It happened today – this day in history – July 26

1267: The Inquisition forms in Rome under Pope Clement IV.

1469: The forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick battle those of Edward IV at the Battle of Edgecote during the Wars of the Roses.

1497: Pretender to the English throne, Perkin Warbeck’s army lands in Cork.

1524: James V is declared fit to govern by the Scottish Parliament.

1533: Atahualpa, the last Sapa Inca Emperor, is garroted by order of Franciso Pizarro.

1579: Francis Drake leaves San Francisco to cross Pacific Ocean.

1588: English Admiral John Hawkins knighted for his actions against the Spanish Armada.

1609: English mathematician Thomas Harriot is the first person to draw a map of the Moon by looking through a telescope.

1755: Giacomo Casanova is arrested in Venice for affront to religion and common decency and imprisoned in the Doge’s Palace.

1759: 11,000 British troops drive a token French garison of 400 out of Fort Ticonderoga, New York.

1803: The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world’s first public railway, opens in south London.

1847: The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation.

1856: Birth of dramatist George Bernard Shaw in Dublin.

1865: The capital of New Zealand moves from Auckland to Wellington.

1875: Birth of Carl Jung, founder of analytic psychology, in Switzerland.

1882: Richard Wagner’s opera “Parsifal” premieres in Bayreuth, Germany.

1891: France annexes Tahiti.

1894: Birth of author Aldous Huxley in Godalming, Surrey.

1914: Philippe Thys of Belgium wins the Tour de France.

1917: J Edgar Hoover gets a job in the US Department of Justice.

1918: Race riot in Philadelphia.

1928: Gene Tunney TKOs Tom Heeney in Round 11 for the heavyweight boxing title.

1936: The Axis powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.

1945: Clement Attlee becomes prime minister as Labour wins the general election. On the same day, the US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with the atomic bomb on board. Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core to Tinian where the bomb to be dropped on Nagasaki is assembled.

1948: President Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 to desegregate the US armed forces, directing “equality of treatment and opportunity” in the military.

1952: Eva Peron, wife of the president of Argentina, dies from cancer, aged 33.

1953: Fidel Castro leads a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks, intended to spark a revolution in Cuba. On the same day, Louison Bobet of France wins his first of three consecutive Tour de France titles.

1956: Egypt’s president, Colonel Gamal Nasser, announces the nationalisation of the Suez Canal to provide funding for the construction of the Aswan High Dam.


1957: The USSR launches the first intercontinental multistage ballistic missile. On the same day, Carlos Castillo Armas, dictator and president of Guatemala, is assassinated by a palace guard.

1963: Thousands of people are feared dead as a massive earthquake rocks the city of Skopje in Yugoslavia.

1964: Teamsters President and US union leader Jimmy Hoffa is convicted of fraud and conspiracy.

1965: The Maldives gains independence from Britain.

1966: Bobby Charlton scores both England goals as they beat Portugal 2-1 in the semi-final of the World Cup.

1968: The Jackson Five sign a one-year contract with Motown.

1969: Sharon Sites Adams, 39, becomes the first woman to sail solo across the Pacific.

1970: Singles chart:

  1. The Wonder Of You – Elvis Presley
  2. All Right Now – Free
  3. Lola – The Kinks
  4. In The Summretime – Mungo Jerry
  5. Something – Shirley Bassey
  6. Neanderthal Man – Hotlegs
  7. It’s All In The Game – The Four Tops
  8. Up Around The Bend – Credence Clearwater Revival
  9. I’ll Say Forever My Love – Jimmy Ruffin
  10. Lady D’Arbanville – Cat Stevens
1970: Led Zeppelin II

Album chart:

  1. Bridge Over Troubled Water – Simon and Garfunkel
  2. Fire And Water – Free
  3. Let It Be – The Beatles
  4. Self Portrait – Bob Dylan
  5. On Stage, February 1970 – Elvis Presley
  6. Paint Your Wagon – Original Soundtrack
  7. In Rock – Deep Purrple
  8. McCartney – Paul McCartney
  9. Led Zeppelin II – Led Zeppelin
  10. Easy Rider – Original Soundtrack

1971: Apollo 15 is launched for the fourth manned landing on the Moon.

