1543: Death of Lady Mary Boleyn, mistress of Henry VIII.
1545: Henry VIII’s flagship Mary Rose sinks at Portsmouth; 73 die.
1553: 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey is deposed as Queen of England after nine days.
1595: Astronomer Johannes Kepler has an epiphany and develops his theory of the geometrical basis of the universe while teaching in Graz, Austria.
1692: Five more people are hanged for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts.
1834: Birth of French impressionist artist Edgar Degas.in Paris.
1843: The steamship SS Great Britain, the largest vessel in the world abd the first with an iron hull, is launched.
1845: A fire in New York City destroys 1,000 homes.
1870: France declares war on Prussia.
1877: Spencer Gore wins inaugural Wimbledon tournament beating William Marshall 6-1, 6-2, 6-4.
1879: Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up his New Mexico saloon.
1884: Maud Watson becomes the inaugural female Wimbledon champion by beating her sister Lillian Watson 6–8, 6–3, 6–3.
1903: French rider Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France.
1912: A meteorite of estimated 190kg mass explodes over Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona, causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town.
1918: German armies retreat across the River Marne in France.
1919: Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of the First World War, ex-servicemen riot and burn down Luton Town Hall.
1922: Swimmer and future film Tarzan, Johnny Weissmuller, is the first to break the oneminute barrier for 100m freestyle in 58.6 seconds.
1928: King Fuad of Egypt seizes power and disbands parliament.
1940: Adolf Hitler orders Britain to surrender. Needless to say, Churchill doesn’t.
1941: Prime Minister Winston Churchill launches his V for Victory campaign. On the same day, Tom and Jerry first appear under their own names in the Hanna/Barbera cartoon “The Midnight Snack”.
1942: German occupiers confiscate bicycles in Rotterdam and The Hague.
1943: 500 allied aircraft raid Rome.
1944: More than 1200 8th US Air Force bombers bomb targets in SW Germany while 500 15th US Air Force Liberators/Flying Fortresses bomb Munich.
1947: Prime Minister of shadow Burma government, Bogyoke Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members are assassinated by armed paramilitaries.
1952: The Summer Olympic Games open in Helsinki, Finland. On the same day, the Tour de France is won by Fausto Coppi of Italy.
1956: The US refuses to lend Egypt money to build the Aswan Dam.
1965: The former leader of South Korea, Syngman Rhee, dies in exile in Hawaii aged 90. On the same day, shooting begins on the second pilot episode of Star Trek: “Where No Man Has Gone Before” after the first pilot “The Cage” was rejected by NBC. It eventually appeared the following year as Episode 3 of the first series and was the first episode ever shown in Britain on July 12 1969.
1966: Race riot in Cleveland, US. On the same day, 50-year old Frank Sinatra marries 21 year old Mia Farrow in Las Vegas.
1967: Race riots in Durham, North Carolina.
1969: Apollo 11 goes into orbit around the Moon. Also in the early hours of the same day, a car driven by Senator Edward Kennedy drove off a narrow unlit bridge on Chappaquiddick island in Massachusetts. The passenger, 28-year old political campaign specialist Mary Jo Kopechne downed. Kennedy swam from the car but did not report the accident to police until the following morning.
1970: Top 10 singles:
- In the Summertime – Mungo Jerry
- All Right Now – Free
- The Wonder of You – Elvis Presley
- Lola – The Kinks
- Up Around The Bend – Credence Clearwater Revival
- It’s All In The Game – The Four Tops
- Something – Shirley Bassey
- Neanderthal Man – Hotlegs
- Love Of The Common People – Nicky Thomas
- Cottonfields – The Beach Boys
Top 10 albums:
- Bridge Over Troubled Water – Simon & Garfunkel
- Let It Be – The Beatles
- Fire And Water – Free
- Self Portrait – Bob Dylan
- McCartney – Paul McCartney
- Easy Rider – Soundtrack
- Led Zeppelin II – Led Zeppelin
- Motown Chartbusters Vol III – Various artists
- Greatest Hits – Andy Williams
- In Rock – Deep Purple
1971: Sudan military coup under maj Hashem al-Atta.
