1536:Catherine of Aragon dies aged 50.
1558: Calais, the last English possession in France, is retaken by the French.
1598: Boris Godunov seizes the Russian throne on the death of Feodor I.
1601: The Earl of Essex leads a revolt against Elizabeth I.
1610: Galileo discovers the first three moons of Jupiter: Io, Europa and Ganymede.
1618: Francis Bacon becomes Lord Chancellor of England.
1714: The typewriter is patented by Henry Mill.
1785: The first successful balloon flight across the English Channel by Jean Pierre Blanchard and John Jeffries.
1790: A riot breaks out in Versailles as people demand lower bread prices.
1842: Gioachino Rossini’s cantata “Stabat Mater” premieres in Paris.
1890: William Purvis receives a patent for the fountain pen.
1894: A five-second moving film of Fred Ott sneezing is shot by Edison Manufacturing.
1915: Kaiser Wilhelm approves the strategic bombing of Britain, but forbids the bombing of London, fearing for his relatives in the royal family.
1922: The Anglo-Irish Treaty is is ratified by the Dail Eireann.
1927: A commercial transatlantic telephone service is launched between New York and London.
1931: Aviator Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight from Australia to New Zealand in 11 hours and 45 minutes, crash-landing on New Zealand’s west coast.
1940: The Finish 9th Division defeats the Soviet forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road despite being significantly outnumbered.
1943: Physicist Nikola Tesla dies aged 86.
1946: Cambodia becomes an autonomous state inside the French Union.
1948: US President Harry Truman raises taxes for the Marshall Plan.
1953: President Truman announces America’s development of the hydrogen bomb.
1957: Algerian militant Djamila Bouhired sets off a bomb in an Algiers cafe killing 11 civilians.
1964: English blues musician Cyril Davies of Blues Incorporated dies of leukaemia aged 32. On the same day, The Bahamas becomes self-governing.
1969: Congress doubles the US president’s salary.
1973: A gunman on the roof of the New Orleans Holiday Inn kills nine people, including five police officers before being shot himself 200 times by police.
1976: A British naval frigate is involved in a collision with an Icelandic gunboat in the Atlantic.
1979: Vietnamese forces capture Phnom Penh from the Khmer Rouge.
- Y.M.C.A. – Village People
- Hit Me With Your Rhythm Stick – Ian Dury and the Blockheads
- Lay Your Love On Me – Racey
- Song For Guy – Elton John
- September – Earth Wind and Fire
- A Taste Of Aggro – The Barron Knights
- Mary’s By Child – Boney M
- You Don’t Bring Me Flowers – Barbra Streisand and Neil Diamond
- Le Freak – Chic
- Too Much Heaven – The Bee Gees
- Greatest Hits (1976-1978) – Showaddywaddy
- Midnight Hustle – Various Artists
- Don’t Walk..Boogie – Various Artists
- Grease – Original Soundtrack
- The Singles 1974-1978 – The Carpenters
- Nightflight To Venus – Boney M
- Emotions – Various Artists
- 20 Golden Greats – Neil Diamond
- Blondes Have More Fun – Rod Stewart
- A Single Man – Elton John
1980: Indians vote Indira Gandhi back into power – less than three years after rejecting her “emergency dictatorship”. On the same day, Hugh Cornwall of The Stranglers is found guilty of possession of heroin, cocaine and cannabis and sentenced to three months in prison.
1983: Australia regain the Ashes.
1986: President Reagan announces US economic sanctions against Libya.
1987: Indian cricketer Kapil Dev takes his 300th wicket at the age of just 28.
1988: Actor Trevor Howard dies aged 81.
1989: Akihito becomes Emperor of Japan on the death of his father Horohito.
1993: The Bosnian Army launches a surprise attack on Kravica, a village in Srebrenica.
1994: Oasis started recording their debut album Definitely Maybe at Monnow Valley Studio in South Wales. On the same day, the US female Figure Skating championship is won by Tonya Harding after her rival Nancy Kerrigan had to withdraw due to an attack by a man who hit her on the knee with an iron bar.
1995: Comedian Larry Grayson dies aged 71.
1998: Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky signs an affidavit denying she had an affair with President Bill Clinton.
1999: President Bill Clinton’s impeachment trial begins in the US Senate after the House voted to impeach him for lying about his affair with intern Monica Lewinsky.
2000: Former Cabinet minister Jonathan Aitken is released from jail after serving less than half of his 18-month sentence for perjury and perverting the course of justice.
2001: Rhythm and blues singer James Carr dies aged 58.
2006: Pink marries motocross racer Carey Hart on a beach in Costa Rica.
2007: TV presenter Magnús Magnússon dies aged 77.
2015: A terrorist attack on the offices of satirical newspaper “Charlie Hebdo” in Paris kills 12.
2019: An attempted coup in Gabon fails after rebel soldiers overtake the national radio station in Libreville.
2020: Neil Peart, drummer and lyricist for Rush, dies from brain cancer aged 67.
BIRTHDAYS: Mike McGear (McCartney), singer/photographer, 77; Dave Cousins, singer songwriter (The Strawbs), 76; Kenny Loggins, singer, 73; David Caruso, actor, 65; Kathy Valentine, bass, (The Go- Go’s) 62; Nicolas Cage (Coppola), 57; Mark Lamarr (Jones), comedian/broadcaster, 54; Jeremy Renner, actor, 50; Ruth Negga, actress, 39; Sir Lewis Hamilton, Formula 1 champion, 36; Caster Semenya, South African athlete, 30; Eden Hazard, footballer, 30.