1973: Peter Shaffers “Equus” premieres in London.

1974: The USSR’s Soyuz fails to dock with Salyut 3.

1977: Kevin Keegan moves from Liverpool to FC Hamburg for a British record transfer fee of £500,000. On the same day, Led Zeppelin cut short a North American tour when Robert Plant’s five-year-old-son Karac dies unexpectedly of a virus in England.

1983: Mother of 10 Victoria Gillick fails in the courts to prevent doctors prescribing contraception to under-16s without parental consent. On the same day, light flashes are seen on Jupiter’s moon Io.

1986: Lebanese kidnappers release Rev Lawrence Martin Jenco.

1987: Stephen Roche of Ireland wins the Tour de France.

1991: Actor Paul Rubens (Pee Wee Herman) is arrested in Florida, for exposing himself at an adult movie theatre.

1992: Singer Mary Wells dies aged 49 of laryngeal cancer.

1993: The Mars Observer takes the first photo of Mars, from 5 billion km.

1994: A car bomb explodes outside the Israeli embassy in London. On the same day,.comedy actor Terry Scott dies aged 67.

2005: Launch of Space Shuttle Discovery, NASA’s first scheduled flight mission since the Columbia disaster two years earlier. On the same day, Samir Geagea, the Lebanese Forces (LF) leader, is released after spending 11 years in a solitary confinement after the end of the Syrian occupation of Lebanon.

2006: After more than 41 years, the last edition of Top of the Pops is recorded at BBC Television Centre in London. On the same day, the Rex acoustic guitar on which Sir Paul McCartney learned his first chords sells for £330,000 at an auction at Abbey Road Studios.

2013: Singer-songwriter JJ Cale dies of a heart attack at the age of 74.

2017: A jury awards record producer Quincy Jones $9.4 million in royalties for the use of Michael Jackson songs he produced in two Cirque du Soleil shows and the This Is It documentary. On the same day, US President Donald Trump announces a policy to ban transgender people from the military, overturning Obama era changes. Also, Britain announces it will ban petrol and diesel cars by 2040.

2018: Facebook has the single worst day of any public company on the stock market, losing 19% or $119 billion market value.

2021: British swimmer Adam Peaty successfully defends his 100m breaststroke title at the Tokyo Olympics. On the same day, former Slipknot drummer Joey Jordison dies aged 46.

2022: Russia announces it will leave the International Space Station at the end of 2024.

BIRTHDAYS: Lawrie McMenemy, football manager, 87; Darlene Love (Wright) actress/singer (The Crystals), 82; Sir Mick Jagger, singer-songwriter (The Rolling Stones) 80; Peter Hyams, director/screenwriter, 80; Dame Helen Mirren (Ilyena Lydia Vasilievna Mironoff), actress, 78; Roger Taylor, drummer/songwriter (Queen) 74; Susan George, actress, 73; Kevin Spacey, actor, 64; Gary Cherone, singer (Extreme) 62; Sandra Bullock, actress, 59; Jeremy Piven, actor, 58; Jason Statham, actor, 56; Olivia Williams, actress, 55; Baroness Tanni (Carys Davina) Grey-Thompson, paralympian/politician, 54; Joan As Police Woman (Wasser) singer-songwriter, 53; Kate Beckinsale, actress, 50; Liz Truss, politician, 48; Eve Myles, actress, 45; Jacinda Ardern, former Prime Minister of New Zealand, 43; John White, footballer, 37; Taylor Momsen, child actress/ singer-songwriter, 30; Stormzy (Michael Owuo) rapper, 30.