It happened today – this day in history – July 10

48BC: Julius Ceasar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey near the city of Dyrrachium (in what is now Albania).

138: Death of Roman emperor Hadrian aged 62.

988: The city of Dublin is founded on the banks of the River Liffey.

1040: Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback through Coventry, according to legend, to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes.

1099: Death of El Cid (Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar) , Castilian nobleman and military leader, aged 59.

1212: A fire burns most of London to the ground.

1460: Richard of York defeats Henry VI at Northampton during the War of the Roses.

1520: Henry VIII and Charles V of France sign the Treaty of Calais.

1553: Lady Jane Grey, daughter of the Duke of Suffolk, is proclaimed Queen of England, succeeding Edward VI, who proclaimed his half-sisters illegitimate. She reigns for nine days.

1584: William of Orange is assassinated at 51 in his home in Delft, Holland.

1645: Oliver Cromwell’s New Model Army defeats the Royalists at the Battle of Langport in Somerset.

1652: England declares war on The Netherlands.

1739: George II authorises the Admiralty Board to seek maritime reprisals against Spain during the War of Jenkin’s Ear.

1746: Bonnie Prince Charlie flees in disguise to the Isle of Skye.

1778: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.

1806: The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.

1830: Birth of artist Camille Pissarro on The Virgin Islands.

1834: Birth of artist James Abbott McNeill Whistler in Massachusetts.

1850: Millard Fillmore is sworn in as President of US following the death of Zachary Taylor.

1856: Birth of physicist Nikola Tesla in what is now Croatia.

1871: Birth of novelist Marcel Proust in Paris.

1873: French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with a pistol.

1890: Wyoming becomes the 44th state of the US and the first with women’s suffrage.

1898: Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov) marries fellow revolutionary Nadezhda “Nadya” Krupskaya in Shushenskoye.

1903: Birth of sci-fi author John Wyndham in Warks.

1913: Romania declares war on Bulgaria.

1919: President Woodrow Wilson personally delivers the Treaty of Versailles to the US Senate.

1923: All non-fascist parties in Italy are dissolved.

1924: Denmark takes Greenland as Norway ends its claim.

1925: Indian spiritual master Meher Baba begins a silence that lasts for 44 years.

1926: Bobby Jones wins the US Open.

1934: Franklin D Roosevelt becomes the first sitting US President to visit South America when he arrives in Colombia.

1938: Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours.

1940: The Luftwaffe, attacks shipping convoys off the south-east coast of England at the start of the Battle of Britain.

1941: Death of jazz pianist Ferdinand “Jelly Roll” Morton aged 56.

1942: Himmler orders the sterilization of all Jewish women in Ravensbruck Camp.

1943: Allied troops invade Sicily.

1947: Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by British Prime Minister Clement Atlee.


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1953: Ben Hogan wins the British Open at Carnoustie. His only appearance.

Singles chart:

  1. I Believe – Frankie Laine
  2. Terry’s Theme From Limelight – Frank Chacksfield
  3. Hold Me Thrill Me Kiss Me – Muriel Smith
  4. The Song From The Moulin Rouge – Mantovani
  5. I’m Walking Behind You – Eddie Fisher with Sally Sweetland
  6. Pretend – Nat King Cole
  7. Terry’s Theme From Limelight – Ron Goodwin
  8. Tell Me A Story – Jimmy Boyd and Frankie Laine
  9. Downhearted – Eddie Fisher
  10. Rachel – Al Martino

1958: The first parking meters are installed in England.

1960: The Soviet Union beat Yugoslavia, 2-1 to win the UEFA European Championship in Paris.

1962: Martin Luther King Jr is arrested during a demonstration in Georgia.

1968: Eric Clapton announces that Cream will break-up after their current tour. On the same day, The Nice are banned from appearing at London’s Royal Albert Hall after Keith Emerson burns an American flag on stage.

1971: Lee Trevino wins his first British Open Championship. On the same day, 101 people are killed in a failed assassination attempt on King Hassan II of Morocco.

