1505: Thomas Tallis, English composer, born in Kent.
1647: After nine months of negotiations, Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to the English Parliament for around £100,000.
1648: Spain and The Netherlands sign Peace of Munster, ending the Thirty Years War.
1649: Charles I is beheaded for treason.
1661: Oliver Cromwell is ritually executed after having been dead for two years.
1804: Scottish explorer Mungo Park leaves England seeking the source of the Niger River.
1806: Prussia takes possession of Hanover.
1826: The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world’s first modern suspension bridge, connecting Anglesey to the north west coast of Wales is opened.
1835: Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington, D.C. In the first attempted assassination of a US President.
1847: Yerba Buena is renamed San Francisco.
1858: Charles Hallé founds the Halle Orchestra in Manchester.
1883: England cricket team presented with the ashes of a bail after Sydney Test.
1889: Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
1902: Britain and Japan sign a treaty which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan’s ‘special interest’ in Korea.
1913: The House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill.
1921: French rapist-murderer Henri-Desire Landru is sentenced to death.
1933: President Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Reich Chancellor of Germany. Hindenburg’s former WWI colleague, General Erich Ludendorff, sends a letter to him stating: “this accursed man will cast our Reich into the abyss and bring our nation to inconceivable misery”.
1942: Japanese troops land on Ambon.
1944: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands.
1948: Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse. On the same day, aviation pioneer Orville Wright dies aged 76.
1956: Elvis Presley started recording what would be his first album at RCA’s New York Studios. Songs recorded included his version the Carl Perkins song ‘Blue Suede Shoes’.
1965: State funeral of Winston Churchill at St Paul’s Cathedral in London. Then world’s largest ever state funeral.
1969: The Beatles with Billy Preston, played their lunchtime rooftop gig on top of the Apple building on Savile Row, London. Lasting for just over 40 minutes it was the last time they played live.
1972: Bloody Sunday: 27 unarmed civilians are shot (14 killed) by the British Army during a civil rights march in Derry – the highest death toll from a single shooting incident during ‘the Troubles’.
1973: Jury finds Watergate defendants G Gordon Liddy and James McCord guilty on all counts.
1975: Erno Rubik applies for a patent for his “Magic Cube” invention.
1976: George H. W. Bush becomes 11th director of CIA.
1982: Blues singer, songwriter, guitarist Lightnin’ Hopkins died of cancer aged 70. On the same day, Richard Skrenta writes the first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot program called “Elk Cloner”.
1988: During a court case involving Holly Johnson and ZTT Records it was revealed that Frankie Goes To Hollywood had not played on their hits ‘Relax’ and ‘Two Tribes’. The court was told that top session musicians were used to make the records.
1989: Five Pharaoh sculptures from 1470 BC found at temple of Luxor.
1990: Unhappy with the re-issue of the band’s early single ‘Sally Cinnamon’ The Stone Roses trashed their former record company Revolver FM’s offices and threw paint over cars. The band were arrested and charged with criminal damage.
2003: Shoe bomber Richard Reid is sentenced to life in prison for attempting to bomb an American Airlines flight with 197 on board.
2007: Death of novelist Sidney Sheldon aged 89.
2008: Seath of TV host Jeremy Beadle aged 59.
2011: Death of film score composer John Barry aged 77.
2016: Boko Haram militants on motorcycles attack Dalori village near Maiduguri, Nigeria, killing at least 65 and injuring 136.
2019: Scientists reveal discovery of cavity six miles long, 1,000 feet deep under Thwaites Glacier in West Antarctica, leading to fears it might collapse and raise sea levels by two feet.
BIRTHDAYS: Gene Hackman, actor, 90; Vanessa Redgrave, actress, 83; Dick Cheney, US politician, 79; Phil Collins, musician, 69; Curtis Strange, golfer, 65; Payne Stewart, golfer, 63; Mark Eitzel, guitarist, singer, songwriter, 61; Jody Watley, singer, 59; Darren Boyd, actor, 49; Christian Bale, actor, 46; Jemima Khan, socialiste, 46; Olivia Coleman, actress, 46; Dimitar Berbatov, former footballer, 39; Peter Crouch, footballer, 39.