It happened today – this day in history – July 14

1682: Henry Purcell is appointed organist of Chapel Royal, London.

1714: The Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish fleet at the Battle of Aland.

1789: The French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille

1795: The French National Convention decrees “La Marseillaise” by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle is France’s national anthem.

1850: The first public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration by Florida physician John Gorrie.

1853: US President Franklin Pierce opens the World Fair – an exhibition of the industry of all nations – in New York.

1862: Birth of Austrian Art Nouveau painter Gustav Klimt.

1868: Alvin J Fellows patents the tape measure.

1881: Billy the Kid (William H Bonney) is shot by sheriff Pat Garrett aged 21.

1914: Robert Goddard is granted the first patent for a liquid-fueled rocket design.

1933: Germany begins the mandatory sterilization of people with hereditary illnesses. On the same day, all non Nazi parties in the country are banned.

1938: Benito Mussolini publishes an anti-Jewish/African manifesto.

1941: 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan camp.

1946: The mass murder of Jews in Kielce, Poland.

1955: Two die and many are dazed when lightning strikes Ascot racecourse.

1957: The Soviet steamer “Eshghbad” sinks in the Caspian Sea – 270 drown.

1958: A military coup in Iraq overthrows the monarchy, King Faisal III is killed.

1963: French cyclist Jacques Anquetil wins his third consecutive Tour de France.

1964: French cyclist Jacques Anquetil wins his fourth consecutive Tour de France.

1965: Mariner IV, the first US Mars probe, passes at 6,100 miles. On the same day, Italian Felice Gimondi wins the tour de France.

1966: Richard Speck rapes and kills eight nurses in a Chicago dormitory. On the same day, Lucien Aimar wins the Tour de France.

Singles chart:

  1. Sunny Afternoon – The Kinks
  2. Nobody Needs Your Love – Gene Pitney
  3. River Deep Mountain High – Ike and Tina Turner
  4. Getaway – Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames
  5. Bus Stop – The Hollies
  6. Strangers In The Night – Frank Sinatra
  7. Paperback Writer – The Beatles
  8. I Couldn’t Live Without Your Love – Petula Clark
  9. Out Of Time – Chris Farlowe
  10. Hideaway – Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mitch and Tich

1967: Surveyor 4 is launched to the Moon, only to explode just before landing.

1969: The El Salvador army attacks Honduras two weeks after the two countries had played a bad-tempered play off match to decide who would progress to the 1970 World Cup Finals in Mexico. On the same day, a 67-year-old Catholic dies after being attacked by RUC officers in Dungiven. Many consider this the first death of ‘the Troubles’.

1971: Cheshire Police call off the hunt for the murderer of three French tourists after the body of Michael Bassett is found in a car in Staffordshire with a suicide note confessing to the killings.

1973: During an Everly Brothers gig at the John Wayne Theatre in Hollywood, Phil Everly smashes his guitar and storms off stage. A clearly drunk Don finishes the set by himself and announces “The Everly brothers died 10 years ago.” The brothers had already decided to split up before the concert and do not speak again for a decade. On the same day, guitarist Clarence White of The Byrds is killed by a drunk driver while loading equipment after a gig in Palmdale, California. Also, American golfer Tom Weiskopf wins the British Open at Royal Troon.

1976: Jimmy Carter wins the Democratic presidential nomination.

1977: North Korea shoots down a US helicopter, killing three crew.

1983: Mario Bros. is first released by Nintendo in Japan as an arcade game.

1984: Phillippe Wynne lead singer with The Detroit Spinners dies aged 43 of a heart attack while performing at a nightclub in Oakland, California,

1986: Richard Miller becomes the first FBI agent convicted of espionage.

1987: Taiwan ends 37 years of martial law.

1989: At The Peach Festival, South Carolina, 432 guitarist’s break the world record for the most guitar players appearing in unison for the longest period of time, when they perform Louie Louie for 30 minutes. On the same day, Tom Jones loss a paternity suit and is ordered to pay $200 a week in child support to 27-year old Katherine Berkery of New York. The judge is Judy Sheindlin, later to gain fame as TV’s Judge Judy.

1991: UK forces withdraw from a haven in the Turkish mountains where a multi-national force had been protecting Iraqi Kurds from reprisals by Saddam Hussein. On the same day there is a failed military coup in Mali.

2001: British tourists Peter Falconio and Joanne Lees are allegedly attacked while driving in the Northern Territory of Australia. Falconio’s body is never found but Lees later identifies Bradley Murdoch as the attacker and he is subsequently found guilty, although documentary makers and forensic experts continue to cast doubt on the conviction. On the same day, six days of crisis talks to save the Northern Ireland peace process end in deadlock.

2002: French president Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed during Bastille Day celebrations.

2006: After an investigation into Italian match-fixing and bribing referees, Juventus are relegated to Serie B and stripped of the Italian championship titles they had won in 2004/05 and 2005/06. An additional 30-point deduction for 2006/07 was later reduced to nine points on appeal. Lazio and Fiorentina were also to be releged but that was overturned on appeal and with AC Milan and Reginna they were given points deductions/fines/ground closures. On the same day, Primal Scream singer Bobby Gillespie has his nose broken when he is attacked in a hotel bar in Madrid.

2014: The Church of England votes in favour of allowing women to become bishops. On the same day, the Egyptian government proposes a cease fire in the Israel–Gaza conflict.

2015: Arthur Cave the 15-year-old son of musician Nick Cave dies after accidentally falling from a cliff in Brighton.

2017: Little Mix – Glory Days

2017: Album chart:

  1. ÷ – Ed Sheeran
  2. Something To Tell You – Haim
  3. 4.44 – Jay-Z
  4. Every Valley – Public Service Broadcasting
  5. Human – Rag n Bone Man
  6. Funk WAV Bounces Vol 1 – Calvin Harris
  7. OK Computer OKNOTOK – Radiohead
  8. How Did We Get So Dark – Royal Blood
  9. Glory Days – Little Mix
  10. X – Ed Sheeran

2019: England beats New Zealand on count back after scores are tied at 241 to win the Cricket World Cup at Lord’s. On the same day, Lewis Hamilton wins a record sixth British Grand Prix at Silverstone. On the same day, Donald Trump ignites racial controversy by tweeting four Democrat women of colour to “go back and help fix the totally broken and crime infested places from which they came.”

BIRTHDAYS: Jim Gordon, drummer (Derek and the Dominoes), 76; Sue Lawley, broadcaster, 75; Julia Somerville, journalist, 74; Andy Newmark, drummer, 71; Bruce Oldfield, fashion designer, 71; Chris Cross (Allen) bassist (Ultravox) 69; Bebe (Beverle Lorence) Buell, model, 68; Jane Lynch, actress, 61; Kyle Gass, actor/musician (Tenacious D) 61; Jackie Earle Haley, actor/writer, 60; Ellen Reid, keyboards (Crash Test Dummies) 55; Tanya Donnelly, guitarist/singer (Belly/Throwing Muses) 55; Matthew Fox, actor, 55; Nick McCabe, guitarist (The Verve) 50; Maxine Peake, actress, 47; David Mitchell, comedian/TV personality/writer, 47; Taboo (Jaime Luis Gomez), rapper (Black Eyed Peas) 46; Lee Mead, actor, 40; Phoebe Waller Bridge, writer/actress, 36; Dan Smith, singer-songwriter (Bastille) 35; Conor McGregor, boxer, 33.

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