It happened today – this day in history – July 22

1099: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem during the First Crusade.

1298: The English defeat the Scots at the Battle of Falkirk.

1461: Charles VII or France dies aged 58.

1484: A 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany’s brother James III of Scotland at the Battle of Lochmaben Fair.

1515: The First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland and Holy Roman Empire.

1648: 10,000 Jews of Polannoe are murdered in the Chmielnick Massacre during the Khmelnytsky Uprising between Poland and Cossacks.

1676: Pope Clement X dies aged 86.

1691: The English/Dutch army beats France at Aghrim.

1739: The Ottoman Empire defeats Austria at Crocyka (Krotzka) in Serbia then successfully lays siege to Belgrade.

1793: Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.

1812: The Duke of Wellington defeats the French at The Battle of Salamanca, Spain.

1832: Napoleon II of France dies from tuberculosis aged 20.

1901: Serbia resumes diplomatic relations with Montenegro.

1912: In the face of ever-increasing German naval power, the British Admiralty decides to recall British warships from the Mediterranean and base them in the North Sea. On the same day, the Summer Olympic Games in Stockholm close.

1917: The British bomb German lines at Ypres.

1923: Henri Pelissier of France wins the Tour de France.

1933: Wiley Post completes the first solo flight round the world in 7days 19hrs.

1934: Gangster John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents outside the Biograph Theatre in Chicago.

1942: 300,000 Jews from the Warsaw ghetto are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp.

1943: US forces led by General George Patton liberate Palermo, Sicily.

1946: Militant Zionist organisation Irgun bombs the British administrative headquarters for Palestine in the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people of various nationalities.

1950: King Leopold returns to Belgium after 6 years in exile.

1951: General Francisco Craveiro Lopes is appointed President of Portugal.

1959: Benjamin Britten’s “Missa Brevis” in D premieres.

1960: Cuba nationalises all US-owned sugar factories.

1962: The first US Venus probe, Mariner 1, explodes at lift-off. On the same day, Gary Player wins the PGA Championship.

1963: Sonny Liston KO’s Floyd Patterson in Round 1 for the heavyweight boxing title.

1965: Alec Douglas-Home resigns as leader of the Conservative Party. On the same day, Mick Jagger, Brian Jones and bill Wyman of The Rolling Stones are each fined £5 at East Ham Magistrates Court after being found guilty of insulting behaviour at a Romford Road service station. The three had urinated against a wall after the service station attendant had refused them the use of the toilet.

1969: Singer Aretha Franklin is arrested for causing a disturbance in a Detroit parking lot. After posting $50 bail, she ran down a road sign while leaving the police station.


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1971: The Sudanese military stages a counter-coup under premier Numeiry.

1972: The Soviet Venera 8 makes a soft landing on Venus. On the same day, two Catholics are abducted, beaten and shot dead in a Loyalist area of Belfast. Also, Eddy Merckx of Belgium wins his fourth consecutive Tour de France.

1977: The Chinese Communist Party restores Deng Xiaoping to the offices of Vice Premier of the State Council, Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee, Vice-Chairman of the Military Commission and Chief of the General Staff of the People’s Liberation Army.

1979: Bernard Hinault of France wins the Tour de France.

1981: Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca is sentenced in a Rome court to life imprisonment for the attempted assassination of Pope John Paul II in May.

1983: Dick Smith makes the first solo helicopter flight around the world. On the same day, Polish Prime Minister Wojciech Jaruzelski lifts martial law after 19 months.

1984: Seve Ballesteros wins the British Open at St Andrews.

1987: Palestinian cartoonist Naji Salim al-Ali is shot in the face and critically wounded in London. On the same day, Said Aouita of Morocco sets the 5000m record (12:58.39) in Rome.

1988: 500 US scientists pledge to boycott Pentagon germ-warfare research.

1990: Nick Faldo wins the British Open for the second time at St Andrews. On the same day, Greg LeMond of the US wins the Tour de France.

