1017: Cnut the Great is crowned king of England.
1066: King Harold I of England is crowned.
1367: Richard II of England is born in Bordeaux, France.
1617: Courtier George Villiers is made Earl of Buckingham by James I.
1649: The English Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial for treason and other “high crimes”.
1681: The first recorded boxing match takes place between the Duke of Albemarle’s butler and his butcher.
1784: Turkey and Russia sign a treaty in Constantinople.
1809: The invasion of Cayenne, by combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces, begins.
1838: Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail demonstrate their telegraph machine in New Jersey.
1896: Cecil Rhodes resigns as premier of Cape colony.
1900: Boers attack at Ladysmith. On the same day, Maurice Ravel’s “Albaradode Gracioso” premieres in Paris.
1906: Maurice Ravel’s “Miroirs” premieres in Paris.
1912: New Mexico becomes the 47th state of the Union.
1913: Attempting to end hostilities in the Balkans, the London Peace Conference breaks down because Turkey refuses to cede Adrianpole, the Aegean islands and Crete.
1919: Former US President Theodore Roosevelt dies aged 60.
1921: The Iraqi Army is formed.
1925: Mikhail Frunze replaces Leon Trotsky as People’s Commissioner of Military and Native Affairs (Minister of Defence) in Russia as Trotsky and Stalin battle for power in the aftermath of Lenin’s death. On the same day, Mussolini forms a cabinet composed entirely of Fascists in Italy.
1929: Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin a her work amongst India’s poorest.
1933: Clyde Barrow kills Tarrant County Deputy Sheriff Malcolm Davis after walking into a trap set for another criminal.
1940: Nazis carry out a mass execution of Poles in the city of Poznań, Warthegau.
1946: Vietnam holds its first ever general election.
1951: Hundreds of South Korean communist sympathisers are slaughtered in Ganghwa.
1954: Bill Shankly is appointed manager of Division 3 side Workington.
1958: Gibson guitars launches its ‘Flying V’ electric guitar. On the same day, the Bollingen Prize for poetry is awarded to E. E. Cummings.
1968: Surveyor 7 is launched by NASA for a soft-landing on the Moon.
1974: Britain begins a three-day working week during energy crisis.
1977: EMI terminates its contract with The Sex Pistols due to their notorious behaviour in public.
1980: Georgeanna Tillman singer with The Marvelettes, dies from lupus and sickle cell anaemia aged 35.
1983: In a gesture designed to challenge the legality of a ban on non-British boats from fishing in UK coastal waters, Euro MP and trawler owner Kent Kirk is arrested for sailing his boat into British waters and putting out his nets following Denmark’s refusal to agree to proposals for a new EEC fishing regime.
1991: Singles chart:
- Bring Your Daughter…To The Slaughter – Iron Maiden
- Sadness Part 1 – Enigma
- The Grease Megamix – John Travolta and Olivia Newton John
- Crazy – Seal
- Ice Ice Baby – Vanilla Ice
- All Together Now – The Farm
- You’ve Lost That Lovin’ Feelin’ – The Righteous Brothers
- Pray – MC Hammer
- Mary Had A Little Boy – Snap!
- Gonna Make You Sweat – C&C Music Factory ft Freedom Williams
- The Immaculate Collection – Madonna
- The Very Best Of – Elton John
- Seriously Hits… Live – Phil Collins
- To The Extreme – Vanilla Ice
- I’m Your Baby Tonight – Whitney Houston
- In Concert – Jose Careras/Placido Domingo/Luciano Pavarotti
- Soul Provider – Michael Bolton
- The Singles Collection 1984-1990 – Jimmy Somerville
- Listen Without Prejudice Volume 1 – George Michael
- MCMCX AD – Enigma
1992: The US Government recommends doctors suspend the use of silicone breast implants as fears grow they could leak.
1993: Bill Wyman announces he is leaving The Rolling Stones. On the same day, ballet dancer Rudolph Nureyev dies of AIDS aged 54.
1994: American figure-skater Nancy Kerrigan is attacked by a man brandishing a metal crowbar. She is forced to withdraw from the US national championships in Detroit.
2000: A flu outbreak puts a strain of the NHS.
2005: Edgar Ray Killen is arrested as a suspect for the 1964 murders of three civil rights workers portrayed in the 1988 film Mississippi Burning.
2006: Singer Lou Rawls dies aged 72 from lung cancer.
2009: Ron Asheton, guitarist with The Stooges, dies aged 60.
2016: North Korea states that they have successfully conducted their fourth nuclear test, saying it was a hydrogen bomb in a claim disputed by most international experts.
2019: Bohemian Rhapsody and Green Book are amongst the winners at the Golden Globes.
2021: Supporters of President Donald Trump storm the Capitol Building in Washington DC during the congressional certification of Joe Biden and Kamala Harris’s election win, resulting in five deaths.
BIRTHDAYS: Nino Tempo (Antonino LoTempio), singer-songwriter, 87; Terry Venables, footballer/author, 79; Alan Stivell, musician, 78; Rowan Atkinson, comedian/actor, 66; Sandra Bernhard, actress, 66; Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury, 66; Angus Deayton, TV presenter/writer, 66; Kapil Dev, Indian cricketer, 63; Nigella Lawson, celebrity chef/author, 62; Mark O’Toole, bassist (Frankie Goes To Hollywood) 58; Norman Reedus, actor, 53; Karin Slaughter, author, 50; Eddie Redmayne OBE, actor, 40; Kate McKinnon (Berthold) comedy performer, 38; Alex Turner, singer-songwriter/guitarist (Arctic Monkeys) 36; Irina Shayk (Shaykhlislamova) model, 36; Andy Carroll, footballer, 33.