1566: Death of astrologist Nostradamus (Michel de Nostre-Dam) aged 62 (wonder if he saw that one coming).
1578: Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island.
1644: Parliamentary forces under Lords Fairfax and Manchester defeat royalists led by Prince Rupert at the Battle of Marston Moor.
1681: The Earl of Shaftesbury is arrested for high treason.
1687: James II disbands parliament.
1743: Death of Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington, Prime Minister of Great Britain.
1823: The end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
1843: An alligator falls from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina.
1881: US President James Garfield is shot by Charles J Guiteau and dies 79 days later.
1900: Jean Sibelius’ “Finlandia” premieres in Helsinki. On the same day, the first flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
1901: Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid rob a train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana.
1921: Bill Tilden beats South African Brian Norton 4-6, 2-6, 6-1, 6-0, 7-5 to win the Wimbledon Men’s Singles title. On the same day, in boxing’s first million dollar gate ($1.7m), world heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey KOs Frenchman Georges Carpentier in round 4 of his thirrd title defence before a crowd of 91,000 in New Jersey.
1926: US Army Air Corps is created.
1927: Helen Wills Moody defeats Lilí Álvarez 6-2, 6-4 for her first Wimbledon title.
1928: Parliament reduces the age women can vote to 21 – the same as men.
1937: Aviators Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappear flying over the Pacific Ocean.
1938: Helen Wills Moody beats Helen Jacobs 6-4, 6-0 to win the Wimbledon Women’s Singles title.
1941: Noel Coward’s “Blithe Spirit” premieres in London.
1948: Henry Cotton wins the British Open golf tournament.
1949: Louise Brough beats fellow American Margaret Osborne duPont 10-8, 1-6, 10-8 for the second of three straight Wimbledon titles.
1954: Czech Jaroslav Drobný beats Ken Rosewall of Australia 13-11, 4-6, 6-2, 9-7 for his only Wimbledon Men’s Singles title. On the same day England batsman Denis Compton scores career best 278 in 287 mins in second Test win over Pakistan at Nottingham.
1955: Louise Brough beats Beverly Fleitz 7-5, 8-6 for her fourth Wimbledon singles title.
1956: Elvis Presley recorded Lieber and Stoller’s ‘Hound Dog’ at RCA Studios, New York, take 31 being the version released.
1961: Author Ernest Hemingway commits suicide aged 61.
1962: Jimi Hendrix was honourably discharged from the 101st Airborne Paratroopers, after breaking his ankle during his 26th and final parachute jump. On the same day, Fidel Castro visits Moscow.
1964: Cilla Black records Lennon & McCartney’s song “It’s For You” with Paul McCartney on piano.
1966: Billie Jean King beats Maria Bueno 6-3, 3-6, 6-1 for her first Wimbledon title.
1969: Bassist Noel Redding and drummer Mitch Mitchell quit The Jimi Hendrix Experience. On the same day, working on tracks for The Beatles’ Abbey Road album, while John Lennon was in hospital following a car crash in Scotland, Paul McCartney recorded ‘Her Majesty’, then Paul, George, and Ringo record 15 takes of ‘Golden Slumbers/Carry That Weight’.
1971: In an all-Australian final Evonne Goolagong beats Margaret Court 6-4, 6-1 for her first Wimbledon Women’s Singles title.
1972: American pole vaulter Bob Seagren breaks the world record for the fourth and final time with 5.63m in Oregon. On the same day, two Catholic civilians are shot and killed in Belfast by loyalist paramilitaries.
1973: Hollywood star Betty Grable dies of lung cancer aged 56.
1976: Chris Evert beats Evonne Goolagong Cawley of Australia 6-3, 4-6, 8-6 for her second Wimbledon Women’s Singles title. On the same day, North and South Vietnam are formally reunified.
1977: Bjorn Borg beats Jimmy Connors 3-6, 6-2, 6-1, 5-7, 6-4 for the second of five consecutive Wimbledon singles titles. On the same day, novelist Vladimir Nabokov dies aged 78.
1982: Nicky “Topper” Headon of The Clash was remanded on bail, charged with stealing a bus stop worth £30 from London’s’ Fulham Road.
1983: Martina Navratilova beats Andrea Jaeger 6-0, 6-3 for the fourth of nine Wimbledon singles titles.
1985: Andrei Gromyko is appointed president of the USSR.
1988: Steffi Graf beats Martina Navratilova 5-7, 6-2, 6-1 at Wimbledon for the third leg of her Golden Slam.
1989: Steve Cauthen wins the Irish Derby on Old Vic to become the first jockey in history to sweep the world’s four major derbies (Kentucky, Epsom, French, Irish).
1990: 1,426 pilgrims are trampled to death after a panic in a tunnel in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
1991: Axl Rose caused a riot to break out during a Guns N’ Roses gig at the Riverpoint Amphitheatre, Maryland Heights after leaping into the crowd to remove a camera from a fan. On the same day, Donald Trump proposes to Marla Maples and gives her a 7.5 carat diamond ring.
1993: Death of Herman Munster actor Fred Gwynne aged 66.
1994: Colombian soccer defender Andrés Escobar is shot aged 27 on his return home after scoring an own goal against the US which dismissed his country from the World Cup.
1997: Death of Hollywood icon James Stewart aged 89.
1998: “Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets” the second book in the series is published in the UK.
1999: Author of The Godfather, Mario Puzzo, dies aged 78.
2000: France beat Italy 2-1 in extra time to win the European Championship in Rotterdam.
2001: Liverpool Airport at Speke was renamed John Lennon Airport.
2002: Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world non-stop in a balloon.
2005: The world’s biggest music stars united in concerts around the world to put pressure on political leaders ahead of the G8 summit to tackle poverty in Africa. Stars of Live 8 in London included U2, Paul McCartney, The Who and Pink Floyd reunited with Roger Waters. On the same day, Venus Williams beats fellow American Lindsay Davenport 4-6, 7-6, 9-7 for the third of her five Wimbledon Ladies’ singles titles.
2006: Michael Schumacher wins the US Formula 1 Grand Prix for the fifth time, becoming the first driver in any series to win five races at Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
2007: Lyricist Hy Zaret, who wrote the words for the song ‘Unchained Melody’ died at his home in Westport, Connecticut, aged 99.
2008: The gravestone of former Joy Division frontman Ian Curtis was stolen from Macclesfield Cemetery.
2010: Death of author Beryl Bainbridge aged 77.
2011: Petra Kvitová wins her first Grand Slam title beating Maria Sharapova 6-3, 6-4 for the Wimbledon Ladies’ singles title.
2014: Former French president Nicolas Sarkozy is charged with corruption by criminal prosecutors.
2018: British divers discover 12 boys and their coach alive in Tham Luang Nang Non cave, Thailand after being trapped for nine days by monsoon flooding. On the same day, Alan Longmuir, bassist with The Bay City Rollers, dies aged 70.
BIRTHDAYS: Imelda Marcos, former First Lady f The Philippines, 91; Tom Springfield, musician/songwriter, 86; Kenneth Clarke, Tory politician, 80; Peter Cruickshank, bassist (The Groundhogs) 75; Larry David, comedian/writer, 73; Saul Rubinek, actor, 72; Roy Bittan, pianist (The E Street Band) 71; Pete Briquette, bassist (The Boomtown Rates) 66; Jerry Hall, model/actress, 65; Mark Kermode, film critic, 57; Roy Boulter, drummer, (The Farm) 56; Peter Kay, comedian, 47; Ashley Tisdale, actress/singer, 35; Lindsay Lohan, actress, 34; Margot Robbie, actress, 30.