It happened today – this day in history – July 25

306: Constantine I is proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops.

1261: Constantinople recaptured by Nicaean forces under Alexios Strategopoulos for Emperor Michael VIII, re-establishing the Byzantine Empire.

1564: Maximilian II succeeds his father Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor.

1729: North Carolina becomes a royal colony.

1759: The British capture Fort Niagara from French.

1797: Horatio Nelson loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife.

1799: French-Egyptian forces under Napoleon I beat the Turks at the Battle of Abukir.

1814: Engineer George Stephenson introduces his first steam locomotive, a travelling engine designed for hauling coal on the Killingworth wagonway, Tyneside..

1834: Poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge dies aged 61

1837: The first commercial use of an electric telegraph between Euston and Camden Town in London.

1850: Gold is discovered in Oregon.

1861: The Crittenden Resolution is passed stating that the American Civil War is to be fought to preserve union and uphold the constitution, not to alter slavery.

1902: James J Jeffries beats Bob Fitzsimmons by a KO in Round 8 to win the heavyweight boxing crown in San Francisco.

1907: Korea becomes a protectorate of Japan.

1909: France’s Louis Bleriot, makes the first airplane flight across the English Channel.

1914: Last day of club cricket for W G Grace aged 66. He was out first ball but refused to walk, eventually making 69 runs.

1918: Race riot in Chester, Pennsylvania.

1934: Failed Nazi coup in Austria.

1943: Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini, steps down as head of the armed forces and the government. He is arrested on the orders of King Victor Emmanuel III.

1944: US forces begin a major offensive in Normandy with an air bombardment.

1957: The monarchy in Tunisia is abolished.

1961: In a speech, President John F Kennedy emphasises that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO.

1963: Cilla Black makes a recording test for EMI after Beatles producer George Martin had spotted her while at a Gerry And The Pacemakers gig in Liverpool. On the same day, the US, Russia & Britain sign a nuclear Test ban treaty.

Singles chart:

  1. Confessin’ – Frank Ifield
  2. Devil In Disguise – Elvis Presley
  3. Sweets For My Sweet – The Searchers
  4. Atlantis – The Shadows
  5. Twist And Shout – Brian Pool & The Tremeloes
  6. Da Doo Ron Ron – The Crystals
  7. I Like It – Gerry and The Pacemakers
  8. Take These Chains From My Heart – Ray Charles
  9. It’s My Party – Lesley Gore
  10. Deck of Cards – Wink Martingdale

1964: TV on this day:

ATV

13.15News
13.20Motor Racing
13.50Racing from Ripon
14.05Welsh Games 1964
15.05Racing Results Round-up
15.55Professional Wrestling
17.15HAWKEYE AND THE LAST OF THE MOHICANS
17.45News
17.50LUCKY STARS – SUMMER SPIN
Guest Host: Adam Faith with Sandie Shaw, Freddie and the Dreamers, The Paramounts and Kenny Lynch.
18.35BONANZA
Western adventure starring Lorne Green, Dan Blocker and Michael Landon
19.25OPPORTUNITY KNOCKS!
Hughie Green introduces new talent
20.10FILM: Deadline at Dawn (1946)
Film noir starring Susan Hayward
21.35News
21.45THE LARKINS
Minder’s Keepers starring Peggy Mount and David Kossoff
22.20CAPTAIN OF DETECTIVES
23.15ONE JUMP AHEAD
23.30WHIPLASH
23.55News

BBC ONE
11.25CRICKET
The third day’s play from the fourth test at Old Trafford, Manchester.
13.30SUMMER GRANDSTAND
featuring the Fourth Test Match, Royal International Horse Show, Racing, International Athletics
17.15DOCTOR WHO
Kidnap: Starring William Hartnell, William Russell, Jacqueline Hill and Carole Ann Ford
17.40JUKE BOX JURY
Hosted by David Jacobs. Panelists Carole Ann Ford, George Harrison, Reg Varney and Alexandra Bastedo pass judgement on the week’s new singles including The Zombies classic “She’s Not There”.
18.05NEWS and WEATHER
18.15CRICKET
The closing overs of the third day’s play at Old Trafford.
18.35THE TRAVELS OF JAIMIE McPHEETERS
new film series starring Dan O’Herlihy as Dr. Sardius McPheeters and Kurt Russell as his son Jaimie in tales of adventure along the California gold rush trail of 1849.
19.25FIRST NIGHT OF THE PROMS
From the Royal Albert Hall, part of the opening concert of the 70th Season of Henry Wood Promenade Concerts.
20.15SR FINLAY’S CASEBOOK
Starring Andrew Cruickshank, Barbara Mullen and Bill Simpson as Dr. Finlay.
21.05SINGALONG SATURDAY
with The Cliff Adams Singers, Miki and Griff, The Jack Emblow Quartet.
Host, Val Doonican
21.35PERRY MASON
The Case of the Nebulous Nephew starring Raymond Burr
22.25THE FOUR SEASONS OF ROSIE CARR
A cycle of four plays by Ted Willis.
Stars Jane Hylton and June Barry in the fourth play Long Winter Journey
23.20News
23.30Weather: Close Down
BBC TWO
15.10COMPACT
Omnibus of the week’s episodes of soap opera by Hazel Adair and Peter Ling
16.00OPEN HOUSE
Introduced by Gay Byrne with Peter Haigh and Victor Brooks.
Providing the entertainment: Catherine Boyle, The John Burden Horns, Dorothy Dandridge, Don, David, and Dean, The Four Pennies, Al Koran, Don Lang, Millicent Martin, The Mojos, Tony Osborne and his Orchestra
19.25LINE-UP
19.35THE GREAT WAR: Part 9
A 26-part history of the 1914-1918 War with the voices of: Sir Michael Redgrave as the narrator, Sir Ralph Richardson as Haig.
20.15WITCH WOOD Part 2 – The Wood At Beltane
by John Buchan.
David Sempill has taken over his first ministry at Woodilee. Ignorant of their identity, he has befriended Montrose and Mark Kerr, and has met Katrine Yester.
21.00THE NANCY WILSON SHOW
with The Ted Heath Orchestra, The Heralds.
21.20News
21.25HORIZON
Strangeness Minus Three Our changing view of the universe.
22.10LET ME SPEAK
Jesuit Novices Young people face Malcolm Muggeridge in a discussion on their beliefs.
22.40Closedown

