It happened today – this day in history – July 13

1174: William I of Scotland, key rebel in the revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II.

1568: The Dean of St. Paul’s Cathedral, Alexander Nowell, perfects a way to bottle beer.

1645: Aleksei Romanov succeeds his father Michael as Tsar of Russia.

1657: Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert.

1705: Titus Oates, English Protestant conspirator, dies at 55.

1772: Captain James Cook sets off on his second voyage aboard the Resolution to the South Seas in search of Terra Australis (the southern continent).

1793: Revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat is murdered by Charlotte Corday in his bath at 50.

1832: The source of the Mississippi River is discovered by geographer Henry Schoolcraft.

1837: Queen Victoria becomes the first monarch to live in the present Buckingham Palace.

1923: Explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first recognised dinosaur eggs, in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia.

1926: Finnish athlete Paavo Nurmi runs a world record 3000m (8:20.4).

1930: Lucien Laurent of France scores the first ever World Cup goal in a match against Mexico as the competition gets underway in Uruguay.

1942: 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, are executed by Nazis. On the same day, the SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland.

1943: The largest tank battle in history ends with Russia defeating Germany at Kursk.

1944: Vilnius in Lithuania is liberated.

1951: Death of composer and painter Arnold Schoenberg aged 76.

1953: The Battle of the Kumsong – the last major skirmish of the Korean War – begins.

1954: Mexican artist Frida Kahlo dies of a pulmonary embolism at 47.

1955: Ruth Ellis is hanged at Holloway Prison for the murder of her lover, David Blakeley outside a north London pub..

1956: Singles chart:

  1. I’ll Be Home – Pat Boone
  2. All Star Hit Parade (EP) – Various Artists
  3. Heartbreak Hotel – Elvis Presley
  4. I’m Walking Backwards For Christmas – The Goons
  5. Why Do Fools Fall In Love – Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers
  6. Hot Diggity (Dog Ziggity Boom) – Perry Como
  7. Stewball – Lonnie Donegan
  8. Experiments With Mice – Johnny Dankworth
  9. The Wayward Wind – Gogi Grant
  10. My September Love – David Whitfield

1962: Arnold Palmer wins his second consecutive British Open title at Royal Troon.

1965: Paul McCartney is presented with five Ivor Novello Awards at The Savoy, London. John Lennon refuses to attend and Paul himself was 40 minutes late as he had forgotten about it.

1967: Tom Simpson, English road cyclist (World Road Race Champion 1965), dies of diuretic combination of alcohol and mixed amphetamines at 29.

1968: Gary Player wins the British Open at Carnoustie.


1969: Frank Sinatra – My Way

1969: Album chart:

  1. According To My Heart – Jim Reeves
  2. Flaming star – Elvis Presley
  3. His Orchestra, His Chorus, His Singers, His Sound – Ray Conniff
  4. This Is Tom Jones – Tom Jones
  5. Best Of Cliff – Cliff Richard
  6. The Best Of – Glenn Miller
  7. My Way – Frank Sinatra
  8. The World Of – The Bachelors
  9. Oliver! – Original Soundtrack
  10. The World Of – Val Doonican

1971: Ten army officers involved in an aborted coup in Morocco are executed.

1972: A series of gun-battles and shootings erupt across Belfast between the Provisional IRA and the British Army.

1977: New York City experiences a 25-hour blackout.

1978: The BBC bans the Sex Pistols’ latest single No One Is Innocent, which features vocals by Ronnie Biggs, the criminal notorious for his part in the Great Train Robbery of 1963. At the time, Biggs was living in Brazil, still wanted by British authorities, but immune from extradition.

1982: Iran launches a first attack into Iraq.

1983: The Transvaal Attorney General announces that Eugène Terre’Blanche, leader of the far-right Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) and three associates will face terrorism charges in South Africa.

1984: Sergei Bubka of the USSR pole vaults a record 5.89m.

1985: Live Aid is held at Wembley in the UK and John F. Kennedy Stadium in Philadelphia, US to raise funds for Africa with the world’s leading acts including Queen, David Bowie, Paul McCartney, Elton John, Sting, The Who, U2 and many more.

1990: Soul singer-songwriter Curtis Mayfield is left quadriplegic after a gust of wind blows a lighting rig on him during an outside concert in Brooklyn, New York.

1997: Red Hot Chilli Peppers singer Anthony Kiedis undergoes five hours of surgery after being involved in a motorbike accident in Los Angeles.

2001: The International Olympic Committee votes to award Beijing the 2008 Summer Olympic Games.

2002: Fatboy Slim brings the Brighton area to a standstill when he throws a free beach party. Organisers had expected 60,000 fans to attend, but over 250,000 turn up causing chaos on the roads with traffic jams over ten miles long.

2004: Arthur ‘Killer’ Kane, bass player with The New York Dolls, dies aged 55 after checking himself into a Los Angeles emergency room, complaining of fatigue. He is quickly diagnosed with leukaemia, and dies within two hours.

2007: The three-day Latitude Festival begins at Henham Park Estate in Suffolk, featuring: Damien Rice, The Good, The Bad And The Queen, Arcade Fire, The Magic Numbers, Wilco and Jarvis Cocker.

2012: After Rangers go into liquidation, the other Scottish League clubs vote to demote the Glasgow side to the lowest tier in the competition, Division 3.

2013: #BlackLivesMatter is created in response to the acquittal of George Zimmerman for the murder of young black man Trayvon Martin. On the same day, actor Cory Monteith dies of a heroin and alcohol overdose at 31.

2014: Germany beats Argentina, 1-0 in extra time to win the FIFA World Cup in Brazil.

2015: Days after a jury ruled that he must pay $5m to a woman suing over a sex tape case, rapper 50 Cent files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

2016: Theresa May is elected leader of the Conservative Party and Prime Minister by Tory MPs following the resignation of David Cameron.

2018: Chelsea sack manager Antonio Conte. On the same day, Johnson & Johnson is ordered to pay a record $4.7 billion damages in talc cancer case by a jury in Missouri and large protests in London over the visit to the UK of president Donald Trump include a Trump baby blimp.

2021:More than 300 people die in violent protests and looting in South Africa following the jailing of former president Jacob Zuma.

2022: Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa flees to the Maldives just before leaving office amid nationwide protests and economic unrest.

Harrison Ford )Photo: Gage Skidmore)

BIRTHDAY: Ray Crawford, footballer, 87; Sir Patrick Stewart, actor, 83; Steve Gibbons, singer, 82; Harrison Ford, actor, 81; Roger (James) McGuinn, guitarist/singer (The Byrds) 81; Ernő Rubik, inventor, 79; Cheech Marin, comedian/actor, 77; Didi (Edith) Conn, actress, 72; Cameron Crowe, director/writer, 66; Ian Hislop, magazine editor/TV personality, 63; Ken (Kendrick Kang-Joh) Jeong, comedian/actor/doctor, 54; Roberto Martinez, football manager, 50; Craig Bellamy, footballer, 44; Tulisa (Tula) Contostavlos, singer, 35; Daniel Bentley, goalkeeper, 30.