46BC: Julius Ceasar defeats Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina.
1642: Charles I attacks Parliament with 400 soldiers.
1698: Most of the palace of Whitehall is destroyed by fire.
1762: Great Britain declares war on Spain & Naples (The Seven Years War).
1865: The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad St.
1948: Burma declares independence from the UK.
1954: Elvis Presley records a 10 minute demo in Nashville.
1958: A team led by Edmund Hillary reaches the South Pole, the first to do so overland using motor vehicles and the first since Scott in 1912.
1959: The Soviet Luna 1 becomes the first craft to leave earth’s gravity.
1960: Author Albert Camus dies in a car accident aged 46.
1965: T S Eliot dies aged 76.
1967: Donald Campbell when his Bluebird K7 crashes on Coniston Water trying to beat his own water speed record.
1970: Chauffeur Neil Boland was accidentally killed when The Who drummer Keith moon ran over him in his Bentley while trying to escape from a gang of skinheads after a fight broke out at a pub in Hatfield.
1974: President Nixon refuses to hand over tapes subpoenaed by the Watergate Committee.
1981: Police arrest Peter Sutcliffe, the “Yorkshire Ripper”.
1986: Thin Lizzy singer and songwriter Phil Lynott died after being in a coma for eight days following a drug overdose.
2004: Britney Spears had her marriage annulled less than 55 hours after tying the knot at the Little White Wedding Chapel in Las Vegas with childhood friend Jason Alexander.
2008: Britney Spears was carried out of her home on a stretcher and taken into custody after police were called in a dispute involving her children.
2011: Singer/songwriter Gerry Rafferty died aged 63.
2018: Liverpool’s Mo Salah is named African Footballer of the Year.
BIRTHDAYS: John Gorman, performer (Scaffold) 84; Dyan Cannon, actress, 83; John McLaughlin, guitarist (Miles Davis/Mahavishnu Orchestra) 78; Bernard Sumner, guitarist (New Order) 64; Matt Frewer, actor, 62; Michael Stipe, singer (REM) 60; Till Lindermann, singer (Rammstein) 57; Beth Gibbons, singer (Portishead) 55; Craig Revel Horwood, Strictly judge, 55; Julia Ormond, actress, 55; Tim Wheeler, guitarist/singer (Ash) 43; James Milner, footballer, 34; Labrinth (Timothy McKenzie), singer/rapper/songwriter, 31.