1556: Willem of Orange becomes a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
1591: Scottish schoolmaster Dr. John Fian is burned at the stake for witchcraft at Castle Hill, Edinburgh, by order of James VI during the Berwick witch trials.
1671: Pirate Henry Morgan lands at the gates of Panama City.
1695: Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II.
1731: Death of Bartolomeo Cristofori, inventor of the piano, aged 75.
1756: Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is born in Salzburg, Austria.
1820: A Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discovers the continent of Antarctica.
1825: US Congress approves Indian Territory (Oklahoma), clearing the way for the forced relocation of Eastern Indian tribes via the “Trail of Tears”.
1832: Author Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson) is born in Daresbury, Cheshire.
1859: Kaiser Wilhelm II is born in Berlin.
1880: Thomas Edison patents the electric incandescent lamp.
1885: Composer Jerome Kern is born in New York.
1886: The British government of Lord Salisbury resigns.
1897: British troops occupy Bida on the Gold Coast (present day Ghana).
1901: Death of composer Guiseppe Verdi aged 77.
1908: Discovery of Pasiphaë, a satellite of Jupiter, by astronomer Philibert Jacques Melotte.
1915: US Marines occupy Haiti.
1924: Lenin’s body is placed in the mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow. On the same day, Clas Thunberg of Finland wins three gold medals in one day when he wins the 1,500m, 10,000m and all-round speed skating events at the first Winter Olympics in Chamonix.
1934: English tennis legend Fred Perry beats Jack Crawford of Australia 6-3, 7-5, 6-1 to his only Australian title.
1941: Peruvian ambassador Ricardo Rivera-Schreiber warns the American ambassador of Japanese plans for an assault on the naval base at Pearl Harbour, Hawaii.
1943: The first US air attack on Germany over Wilhelmshafen.
1944: The Nazi Siege of Stalingrad is finally lifted by the Soviets after 880 days and the deaths of 2 million Russians.
1948: The first tape recorder is sold.
1954: Archie Moore beats Joey Maxim by a unanimous decision to retain his world light heavyweight boxing title.
1967: Astronauts Gus Grisson, Edward White and Roger Chaffee die when fire engulfs the Apollo 1 capsule during a test run on the launch pad at Cape Kennedy. On the same day, The Beatles The Beatles sign a new nine-year worldwide contract with EMI.
1968: The French submarine Minerve disappears in the Mediterranean with the loss of 52 crew.
1969: 14 spies are hanged in Baghdad while in Damascus, nine Jews are publicly executed.
1970: John Lennon writes, records, mixes and releases his new single Instant Karma in one day.
1972: Two RUC officers are shot dead by the IRA in an attack on their patrol car in the Creggan Road, Londonderry. On the same day, the British Army and the IRA engage in gun battles near County Armagh. Also, gospel singer Mahalia Jackson dies of heart failure and complications of diabetes aged 60.
1973: William Rogers of the US and Vietnam’s Nguyen Duy Trinh sign a cease-fire agreement, ending the longest war and military draft in the US’s history.
1977: The Clash sign for CBS Records in the UK.
1980: Rhodesia opposition leader Robert Mugabe makes a triumphant return to his home country after five years in exile.
1984: Michael Jackson is rushed to hospital with burns to his head after a stunt for a Pepsi commercial goes wrong.
1991: The New York Giants beat the Buffalo Bills, 20-19 to win the Super Bowl in Tampa. On the same day, Boris Becker wins the Australian Tennis Open, beating Ivan Lendl 1-6, 6-4, 6-4, 6-4.
1992: Boxer Mike Tyson goes on trial for rape. On the same day, Democrat Presidential candidate Bill Clinton and Genifer Flowers accuse each other of lying over her assertion they had a 12-year affair.
1996: The first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane, is overthrown in a military coup.
1998: Soul singer James Brown is charged with possession of marijuana and unlawful use of a firearm after police were called to his South Carolina home.
2008: Singles chart:
- Now You’re Gone – Basshunter ft DJ Mental Theo
- Chasing Pavements – Adele
- Rockstar – Nickelback
- Don’t Stop The Music – Rihanna
- Superstar – Lupe Fiasco ft Matthew Santos
- Piece Of Me – Britney Spears
- Work – Kelly Rowland
- Elvis Ain’t Dead – Scouting For Girls
- Crank That – Soulja Boy
- Be Mine – Robyn
- Scouting For Girls – Scouting For Girls
- Raising Sand – Robert Plant & Alison Krauss
- This Is The Life – Amy MacDonald
- Hand Built By Robots – Newton Faulkner
- The Trick To Life – Hoosiers
- Beautiful World – Take That
- Lupe Fiasco’s The Cool – Lupe Fiasco
- Good Girl Gone Bad – Rihanna
- Life In Cartoon Motion – Mika
- All The Right Reasons – Nickelback
2009: Novelist John Updike dies aged 76.
2010: Novelist J D Salinger dies aged 91.
2014: Folk singer and activist Pete Seeger dies at the age of 94.
2017: President Donald Trump issues an executive order banning travel to the US for seven mostly Muslim countries and suspending admission for refugees.
2018: The Taliban claims responsibility when a bomb in an ambulance kills over 100 people in Kabul, Afghanistan. On the same day, Caroline Wozniacki beats Simona Halep 7-6, 3-6, 6-4 to win the Australian Open.
BIRTHDAYS: James Cromwell, actor, 81; Nick Mason, drummer (Pink Floyd) 77; Mikhail Baryshnikov, actor/dancer, 73; Brian Downey, drummer (Thin Lizzy) 70; Mimi (Miriam) Rogers, actress, 65; Janick Gers, guitarist (Iron Maiden) 64; Gillian Gilbert, keyboards, (New Order) 60; Bridget Fonda, actress, 57; Alan Cumming OBE, actor, 56; Tricky (Adrian Thawes) rapper, 53; Mike Patton, singer, (Faith No More) 53; Patton Oswalt, actor/writer, 52; Mark Owen, singer-songwriter (Take That) 49; Rosamund Pike, actress, 42; Marat Safin, tennis champion, 41; Daisy Lowe, model, 32.