1556: Willem of Orange becomes a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
1671: Pirate Henry Morgan lands at the gates of Panama City.
1756: Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is born in Salzburg.
1820: Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica.
1825: US Congress approves Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for the forced relocation of the Eastern Indian tribes via the “Trail of Tears”.
1832: Birth of author Lewis Carroll (Charles Dodgson).
1880: Thomas Edison patents the electric incandescent lamp.
1901: Death of composer Guiseppe Verdi aged 77.
1934: Fred Perry wins his only Australian tennis title.
1944: The Siege of Leningrad lifted by the Soviets after 880 days and more than 2 million Russians killed.
1945: Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland.
1948: The first tape recorder is sold.
1967: A fire in the Apollo 1 Command Module kills astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White and Roger B. Chaffee during a launch rehearsal.
1970: John Lennon wrote, recorded and mixed Instant Karma all in one day.
1972: Gospel singer Mahalia Jackson died in Chicago of heart failure and diabetes complications aged 60. On the same day, two Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are shot dead by the IRA in an attack on their patrol car in the Creggan Road, Londonderry.
1980: Robert Mugabe returns to Rhodesia after five years in exile.
1984: Michael Jackson receives serious burns when his hair catches fire while filming a Pepsi commercial.
1992: Mike Tyson goes on trial for rape. On the same day, Bill Clinton and Genifer Flowers accuse each other of lying over her assertion they had a 12-year affair.
1995: Eric Cantona of Manchester United is fined and banned from playing football after attacking a fan.
2010: Death of novelist J D Salinger aged 91.
2014: American folk singer and activist Pete Seegar died at the age of 94.
2017: Donald Trump issues executive order banning travel to the US for seven mostly Muslim countries and suspending admission for refugees.
2018: Caroline Wozniacki beats Simona Halep to win the Australian Women’s Open tennis title.
BIRTHDAYS: Mohammed Al Fayed, businessman, 87; Nick Mason, drummer (Pink Floyd) 76; Mikhail Baryshnikov, ballet dancer/actor 72; Brian Downey, drummer (Thin Lizzy) 69; Mimi Rogers, actress, 64; Frank Miller, author/director 63; Gillian Gilbert (Morris), musician (New Order) 59; Bridget Fonda, actress, 56; Alan Cumming, actor, 55; Tricky (Adrian Thawes) musician, 52; Mike Patton, singer (Faith No More) 52; Patton Oswalt, actor, 51; Mark Owen, singer (Take That) 48; Rosamund Pike, actress, 41; Marat Safin, former tennis player, 40.