mile in under 4½ minutes.
1982: Unemployment in the UK tops 3 million.
1986: Allen Collins, guitarist from Lynyrd Skynyrd, is paralysed from the waist down and his girlfriend is killed in a car crash.
1992: The Washington Redskins beat the Buffalo Bills, 37-24 to win the Super Bowl.
1997: The Green Bay Packers beat the New England Patriots, 35-21 to win the Super Bowl.
1998: US President Bill Clinton denies allegations he had an affair with 24-year-old intern Monica Lewinsky or that he asked her to lie under oath.
2001: A massive earthquake strikes western India and parts of Pakistan, killing 25,000.
2003: Singer-songwriter Billy Joel is airlifted to hospital after his car smashes into a tree in The Hamptons, New York. On the same day, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers beat the Oakland Raiders, 48-21 to win the Super Bowl.
2005: Condoleeza Rice becomes US Secretary of State.
2014: Lorde and Daft Punk are amongst the winners at the Grammy Awards.
2015: Libby Lane is ordained as the first female bishop in the Church of England.
2019: Composer Michel Legrand, dies aged 86.
2020: Basketball legend Kobe Bryant dies in a helicopter crash. On the same day, Billie Eilish scoops five awards at the Grammys.
BIRTHDAYS: Scott Glenn, actor, 81; Corky (Laurence) Laing, drummer (Mountain), 74; David Strathairn, actor, 73; Lucinda Williams, singer-songwriter, 69; Anita Baker, singer, 64; Ellen DeGeneres, comedian/TV host, 64; Andrew Ridgley (Wham!) 59; Jose Mourinho, Spurs manager, 59; Jazzie B (Trevor Beresford Romeo OBE), producer/songwriter/DJ, 59; Wendy Melvoin, guitarist, (The Revolution/Wendy & Lisa) 58; Brendan Rodgers, Leicester City manager, 49; Colin O’Donoghue, actor, 41; Tyger Drew-Honey, actor, 26.