1991: Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer confesses to killing 17 men in the US in 1978. On the same day, British Prime Minister John Major launches a citizen’s charter to improve public services.

1992: Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes prison.

1994: A military coup in Gambia – President Dawda Jawara flees. On the same day, O J Simpson pleads not guilty to the murder of his ex wife Nicole and her friend Ron Goldman in LA.

1995: Death of England “Bodyline” fast bowler Harold Larwood, aged 90.

2001: Singles chart:

  1. Eternity/Road To Mandalay – Robbie Williams
  2. Purple Pills – D12
  3. Elevation – U2
  4. Perfect Gentleman – Wyclef Jean
  5. Castles In The Sky – Ian Van Dahl
  6. Dance For Me – Sisqo
  7. Heaven Is A Half Pipe – OPM
  8. Another Chance – Roger Sanchez
  9. Lady Marmalade – Pink/Christina Aguilera/L’il Kim/Maya
  10. A Little Respect – Wheatus
2001: Destiny’s Child – Survivor

Album chart:

  1. Survivor – Destiny’s Child
  2. 8701 – Usher
  3. Devil’s Night – D12
  4. The Invisible Band – Travis
  5. No Angel – Dido
  6. White Ladder – David Gray
  7. Hot Shot – Shaggy
  8. Gorillaz – Gorillaz
  9. The Very Best Of – The Eagles
  10. Just Enough Education To Perform – Stereophonics

2002: Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas’s military arm, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians. On the same day, Manchester United sign Rio Ferdinand from Leeds for a British record transfer fee of £29,100,000.

2003: Uday and Qusay Hussein, the infamous sons of former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, are killed in a gun battle with US forces in northern Iraq.

2004: French singer and guitarist Sacha Distel died aged 71 after a long battle with deteriorating health.

2005: Brazilian electrician, Jean Charles de Menezes is shot dead by police at Stockwell Tube station in south London after being mistaken for a terrorist.

2006: Arsenal play their first match at the Emirates Stadium, a testimonial match for Dennis Bergkamp against Ajax.

2008: Death of “Golden Girls” actress Estelle Getty aged 84.

2011: Norway suffers twin terror attacks by Anders Breivik – the first a bomb blast targeting government buildings in central Oslo, followed by a massacre at a youth camp on the island of Utøya.

2012: Pranab Mukherjee is elected President of India. On the same day, Bradley Wiggins of Britain wins the Tour de France.

2014 : The EU claims that Israel ‘has the right to defend itself’, but describes civilian casualties in Gaza as unacceptable.

2016: A man shoots and kills nine people at the Olympia shopping mall in Munich, before killing himself.

2019: French submarine Minerve is rediscovered off the coast of Toulon, France, after disappearing in 1968 with the loss of 52 crew. On the same day, singer, songwriter and keyboardist Art Neville of The Meters and The Neville Brothers dies aged 81.

BIRTHDAYS: Louise (Estelle) Fletcher, actress, 87; Terence Stamp, actor, 83; George Clinton, singer/songwriter/producer (Parliament/Funkadelic), 80; Rick Davies, singer/songwriter/keyboardist (Supertramp) 77; Danny Glover, actor/director, 75; Don Henley, singer/songwriter/drummer (The Eagles) 74; Lasse Virén, athlete, 72; Al Di Meola, guitarist, 67; Willem (William) Dafoe, actor 66; Steve Albini, record producer/musician, 59; David Spade, actor/comedian, 57; John Leguizamo, actor/screenwriter/playwright, 57; Bonnie Langford, actress, 57; Rhys Ifans, actor, 54; Stephen Mangan, actor, 49; Rufus Wainwright, singer-songwriter, 48; A J (Andrea) Cook, actress, 43; Dirk Kuyt, footballer, 41; Stewart Downing, footballer, 37; Selena Gomez, singer/actress, 29; Prince George of Cambridge, 8.