1728: John Gay’s “Beggar’s Opera” premieres in London.
1781: Mozart’s opera “Idomeneo” premieres in Munich.
1820: Death of George III aged 81.
1834: President Jackson orders first use of US troops to suppress a labour dispute.
1845: Edgar Allen Poe’s poem “Raven” is published.
1856: The Victoria Cross is established to acknowledge valour in the face of the enemy.
1862: Birth of composer Frederick Delius in Bradford.
1863: American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho.
1888: Poet Edward Lear dies aged 75.
1892: The Coca-Cola Company is incorporated in Atlanta, Georgia.
1916: The first bombing of Paris by German zeppelins takes place.
1942: First broadcast of “Desert Island Discs” on BBC radio.
1944: 285 German bombers attack London.
1949: Britain, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand and Switzerland recognise Israel.
1959: ‘The Great Smog’ hits London, many die of chest and lung-related illnesses.
1964: The ninth Winter Olympic Games open in Innsbruck, Austria. On the same day, film star Alan Ladd dies from an overdose at 50.
1979: 16-year-old Brenda Spencer killed two people and wounded nine others when she fired from her house across the street onto the entrance of San Diego’s Grover Cleveland Elementary School. When asked why she did it, she answered ‘I don’t like Mondays.’ The Boomtown Rats went on to write and record a song based on the event.
1985: Oxford University refuses to award Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher an honorary degree.
1992: Blues singer and guitarist Willie Dixon died of heart failure.
2009: Singer-songwriter John Martyn died in Ireland at the age of 60.
2015: Poet, singer-songwriter, and actor Rod McKuen died aged 81.
2019: Actor Jussie Smollett suffers suspected racist and homophobic attack in Chicago.
BIRTHDAYS: Leslie Bricusse, lyricist, 89; Germaine Greer, author, 81; Katherine Ross, actress, 80; Tony Blackburn, DJ, 77; Andrew Loog Oldham, producer/former manager, 76; Tom Selleck, actor, 75; Tim Healy, actor, 68; Peter Baumann, musician (Tangerine Dream) 67; Rob Manzoli, musician (Right Said Fred), 66; Oprah Winfrey, TV host/actress, 66; Dave Baynton-Power, drummer (James) 59; Eddie Jackson, bassist (Queensryche) 59; Anna Ryder Richardson, interior designer, 56; Roddy Frame, singer/songwriter (Aztec Camera) 56; Heather Graham, actress, 50; Sara Gilbert, actress/TV host 45; Rag n Bone Man (Rory Graham) 35.