1965: Bob Dylan backed by the Butterfield Blues Band appeared at The Newport Folk Festival in Rhode Island. Folk music purists outraged by his switch to electric tried to boo him off the stage.

1966: Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party, Mao Zedong, swims the Yangtze River.

1969: Senator Edward Kennedy pleads guilty to leaving the scene of a crime following the Chappaquiddick car crash that killed passenger Mary Jo Kopechne. On the same day, the Seattle Pop Festival begins at the Gold Creek Park, Woodinville, Washington. Acts over three days include Chuck Berry, The Doors, Tim Buckley, The Byrds, Chicago Transit Authority, The Flying Burrito Brothers, Led Zeppelin, Santana and Vanilla Fudge.

1972: US health officials concede African Americans were used as guinea pigs in a 40-year syphilis experiment.

1978: Louise Brown, the first “test tube baby” is born in Manchester. On the same day, John Lydon forms Public Ltd Image.

1981: Anti-apartheid protesters in Hamilton, New Zealand, force the cancellation of a rugby test between New Zealand’s All Blacks and South Africa’s Springboks by invading the pitch during the game.

1982: Bernard Hinault of France wins the Tour de France.

Album chart:

  1. Fame – Original Soundtrack
  2. Kids From Fame – TV cast
  3. Lexicon Of Love – ABC
  4. Love And Dancing – The Love Unlimited Orchesrta
  5. Avalon – Roxy Music
  6. Complete Madness – Madness
  7. Tropical Gangsters – Kid Creole and the Coconuts
  8. Pictures At Eleven – Robert Plant
  9. The Concert In Central Park – Simon & Garfunkel
  10. Abracadabra – The Steve Miller Band
1982: Kid Creole and The Coconuts

1984: Cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the first woman to walk in space. On the same day, Willie Mae ‘Big Mama’ Thornton died at the age of 58 died in Los Angeles of heart and liver complications.

1985: A spokeswoman for Hollywood heart-throb Rock Hudson confirms he has AIDS. On the same day, Steve Cram runs the mile in a world record time of 3:46.32.

1989: The Princess of Wales opens a new Aids centre in Tulse Hill, south east London.

1990: The US Ambassador to Iraq says the US won’t take sides in the Iraq-Kuwait dispute.

1992: The Summer Olympic Games open in Barcelona.

1993: The latest UN ceasefire in Bosnia is broken with shelling from both sides in Sarajevo. On the same day, Israel launches an offensive against terrorist bases in South Lebanon and Spaniard Miguel Induráin makes it three straight Tour de France titles.

1994: Jordan and Israel end a 46-year state of war.

1995: Country singer/songwriter Charlie Rich died in his sleep aged 62.

1997: Golfing legend Ben Hogan dies from a stroke aged 84.

1999: The Woodstock ’99 Festival ended with riots resulting in 120 people being arrested. Three people died during the three-days and many were hospitalised after drinking polluted water. On the same day, Lance Armstrong wins the first of seven consecutive Tour de France tournaments, but all titles are later wiped and he is disqualified for drug cheating.

2000: Concorde crashes minutes after take-off from Charles de Gaulle airport near Paris killing 113 people.

2002: The Commonwealth Games open in Manchester.

2004: Brazil beats Argentina, 4-2 on penalties to win the Copa América in Lima, Peru.

2012: The double dip recession in the UK economy continues with a fall of 0.7% in GDP in the second quarter of the year.

2014: An Israeli airstrike kills leader of Islamic Jihad’s military wing, Salah Abu Hassanein.

2018: Georgia representative James Spencer resigns after being fooled into using racial slurs on Sacha Baron Cohen’s “Who is America” programme.

2019: The US Justice department announces it is resuming the death penalty, scheduling five executions. On the same day, the highest ever UK temperature of 38.7C (101.6F) is recorded in Cambridge.

BIRTHDAYS: Manny (Manuel) Charlton, guitarist (Nazareth) 79; Bruce Woodley, singer-songwriter (The Seekers) 78; Jim McCarty, drummer (The Yardbirds) 77; Verdine White, bassist (Earth Wind and Fire) 68; Thurston Moore, guitarist (Sonic Youth) 62; Matt LeBlanc, actor, 53; Kevin Phillips, former footballer, 47; Paul Epworth, songwriter, producer, 46.

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Mick Ferris

Editor Email: [email protected]