1972: Mick Jagger and Keith Richards were arrested in Warwick, Rhode Island, on charges of assault after a fight broke out with a newspaper photographer.
1974: The Ozark Music Festival began in Missouri featuring The Eagles, Joe Walsh, Aerosmith, Blue Öyster Cult and Lynyrd Skynyrd. On the same day, Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 14 lands back on earth.
1975: Bob Marley & the Wailers appeared at the Lyceum Theatre in London. The show was recorded and the live single ‘No Woman, No Cry’ later released.
1976: British fishermen urge Foreign Secretary, Anthony Crosland, to secure a 50-mile fishing zone around the UK. On the same day, the Allman Brothers’ roadie, Scooter Herring, is sentenced to 75 years for providing drugs to the group, based on organist/singer Gregg Allman’s testimony.
1979: Two supertankers collide off Tobago, spilling 260,000 gallons of oil.
1980: The Summer Olympic games open in Moscow with many nations boycotting the event due to Russia’s invasion of Afghanistan.
1981: Bernard Hinault of France wins the Tour de France.
1982: David S Dodge becomes the first American hostage in Lebanon.
1984: Lynn Rippelmeyer becomes the first woman to captain a Boeing 747 across the Atlantic .
1985: Christa McAuliffe is chosen to be the first school teacher to fly aboard the space shuttle. On the same day, the Val di Stava Dam collapses in Italy, killing 268.
1986: Tim Witherspoon KOs Frank Bruno in Round 11 for the world heavyweight boxing title.
1987: Nick Faldo wins the British Open at Muirfield. His first major title.
1989: Singer James Brown changed accommodation behind bars after $40000 in cash and cheques was discovered in his minimum security cell. On the same day, a United Airlines DC-10 crashes at Sioux City Iowa, killing 112.
1991: Boxer Mike Tyson rapes Miss Black America contestant Desiree Washington.
1992: Nick Faldo wins his third British Open at Muirfield.
1993: The last day of first class cricket for Ian Botham. On the same day, President Bill Clinton fires FBI director William S. Sessions.
1996: Bosnian Serb President and wanted war criminal Radovan Karadzic is forced to resign. On the same day, the Summer Olympic Games open in Atlanta, Georgia.
1997: The IRA announces a surprise ceasefire in Northern Ireland.
1999: DJ Tim Westwood was wounded as his car was sprayed with bullets in Kensington.
2001: Soul and gospel singer Judy Clay dies aged 62. On the same day, Michael Brunet discovers the skull of Sahelanthropus tchadensis, one of the oldest known species in the human family tree, 6-7 million years ago years old, in the Djurab Desert, Chad.
2009: A black spot the size of Earth is discovered on Jupiter after an unknown object crashed onto the planet.
2013: Comedian and director Mel Smith dies from a heart attack at 60.
2014: Death of actor James Garner aged 86.
2017: A US judge halted an auction of Madonna’s personal items including underwear, a chequebook, a hairbrush, photos and a break-up letter from the late rapper Tupac Shakur after she said they had been stolen by a former friend.
2019: Crowds dancing at a festival in Sheffield triggered minor earthquakes.On the same day, the UK oil tanker Stena Impero is seized by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard in the Strait of Hormuz. Also, actor Rutger Hauer dies aged 75.
BIRTHDAYS: Ilie Nastase, Romanian tennis player, 74; Allan Gorrie, bassist (Average White Band) 74; Bernie Leadon, guitarist (The Eagles) 73; Brian May, guitarist (Queen) 73; Anthony Edwards, actor, 58; Evelyn Glennie, percussionist, 55; Nicola Sturgeon, leader of the SNP, 50; Vitali Klitschko, boxer, 49; Benedict Cumberbatch, actor, 44; Michelle Heaton, singer (Liberty X) 41; Jared Padalecki, actor, 38.