1972: The Secretary of State for Northern Ireland William Whitelaw holds secret talks with the provisional IRA.

1973: The Bahamas declares Independence from the UK. On the same day, John Paul Getty III, grandson of oil tycoon J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome by Italian gangsters.

1975: Cher files for divorce from Gregg Allman just 10 days after their marriage.

1976: A chemical factory in Seveso, near Milan, explodes covering the surrounding area in dioxin. On the same day, one American and three British mercenaries are executed in Angola following a trial.

1978: Spurs sign Argentine stars Osvaldo Ardiles and Ricky Villa. On the same day, Rolling Stones bassist Bill Wyman is knocked unconscious after falling from the stage during a concert at the Coliseum, St Paul, Minnesota. Also, following a bloodless military coup in Mauritania, President Moktar flees and legendary snooker champion Joe Davies dies aged 77.

1979: Rock n roll legend Chuck Berry is sentenced to five months in jail after being found guilty of tax evasion.

1980: Alexandra Palace burns down for a second time.

1984: Derek and the Dominos drummer Jim Gordon is sentenced to 16 years to life in prison after being found guilty of murdering his mother. Even though since his arrest he had been diagnosed as schizophrenic he was unable to use an insanity plea.

1985: The Greenpeace flagship Rainbow Warrior is blown up by French agents in Auckland harbour, New Zealand. On the same day, Playboy and Penthouse magazines publish nude pictures of Madonna.

Today on TV (Wednesday)

THAMES


06.15TV-am: Good Morning Britain

09.25Thames News Headlines

09.40The Poseidon Files

10.35Bambinger

11.00The Adventurer

11.20Courageous Cat

11.30About Britain

12.00Tales from Fat Tulip’s Garden

12.10Our Backyard

12.30Talking Personally

13.00News at One

13.20Thames News

13.30A Country Practice

14.30On the Market

15.00Take the High Road

15.25Thames News Headlines

15.30Sons and Daughters

16.00Tales from Fat Tulip’s Garden

16.15Crystal Tipps and Alistair

16.20Fraggle Rock

16.50Poparound

17.15Connections

17.45News at 5.45

18.00Thames News

18.25What It’s Worth

18.35Crossroads

19.00Arthur C. Clarke’s World of Strange Powers

19.30Coronation Street

20.00Duty Free
Comedy series starring Keith Baron and Gwen Taylor as a couple on holiday abroad


20.30The Funny Side

21.00Bulman
Crime series starring Don Henderson


22.00News at Ten

22.30East of Eden


CHANNEL 4

14.30Channel Four Racing

16.30Television Scrabble

17.00Tour de France

17.30Farming on 4

18.00Wales: Landscape and Legend

18.30The Heritage Game

19.00Channel Four News

19.50Comment

20.00Losing Track

20.30Diverse Reports

21.00The Human Voice

22.00Lou Grant

23.00Kindertotenlieder

23.35Their Lordship’s House


BBC ONE

06.00CeefaxAM

06.50Breakfast Time

09.20Pages from Ceefax

10.30Play School

10.50Gharbar

11.15Pages from Ceefax

13.00News After Noon

13.30Hokey Cokey

13.45Pages from Ceefax

16.18Regional News

16.20King Rollo

16.25Bric-a-Brac

16.35The Wombles

16.40Battle of the Planets

17.00John Craven’s Newsround

17.10Gentle Ben

17.35Gloria

18.00The Six O’Clock News

18.35Regional news magazines

19.00Wogan

19.35Oddie in Paradise

20.00Dallas

20.50Points of View

21.00The Nine O’Clock News

21.25The Visit: Fighting for Jamie

22.15Come Dancing

23.00Glitter

23.50Weather


BBC TWO

06.55Open University

09.00Pages from Ceefax

17.25News Summary

17.30White Horses

18.00Blue Water, White Death

19.35Open Space

20.05Wildlife Showcase

20.30The Travel Show

21.00Ms Rhymney Valley 1985
Film portrait of a community in the heart of the South Wales coalfield almost one year into the miners’ strike.


