814: Death of Charlemagne aged 71.
1099: 1st Crusaders begins siege of Hosn-el-Akrad Syria..
1225: Birth of St Thomas Aquinas
1457: Birth of Henry VII at Pembroke Castle.
1547:Nine-year-old Edward VI succeeds Henry VIII as king.
1596: Sir Francis Drake dies of dysentery aged 50.
1624:Sir Thomas Warner founds the first English colony in the Caribbean, on St Kitts.
1689: Parliament resolves that the English throne is vacant.
1770: Frederick North becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain after Augustus FitzRoy resigns.
1807: London’s Pall Mall becomes the first street lit by gaslight.
1813: Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice” is published.
1887: Work begins on the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
1932: Japanese forces attack Shanghai.
1935: Iceland becomes the first western country to legalise abortion.
1939: Death of poet W B Yeates aged 73.
1953: 19-year old Derek Bentley is hanged in Wandsworth Prison, controversially convicted of the murder of a police officer. He was pardoned in 1998.
1958: The Lego company patents its design of Lego bricks.
1960: The last Goon Show is broadcast on radio.
1961: Republic of Rwanda proclaimed.
1983: Singer Billy Fury (Ronald Wycherley) died of heart failure aged 42.
1985: The recording took place for We Are The World at A&M Studios in Hollywood.
1986: Space Shuttle Challenger explodes 73 seconds after lift off from Cape Canaveral, with all 7 crew members killed.
1991: Dictator Siad Barre flees Somalia ending 22 year rule.
1996: Death of Jerry Siegel, co-creator of Superman, aged 81.
2005: Drummer and singer songwriter Jim Capaldi (Traffic) died of stomach cancer aged 60.
2009: Lynyrd Skynyrd keyboard player Billy Powell died at the age of 56 of a suspected heart attack in Florida.
2015: Funk legend Sly Stone was awarded £3.3m ($5m) in missed royalties by a Los Angeles court.
2016: Jefferson Airplane guitarist Paul Kantner died in San Francisco at the age of 74.
2019: US Justice Department charges Chinese firm Huawei with bank and wire fraud.
BIRTHDAYS: Alan Alda (Alphonso D’Abruzzo), actor, 84; Robert Wyatt, musician, 75; Nicolas Sarkozy, former president of France, 65; Frank Skinner, comedian, 63; Sarah McLachlan, singer/songwriter, 52; Lee Latchford-Evans, singer (Steps) 45; Joe Fatone, singer (NSYNC) 43; Jamie Carragher, football pundit, 42; Nick Carter, singer (Backstreet Boys, 40; Elijah Wood, actor, 39; Jessica Ennis Hill, former athlete, 34; Ariel Winter, actress, 22.