1536: Death of Catherine of Aragon aged 50.
1601: Robert, Earl of Essex, leads revolt in London against Queen Elizabeth I.
1610: Galileo Galilei discovers the first three moons of Jupiter: Io, Europa and Ganymede.
1618: Francis Bacon becomes Lord Chancellor of England.
1785: First balloon flight across English Channel by Jean Pierre Blanchard and John Jeffries.
1915: Germany’s Kaiser Wilhelm approves strategic bombing of Britain, but forbids bombing London, fearing his relatives in the royal family might be killed.
1943: Death of physicist Nikola Tesla aged 86.
1964: English blues musician Cyril Davies died of leukaemia aged 32.
1980: Hugh Cornwell of The Stranglers is sentenced to three months in Pentonville prison for possession of heroin, cocaine and cannabis.
1989: Emperor Hirohito of Japan dies aged 87 after a 62-year reign.
1994: Oasis started recording their debut album Definitely Maybe at Monnow Valley Studio in South Wales.
1995: Death of comedian Larry Grayson aged 71.
1998: Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky signs an affidavit denying she had an affair with President Bill Clinton.
1999: President Bill Clinton’s impeachment trial begins in the US Senate after the House voted to impeach him for lying about his affair with Monica Lewinsky.
2001: Rhythm and blues and soul singer James Carr died aged 58.
2006: Pink married motocross racer Carey Hart on a beach in Costa Rica.
2007: Death of TV presenter Magnus Magnusson aged 77.
2015: A terrorist attack on the offices of satirical newspaper “Charlie Hebdo” in Paris kills 12.
2018: Snow falls in the Sahara Desert in the north west of Algeria.
2019: Amazon overtakes Microsoft to become the world’s most valuable listed company for the first time, worth $797 billion.
BIRTHDAYS: Mike McGear (McCartney) photographer/singer 76; Dave Cousins, musician (The Strawbs) 75; Jann Wenner, publisher, 74; Kenny Loggins, singer, 72; Erin Gray, actor 70; Katie Couric, journalist, 63; Kathy Valentine, bassist (The Go-Gos) 61; Nicolas Cage, actor 56; Mark Lamarr, broadcaster, 53; Ruth Negga, actress, 38; Lewis Hamilton, racing driver, 35; Caster Semeya, athlete, 29; Eden Hazard, footballer, 29.