22.40Newsnight

23.25Weatherview

23.30Open University

1987: Legendary producer and record company executive John Hammond died aged 77. Among many others, Hammond discovered Billie Holiday and Bruce Springsteen.

1989: Former Celtic player Mo Johnstone joins Glasgow Rangers. On the same day, Mel Blanc, voice of Bugs Bunny and Fred Flintstone, dies aged 81.

1991: Boris Yeltsin is sworn in as the first elected President of the Russian Federation.

1992: The US Major Soccer League folds after 14 seasons. On the same day, former British hangman Albert Pierrepoint dies aged 87.

1996: The battered bodies of Lin Russell and her six-year-old daughter Megan are found in a field half a mile from their home in Kent. Nine-year-old Josie Russell is badly injured but survives.

1997: The trial begins of British au pair Louise Woodward, charged with the murder of eight-month-old Matthew Eappen while he was in her care in his home in Newton, Massachusetts.

1999: The US beats China, 5-4 on penalties to win the FIFA Women’s World Cup in Pasadena.

2000: Figures released by the government claim one in four households in Britain now use the internet. On the same day, a leaking southern Nigerian petroleum pipeline explodes, killing about 250 villagers scavenging gasoline.

2002: Peter Paul Rubens’ painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million at auction by Sotheby’s.

2005: James Blunt – Back To Bedlam

2005: Album chart:

  1. Back To Bedlam – James Blunt
  2. X&Y – Coldplay
  3. Forever Faithless: The Greatest Hits – Faithless
  4. Employment – Kaiser Chiefs
  5. Hopes And Fears – Keane
  6. Stars Of CCTV – Hard Fi
  7. War Of The Worlds – Jeff Wayne
  8. The Emancipation Of Mimi – Mariah Carey
  9. Up All Night – Razorlight
  10. In Your Honour – Foo Fighters

2008: The drum skin used on the cover of The Beatles album Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Herts Club Band sold for £541,250 at an auction of memorabilia at Christie’s in London.

2010: Actress Emily Blunt marries actor John Krasinski in Italy.

2011: News of the World publishes its last edition after 168 years in the wake of the phone hacking scandal.

2015: Actor Omar Sharif (Michel Dimitri Shalhoub) dies aged 83.

2016: Cliff Richard instructs lawyers to make formal legal complaints to South Yorkshire Police and the BBC over their handling of a police raid on his home in 2014. On the same day, Portugal beat France 1-0 to win the UEFA European Championship and Andy Murray beats Canadian Milos Raonic 6-4, 7-6, 7-6 for his second Wimbledon singles title.

2017: NASA’s Juno spacecraft makes closest ever pass over Jupiter’s Great Red Spot at 9,000km overhead.

2018: The final four boys and their coach are rescued from Tham Luang Nang Non cave, Thailand after being trapped there for 18 days by monsoon flooding. On the same day, Real Madrid forward Cristiano Ronaldo joins Italian champions Juventus in a deal worth £99.2m.

2019: British ambassador to the US Sir Kim Darroch resigns after his secret emails calling the US president “inept” were published.

BIRTHDAYS: Mavis Staples, singer, 82; Denny Seiwell, drummer (Wings) 78; Virginia Wade, tennis star, 76; John Motson, football commentator, 76; Arlo Guthrie, singer-songwriter, 74; Sunil Gavaskar, Indian batsman, 72; Phyllis Smith, actress, 70; Ludmilla Tourischeva, Russian gymnast, 69; Neil Tennant, vocals (Pet Shop Boys) 67; Frank Stapleton, footballer, 65; Béla Fleck, banjoist, 63; Fiona Shaw, actress, 63; John Simm, actor, 51; Lisa Coleman, actress, 51; Peter Serafinowicz, comedian/actor, 49; Sophia Vergara, actress, 49; Imelda May (Imelda Mary Clabby), singer-songwriter, 47; Chiwetel Ejiofor, actor, 47; Jessica Simpson, singer, 41; Perrie Edwards, singer (Little Mix) 28; Maisie Smith, actress, 20.

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