It happened today – this day in history – July 13

1174: William I of Scotland, key rebel in the revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II.

1568: The Dean of St. Paul’s Cathedral, Alexander Nowell, perfects a way to bottle beer.

1645: Aleksei Romanov succeeds his father Michael as Tsar of Russia.

1657: Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert.

1705: Titus Oates, English Protestant conspirator, dies at 55.

1772: Captain James Cook sets off on his second voyage aboard the Resolution to the South Seas in search of Terra Australis (the southern continent).

1793: Revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat is murdered by Charlotte Corday in a bath at 50.

1832: The source of the Mississippi River is discovered by geographer Henry Schoolcraft.

1837: Queen Victoria becomes the first monarch to live in the present Buckingham Palace.

1923: Explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first recognised dinosaur eggs, in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia.

1926: Finnish athlete Paavo Nurmi runs a world record 3000m (8:20.4).

1930: The first World Cup begins in Uruguay.

1942: 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, are executed by Nazis. On the same day, the SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland.

1943: The largest tank battle in history ends with Russia defeating Germany at Kursk.

1944: Vilnius in Lithuania is liberated.

1951: Death of composer and painter Arnold Schoenberg aged 76.

1953: The Battle of the Kumsong – the last major skirmish of the Korean War – begins.

1954: Mexican artist Frida Kahlo dies of a pulmonary embolism at 47.

1955: Ruth Ellis is hanged at Holloway Prison for the murder of her lover, David Blakely, outside the Magdala public house in north London. It is the last execution of a woman in Britain.

1962: Arnold Palmer wins his second consecutive British Open title at Royal Troon.

1965: Paul McCartney was presented with five Ivor Novello Awards at a lunch party at The Savoy, London. John Lennon efused to attend and Paul himself was 40 minutes late because he had forgotten about the engagement.

1967: Tom Simpson, English road cyclist (World Road Race Champion 1965), dies of diuretic combination of alcohol and mixed amphetamines at 29.

1968: Gary Player wins the British Open at Carnoustie.

1972: A series of gun-battles and shootings erupt across Belfast between the Provisional IRA and the British Army.

1977: New York City experiences a 25-hour blackout.

1982: Iran launches a first attack into Iraq.

1983: The Transvaal Attorney General announces that Eugène Terre’Blanche, leader of the far-right Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) and three associates will face terrorism charges in South Africa.

1984: Sergei Bubka of the USSR pole vaults a record 5.89m.

1985: The Live Aid concert is held at Wembley and Philadelphia with the world’s top artists perfoming to raise money for the starving in Africa.

1990: Curtis Mayfield was rendered quadriplegic after a gust of wind blew a lighting rig on him during an outside concert in Brooklyn, New York.

1997: Red Hot Chili Peppers singer, Anthony Kiedis, underwent five hours of surgery after being involved in a motorbike accident in Los Angeles.

2001: The International Olympic Committee votes to award Beijing the 2008 Summer Olympic Games.

2002: Fatboy Slim brought the Brighton area to a standstill when he threw a free beach party. Organisers had expected 60,000 fans to attend but over 250,000 turned up causing chaos on the roads with traffic jams over ten miles long.

2004: Arthur ‘Killer’ Kane, bass player with The New York Dolls, died aged 55 after checking himself in to a Los Angeles emergency room, complaining of fatigue. He was quickly diagnosed with leukaemia, and died within two hours.

2012: Rangers FC are relegated to the Scottish Third Division for breaking financial rules.

2013: #BlackLivesMatter is created in response to the acquittal of George Zimmerman for the murder of young black man Trayvon Martin. On the same day, actor Cory Monteith dies of a heroin and alcohol overdose at 31.

2014: Germany beats Argentina, 1-0 in extra time to win the FIFA World Cup in Brazil.

2016: Theresa May is elected Prime Minister of the UK by Conservative Party MPs following the resignation of David Cameron.

2018: Chelsea sack manager Antonio Conte. On the same day, Johnson & Johnson is ordered to pay a record $4.7 billion in damages in talc cancer case by a jury in Missouri.

BIRTHDAYS: Sir Patrick Stewart, actor, 80; Steve Gibbons, singer-songwriter, 79; Roger McGuinn, guitarist/singer (The Byrds) 78; Harrison Ford, actor, 78; Erno Rubik, inventor, 76; Didi Conn, actress, 69; Cameron Crowe, director/screenwriter/journalist, 63; Ian Hislop, editor/broadcaster, 60; Ken Jeong, comedian/actor/doctor, 51; Craig Bellamy, former footballer, 41; Tulisa (Tula Contostavlos), singer, 32.

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Mick Ferris

Editor Email: [email protected]